WorldCat Identities

Chiappori, Pierre-André

Overview
Works: 157 works in 335 publications in 3 languages and 1,547 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings 
Roles: Author, Editor, Thesis advisor, Redactor, Honoree
Classifications: HQ519, 306.85
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Pierre-André Chiappori
Economics of the family by Martin Browning( Book )

17 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 267 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The family is a complex decision unit in which partners with potentially different objectives make consumption, work, and fertility decisions. Couples marry and divorce partly based on their ability to coordinate these activities, which in turn depends on how well they are matched. This book provides a comprehensive, modern, and self-contained account of the research in the growing area of family economics. The first half of the book develops several alternative models of family decision making. Particular attention is paid to the collective model and its testable implications. The second half discusses household formation and dissolution and who marries whom. Matching models with and without frictions are analyzed and the important role of within-family transfers is explained. The implications for marriage, divorce, and fertility are discussed. The book is intended for graduate students in economics and for researchers in other fields interested in the economic approach to the family"--
Competitive failures in insurance markets : theory and policy implications( Book )

1 edition published in 2006 in English and held by 222 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Finance & sustainable development : opposition or partnership? by J. M Lasry( Book )

5 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 109 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Economic and financial considerations are often perceived as being antithetical to environmental concerns. Is it possible to reconcile economic development and growth with preservation of the planet and its resources? The authors of "Finance and Sustainable Development" believe reconciliation of these two seemingly opposite agendas isn't just possible - it's essential. Economic analysis of environmental problems has made considerable progress in recent decades. Growing concerns about sustainable development, and more particularly environmental and climate change, have emphasized the importance of this research. This book, an outgrowth of the December 2007 conference on 'Finance and Sustainable Development: Opposition or Partnership?' brings together many of the leading experts concerned with environmentally friendly growth. Their aim is to provide a better understanding of the long-term issues that must be considered when attempting to create any short-term solutions."
Théorie microéconomique : L'Equilibre concurrentiel by François Bourguignon( Book )

4 editions published in 1992 in French and held by 60 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Risque et assurance by Pierre-André Chiappori( Book )

7 editions published between 1996 and 2001 in French and held by 59 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

La gestion des risques est une préoccupation constante de toutes les sociétés modernes. Les sociétés d'assurances et l'Etat constituent les principaux organismes de gestion de ces risques. Comment sélectionner ces risques ? Les personnes de santé fragile doivent-elles être pénalisées par des cotisations plus importantes ? Telles sont les questions étudiées dans cet ouvrage
Investment in schooling and the marriage market by Yoram Weiss( )

6 editions published between 2006 and 2008 in English and held by 24 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Unitary versus collective models of the household : time to shift the burden of proof? by Pierre-André Chiappori( Book )

5 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 24 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Testing contract theory : a survey of some recent work by Pierre-André Chiappori( Book )

7 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 21 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

While the theoretical literature on contracts has been enormous since the seventies, empirical tests of the theory have long remained scarce. However, new empirical work has been developed in the last ten years that sheds light on the empirical validation of the theory. This paper aims at surveying the recent empirical work on contracts. The focus throughout is on the need to properly account for unobserved heterogeneity
Competitive failures in insurance markets : theory and policy implications by Pierre-André Chiappori( Book )

8 editions published in 2006 in English and Undetermined and held by 19 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Bertrand and Walrus equilibria under moral hazard by Alberto Bennardo( Book )

6 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 17 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Public goods, transferable utility and divorce laws by Pierre-André Chiappori( )

3 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 16 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"We reconsider the well known Becker-Coase (BC) argument, according to which changes in divorce laws should not affect divorce rates, in the context of households which consume public goods in addition to private goods. For this result to hold, utility must be transferable both within marriage and upon divorce, and the marginal rate of substitution between public and private consumption needs to be invariant in marital status. We develop a model in which couples consume public goods and show that if divorce alters the way some goods are consumed (either because some goods that are public in marriage become private in divorce or because divorce affects the marginal rate of substitution between public and private goods), then the Becker-Coase theorem holds only under strict quasi-linearity. We conclude that, in general, divorce laws will influence the divorce rate, although the impact of a change in divorce laws can go in either direction"--Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit web site
Black-White Marital Matching: Race, Anthropometrics, and Socioeconomics by Pierre-André Chiappori( )

3 editions published in 2011 in English and German and held by 16 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We analyze the interaction of race with physical and socioeconomic characteristics in the U.S. marriage market, using the Panel Study of Income Dynamics from 1999 to 2009 for black, white, and inter-racial couples. We consider the anthropometric characteristics of both spouses, together with their wage and education, and estimate who inter-racially marries whom along these dimensions. Distinctive patterns arise by gender and race for inter-married individuals: the black women who inter-marry are the thinner and more educated in their group; instead, white women are the fatter and less educated; black or white men who inter-marry are poorer and thinner. While women in "mixed" couples find a spouse who is poorer but thinner than if they intra-married, black men match with a white woman who is more educated than if they intra-married, and a white man finds a thinner spouse in a black woman
An assignment model with divorce and remarriage by Pierre-André Chiappori( )

3 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 16 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We develop a two-sided matching model with positive sorting, divorce and remarriage. Match quality for each couple is revealed ex post and those with poor draws divorce. Competition determines lifetime expected utilities but per-period utilities depend on the laws that govern the distribution of assets upon divorce. We discuss separately cases in which remarriage is or is not feasible and cases in which commitments are or are not made. In all cases, lifetime utilities are exactly pinned down by equilibrium (stability) requirements. Moreover, ex-post Nash bargaining and ex-ante commitment yield the same non-contingent intertemporal allocations. We then analyze the impact of changes in the property division upon divorce, considering for instance a reform that favors women. The short-term impact of the reform on the allocations of already married wives is positive. However, its long-term impact on yet unmarried women is not because such a reform generates lower utility for women within marriage which exactly offsets their higher prospective divorce settlement. When remarriage is possible, more complex effects could occur: the reform typically alters divorce probabilities and it may affect the total surplus generated by marriage, thus either increasing both spouses' welfare or decreasing both. -- Matching ; intra-household allocations ; Becker-Coase theorem
Fatter attraction: anthropometric and socioeconomic characteristics in the marriage market by Pierre-André Chiappori( )

3 editions published between 2009 and 2010 in English and held by 16 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We construct a matching model on the marriage market along more than one characteristic, where individuals have preferences over physical attractiveness (proxied by anthropometric characteristics) and market and household productivity of potential mates (proxied by socioeconomic characteristics), with a certain degree of substitutability between them. Men and women assess each other through an index combining these various attributes, so the matching is one-dimensional. We estimate the trade-offs among these characteristics using data from the PSID and the ECHP, finding evidence of compensation between anthropometric and socioeconomic characteristics. An additional unit of husband's (wife's) BMI can be compensated by a 0.3%-increase (0.15%-increase) in husband's (wife's) average (predicted) wage. Interestingly, these findings suggest that female physical attractiveness plays a larger role in men's assessment of a woman than male physical attractiveness does for women
The economics and mathematics of aggregation : formal models of efficient group behavior by Pierre-André Chiappori( Book )

6 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The goal of this article is to provide a general characterization of group behavior in a market environment. A crucial feature of our approach is that we do not restrict the form of individual preferences or the nature of individual consumptions; we allow for public as well as private consumption, for intragroup production, and for any type of consumption externalities across group members. Our only assumption is that the group always reaches Pareto efficient decisions. We analyze two main issues. One is testability: what restrictions (if any) on the aggregate demand function characterize the efficient behavior of the group? The second question relates to identifiability; we investigate the conditions under which it is possible to recover the underlying structure -- namely, individual preferences, the decision process and the resulting intragroup transfers -- from the group's aggregate behavior
Heterogeneity and risk sharing in village economies by Pierre-André Chiappori( Book )

5 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We measure heterogeneity in risk aversion among households in Thai villages using a full risk-sharing model and complement the results with a measure based on optimal portfolio choice. Among households with relatives living in the same village, full insurance cannot be rejected, suggesting that relatives provide something close to a complete-markets consumption allocation. There is substantial heterogeneity in risk preferences estimated from the full-insurance model, positively correlated in most villages with portfolio-choice estimates. The heterogeneity matters for policy: Although the average household would benefit from eliminating village-level risk, less-risk-averse households who are paid to absorb that risk would be worse off
Intrahousehold Inequality by Pierre-André Chiappori( Book )

5 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Studies of inequality often ignore resource allocation within the household. In doing so they miss an important element of the distribution of welfare that can vary dramatically depending on overall environmental and economic factors. Thus, measures of inequality that ignore intra household allocations are both incomplete and misleading. We discuss determinants of intrahousehold allocation of resources and welfare. We show how the sharing rule, which characterizes the within household allocations, can be identified from data on household consumption and labor supply. We also argue that a measure based on estimates of the sharing rule is is inadequate as an approach that seeks to understand how welfare is distributed in the population because it ignores public goods and the allocation of time to market work, leisure and household production. We discuss a money metric alternative, that fully characterizes the utility level reached by the agent. We then review the current literature on the estimation of the sharing rule based on a number of approaches, including the use of distribution factors as well as preference restrictions
Intra-household welfare by Pierre-André Chiappori( Book )

5 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In this paper we develop an approach to measuring inequality and poverty that recognizes the fact that individuals within households may have both different preferences and differential access to resources. We argue that a measure based on estimates of the sharing rule is inadequate as an approach that seeks to understand how welfare is distributed in the population because it ignores public good and the allocation of time to market work, leisure and household production. We develop a money metric measure of welfare that accounts for public goods (by using personalized prices) household production and for the allocation of time
The marriage market, labor supply and education choice by Pierre-André Chiappori( Book )

5 editions published in 2015 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We develop an equilibrium lifecycle model of education, marriage and labor supply and consumption in a transferable utility context. Individuals start by choosing their investments in education anticipating returns in the marriage market and the labor market. They then match based on the economic value of marriage and on preferences. Equilibrium in the marriage market determines intrahousehold allocation of resources. Following marriage households (married or single) save, supply labor and consume private and public under uncertainty. Marriage thus has the dual role of providing public goods and offering risk sharing. The model is estimated using the British HPS
Matching with a handicap : the case of smoking in the marriage market by Pierre-André Chiappori( )

3 editions published in 2010 in English and German and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

We develop a matching model on the marriage market, where individuals have preferences over the smoking status of potential mates, and over their socioeconomic quality. Spousal smoking is bad for non-smokers, but it is neutral for smokers, while individuals always prefer high socioeconomic quality. Furthermore, there is a gender difference in smoking prevalence, there being more smoking men than smoking women for all education levels, so that smoking women and non-smoking men are in short supply. The model generates clear cut conditions regarding matching patterns. Using CPS data and its Tobacco Use Supplements for the years 1996 to 2007 and proxing socioeconomic status by educational attainment, we find that these conditions are satisfied. There are fewer "mixed" couples where the wife smokes than vice-versa, and matching is assortative on education among couples with identical smoking habits. Among non-smoking wives those with smoking husbands have on average 0.14 fewer years of completed education than those with non-smoking husbands. Finally, and somewhat counterintuitively, we find that among smoking husbands those who marry smoking wives have on average 0.16 more years of completed education than those with non-smoking wives. -- smoking ; education ; matching ; marriage market
 
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Competitive failures in insurance markets : theory and policy implicationsCompetitive failures in insurance markets : theory and policy implications
Alternative Names
Chiappori, P. A.

Chiappori, P.-A. 1955-

Chiappori, P. A. (Pierre-André)

Chiappori, Pierre-André 1955-

Pierre-André Chiappori Frans econoom

Pierre-André Chiappori French economist

Pierre-André Chiappori monegassischer Ökonom und Hochschullehrer

Languages
English (93)

French (11)

German (2)

Covers
Finance & sustainable development : opposition or partnership?Competitive failures in insurance markets : theory and policy implicationsThe economics and mathematics of aggregation : formal models of efficient group behavior