Most widely held works by Pierre-André Chiappori
Competitive failures in insurance markets : theory and policy implications ( Book )
6 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 215 libraries worldwide
Finance & sustainable development : opposition or partnership ( Book )
4 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 102 libraries worldwide
"Economic and financial considerations are often perceived as being antithetical to environmental concerns. Is it possible to reconcile economic development and growth with preservation of the planet and its resources? The authors of "Finance and Sustainable Development" believe reconciliation of these two seemingly opposite agendas isn't just possible - it's essential. Economic analysis of environmental problems has made considerable progress in recent decades. Growing concerns about sustainable development, and more particularly environmental and climate change, have emphasized the importance of this research. This book, an outgrowth of the December 2007 conference on 'Finance and Sustainable Development: Opposition or Partnership?' brings together many of the leading experts concerned with environmentally friendly growth. Their aim is to provide a better understanding of the long-term issues that must be considered when attempting to create any short-term solutions."
Théorie microéconomique : 1 : L'Equilibre concurrentiel by François Bourguignon ( Book )
1 edition published in 1992 in French and held by 61 libraries worldwide
Unitary versus collective models of the household : time to shift the burden of proof ( Book )
2 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 21 libraries worldwide
Heterogeneity and risk sharing in village economies ( Book )
2 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 18 libraries worldwide
We measure heterogeneity in risk aversion among households in Thai villages using a full risk-sharing model and complement the results with a measure based on optimal portfolio choice. Among households with relatives living in the same village, full insurance cannot be rejected, suggesting that relatives provide something close to a complete-markets consumption allocation. There is substantial heterogeneity in risk preferences estimated from the full-insurance model, positively correlated in most villages with portfolio-choice estimates. The heterogeneity matters for policy: Although the average household would benefit from eliminating village-level risk, less-risk-averse households who are paid to absorb that risk would be worse off.
Investment in schooling and the marriage market ( )
2 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 16 libraries worldwide
Matching with a Handicap The Case of Smoking in the Marriage Market by Pierre-André Chiappori ( Book )
2 editions published in 2010 in German and English and held by 16 libraries worldwide
We develop a matching model on the marriage market, where individuals have preferences over the smoking status of potential mates, and over their socioeconomic quality. Spousal smoking is bad for non-smokers, but it is neutral for smokers, while individuals always prefer high socioeconomic quality. Furthermore, there is a gender difference in smoking prevalence, there being more smoking men than smoking women for all education levels, so that smoking women and non-smoking men are in short supply. The model generates clear cut conditions regarding matching patterns. Using CPS data and its Tobacco Use Supplements for the years 1996 to 2007 and proxing socioeconomic status by educational attainment, we find that these conditions are satisfied. There are fewer "mixed" couples where the wife smokes than vice-versa, and matching is assortative on education among couples with identical smoking habits. Among non-smoking wives those with smoking husbands have on average 0.14 fewer years of completed education than those with non-smoking husbands. Finally, and somewhat counterintuitively, we find that among smoking husbands those who marry smoking wives have on average 0.16 more years of completed education than those with non-smoking wives.
Non-unitary models of household behavior: a survey of the literature by Pierre André Chiappori ( )
2 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 16 libraries worldwide
This article considers non-unitary models of household behavior. These models suppose explicitly that households consist of a number of different members with preferences that are different from each other. They can be split up into two principal categories: cooperative (or collective) models, in which the allocations are supposed to be Pareto efficient; and non-cooperative (or strategic) models which are based on the concept of Cournot-Nash equilibrium. The demand functions that describe household behavior in these models are subject to constraints that differ from the traditional Slutsky conditions. In addition, in a certain number of specific cases, the preferences of the different household members can be identified from observable behavior.
Fatter attraction: anthropometric and socioeconomic characteristics in the marriage market by Pierre André Chiappori ( )
2 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 16 libraries worldwide
We construct a matching model on the marriage market along more than one characteristic, where individuals have preferences over physical attractiveness (proxied by anthropometric characteristics) and market and household productivity of potential mates (proxied by socioeconomic characteristics), with a certain degree of substitutability between them. Men and women assess each other through an index combining these various attributes, so the matching is one-dimensional. We estimate the trade-offs among these characteristics using data from the PSID and the ECHP, finding evidence of compensation between anthropometric and socioeconomic characteristics. An additional unit of husband's (wife's) BMI can be compensated by a 0.3%-increase (0.15%-increase) in husband's (wife's) average (predicted) wage. Interestingly, these findings suggest that female physical attractiveness plays a larger role in men's assessment of a woman than male physical attractiveness does for women.
An assignment model with divorce and remarriage ( )
2 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 15 libraries worldwide
Public goods, transferable utility and divorce laws ( )
2 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 15 libraries worldwide
Testing contract theory : a survey of some recent work by Pierre-André Chiappori ( Book )
5 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 13 libraries worldwide
While the theoretical literature on contracts has been enormous since the seventies, empirical tests of the theory have long remained scarce. However, new empirical work has been developed in the last ten years that sheds light on the empirical validation of the theory. This paper aims at surveying the recent empirical work on contracts. The focus throughout is on the need to properly account for unobserved heterogeneity.
The economics and mathematics of aggregation formal models of efficient group behavior by Pierre-André Chiappori ( Book )
2 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 12 libraries worldwide
The goal of this article is to provide a general characterization of group behavior in a market environment. A crucial feature of our approach is that we do not restrict the form of individual preferences or the nature of individual consumptions; we allow for public as well as private consumption, for intragroup production, and for any type of consumption externalities across group members. Our only assumption is that the group always reaches Pareto efficient decisions. We analyze two main issues. One is testability: what restrictions (if any) on the aggregate demand function characterize the efficient behavior of the group? The second question relates to identifiability; we investigate the conditions under which it is possible to recover the underlying structure -- namely, individual preferences, the decision process and the resulting intragroup transfers -- from the group's aggregate behavior.
Risque et assurance by Pierre-André Chiappori ( Book )
3 editions published between 1996 and 1997 in French and held by 10 libraries worldwide
La gestion des risques est une préoccupation constante de toutes les sociétés modernes. Les sociétés d'assurances et l'Etat constituent les principaux organismes de gestion de ces risques. Comment sélectionner ces risques ? Les personnes de santé fragile doivent-elles être pénalisées par des cotisations plus importantes ? Telles sont les questions étudiées dans cet ouvrage.
Bertrand and Walrus equilibria under moral hazard by Alberto Bennardo ( Book )
1 edition published in 2002 in English and held by 8 libraries worldwide
The collective approach to household behaviour by François Bourguignon ( Book )
5 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 7 libraries worldwide
Bertrand and Walras equilibria under moral hazard by Alberto Bennardo ( Book )
3 editions published in 2002 in English and No Linguistic content and held by 7 libraries worldwide
Better safe than sorry? : ex ante and ex post moral hazard in dynamic insurance data by Jaap Abbring ( Book )
3 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 6 libraries worldwide
Efficient intra-household allocations : a general characterization and empirical tests by Martin Browning ( Book )
5 editions published between 1994 and 1996 in English and held by 6 libraries worldwide
The identification of preferences from equilibrium prices ( Book )
6 editions published between 1999 and 2000 in English and held by 5 libraries worldwide
Competition Conference proceedings Consumption (Economics) Consumption (Economics)--Mathematical models Contracts--Economic aspects Decision making--Mathematical models Demand functions (Economic theory) Developing countries Differential calculus Divorce--Law and legislation Economics Education--Economic aspects--Mathematical models Efficient market theory--Mathematical models Environmental economics Equilibrium (Economics) Equilibrium (Economics)--Mathematical models Finance France Great Britain Group decision making--Mathematical models Health insurance--Mathematical models Home economics--Accounting Households--Economic aspects Households--Economic aspects--Mathematical models Households--Research Household surveys Income tax Insurance Insurance--Mathematical models Labor Labor supply Marginal utility Marriage--Mathematical models Mathematical statistics Microeconomics--Mathematical models Operations research Physician services utilization--Mathematical models Political science Public administration Public goods Rational expectations (Economic theory)--Mathematical models Resource allocation Risk Risk perception--Social aspects Statistics Sustainable development Taxation Thailand Uncertainty Villages--Economic aspects
Chiappori, P. A.
Chiappori, P.-A. 1955-
Chiappori, P. A. (Pierre-André)
Chiappori, Pierre-André 1955-