WorldCat Identities

Chiappori, Pierre-André

Works: 142 works in 262 publications in 3 languages and 1,148 library holdings
Genres: Conference proceedings 
Roles: Author, Editor, Creator, Redactor, Honoree
Classifications: HG8051, 368.01
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Pierre-André Chiappori
Competitive failures in insurance markets : theory and policy implications ( Book )
8 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 252 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Economics of the family by Martin Browning( Book )
8 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 162 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"The family is a complex decision unit in which partners with potentially different objectives make consumption, work, and fertility decisions. Couples marry and divorce partly based on their ability to coordinate these activities, which in turn depends on how well they are matched. This book provides a comprehensive, modern, and self-contained account of the research in the growing area of family economics. The first half of the book develops several alternative models of family decision making. Particular attention is paid to the collective model and its testable implications. The second half discusses household formation and dissolution and who marries whom. Matching models with and without frictions are analyzed and the important role of within-family transfers is explained. The implications for marriage, divorce, and fertility are discussed. The book is intended for graduate students in economics and for researchers in other fields interested in the economic approach to the family"--
Finance & sustainable development : opposition or partnership? ( Book )
5 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 109 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"Economic and financial considerations are often perceived as being antithetical to environmental concerns. Is it possible to reconcile economic development and growth with preservation of the planet and its resources? The authors of "Finance and Sustainable Development" believe reconciliation of these two seemingly opposite agendas isn't just possible - it's essential. Economic analysis of environmental problems has made considerable progress in recent decades. Growing concerns about sustainable development, and more particularly environmental and climate change, have emphasized the importance of this research. This book, an outgrowth of the December 2007 conference on 'Finance and Sustainable Development: Opposition or Partnership?' brings together many of the leading experts concerned with environmentally friendly growth. Their aim is to provide a better understanding of the long-term issues that must be considered when attempting to create any short-term solutions."
Risque et assurance by Pierre-André Chiappori( Book )
7 editions published between 1996 and 2001 in French and held by 59 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
La gestion des risques est une préoccupation constante de toutes les sociétés modernes. Les sociétés d'assurances et l'Etat constituent les principaux organismes de gestion de ces risques. Comment sélectionner ces risques ? Les personnes de santé fragile doivent-elles être pénalisées par des cotisations plus importantes ? Telles sont les questions étudiées dans cet ouvrage
Théorie microéconomique : L'Equilibre concurrentiel by François Bourguignon( Book )
3 editions published in 1992 in French and held by 57 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Heterogeneity and risk sharing in village economies ( )
4 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 36 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
We measure heterogeneity in risk aversion among households in Thai villages using a full risk-sharing model and complement the results with a measure based on optimal portfolio choice. Among households with relatives living in the same village, full insurance cannot be rejected, suggesting that relatives provide something close to a complete-markets consumption allocation. There is substantial heterogeneity in risk preferences estimated from the full-insurance model, positively correlated in most villages with portfolio-choice estimates. The heterogeneity matters for policy: Although the average household would benefit from eliminating village-level risk, less-risk-averse households who are paid to absorb that risk would be worse off
The economics and mathematics of aggregation formal models of efficient group behavior by Pierre-André Chiappori( )
5 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 30 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The goal of this article is to provide a general characterization of group behavior in a market environment. A crucial feature of our approach is that we do not restrict the form of individual preferences or the nature of individual consumptions; we allow for public as well as private consumption, for intragroup production, and for any type of consumption externalities across group members. Our only assumption is that the group always reaches Pareto efficient decisions. We analyze two main issues. One is testability: what restrictions (if any) on the aggregate demand function characterize the efficient behavior of the group? The second question relates to identifiability; we investigate the conditions under which it is possible to recover the underlying structure -- namely, individual preferences, the decision process and the resulting intragroup transfers -- from the group's aggregate behavior
Unitary versus collective models of the household : time to shift the burden of proof? by Pierre-André Chiappori( Book )
3 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 23 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The identification of preferences from equilibrium prices by Pierre-André Chiappori( Book )
18 editions published between 1999 and 2000 in English and held by 20 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
An assignment model with divorce and remarriage by Pierre-André Chiappori( )
4 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 18 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
We develop a two-sided matching model with positive sorting, divorce and remarriage. Match quality for each couple is revealed ex post and those with poor draws divorce. Competition determines lifetime expected utilities but per-period utilities depend on the laws that govern the distribution of assets upon divorce. We discuss separately cases in which remarriage is or is not feasible and cases in which commitments are or are not made. In all cases, lifetime utilities are exactly pinned down by equilibrium (stability) requirements. Moreover, ex-post Nash bargaining and ex-ante commitment yield the same non-contingent intertemporal allocations. We then analyze the impact of changes in the property division upon divorce, considering for instance a reform that favors women. The short-term impact of the reform on the allocations of already married wives is positive. However, its long-term impact on yet unmarried women is not because such a reform generates lower utility for women within marriage which exactly offsets their higher prospective divorce settlement. When remarriage is possible, more complex effects could occur: the reform typically alters divorce probabilities and it may affect the total surplus generated by marriage, thus either increasing both spouses' welfare or decreasing both. -- Matching ; intra-household allocations ; Becker-Coase theorem
Investment in schooling and the marriage market ( )
2 editions published between 2006 and 2007 in English and held by 18 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Testing contract theory : a survey of some recent work by Pierre-André Chiappori( Book )
6 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 18 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
While the theoretical literature on contracts has been enormous since the seventies, empirical tests of the theory have long remained scarce. However, new empirical work has been developed in the last ten years that sheds light on the empirical validation of the theory. This paper aims at surveying the recent empirical work on contracts. The focus throughout is on the need to properly account for unobserved heterogeneity
Bertrand and Walrus equilibria under moral hazard by Alberto Bennardo( Book )
6 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 18 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Matching with a Handicap The Case of Smoking in the Marriage Market by Pierre-André Chiappori( )
3 editions published in 2010 in English and German and held by 17 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
We develop a matching model on the marriage market, where individuals have preferences over the smoking status of potential mates, and over their socioeconomic quality. Spousal smoking is bad for non-smokers, but it is neutral for smokers, while individuals always prefer high socioeconomic quality. Furthermore, there is a gender difference in smoking prevalence, there being more smoking men than smoking women for all education levels, so that smoking women and non-smoking men are in short supply. The model generates clear cut conditions regarding matching patterns. Using CPS data and its Tobacco Use Supplements for the years 1996 to 2007 and proxing socioeconomic status by educational attainment, we find that these conditions are satisfied. There are fewer "mixed" couples where the wife smokes than vice-versa, and matching is assortative on education among couples with identical smoking habits. Among non-smoking wives those with smoking husbands have on average 0.14 fewer years of completed education than those with non-smoking husbands. Finally, and somewhat counterintuitively, we find that among smoking husbands those who marry smoking wives have on average 0.16 more years of completed education than those with non-smoking wives
Non-unitary models of household behavior: a survey of the literature by Pierre-André Chiappori( )
3 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 17 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This article considers non-unitary models of household behavior. These models suppose explicitly that households consist of a number of different members with preferences that are different from each other. They can be split up into two principal categories: cooperative (or collective) models, in which the allocations are supposed to be Pareto efficient; and non-cooperative (or strategic) models which are based on the concept of Cournot-Nash equilibrium. The demand functions that describe household behavior in these models are subject to constraints that differ from the traditional Slutsky conditions. In addition, in a certain number of specific cases, the preferences of the different household members can be identified from observable behavior. -- Households ; collective model ; strategic model ; testability ; identification
Fatter attraction: anthropometric and socioeconomic characteristics in the marriage market by Pierre-André Chiappori( )
3 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 17 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
We construct a matching model on the marriage market along more than one characteristic, where individuals have preferences over physical attractiveness (proxied by anthropometric characteristics) and market and household productivity of potential mates (proxied by socioeconomic characteristics), with a certain degree of substitutability between them. Men and women assess each other through an index combining these various attributes, so the matching is one-dimensional. We estimate the trade-offs among these characteristics using data from the PSID and the ECHP, finding evidence of compensation between anthropometric and socioeconomic characteristics. An additional unit of husband's (wife's) BMI can be compensated by a 0.3%-increase (0.15%-increase) in husband's (wife's) average (predicted) wage. Interestingly, these findings suggest that female physical attractiveness plays a larger role in men's assessment of a woman than male physical attractiveness does for women -- BMI ; height ; wages ; earnings ; marriage market
Black-White Marital Matching: Race, Anthropometrics, and Socioeconomics by Pierre-André Chiappori( )
3 editions published in 2011 in English and German and held by 17 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
We analyze the interaction of race with physical and socioeconomic characteristics in the U.S. marriage market, using the Panel Study of Income Dynamics from 1999 to 2009 for black, white, and inter-racial couples. We consider the anthropometric characteristics of both spouses, together with their wage and education, and estimate who inter-racially marries whom along these dimensions. Distinctive patterns arise by gender and race for inter-married individuals: the black women who inter-marry are the thinner and more educated in their group; instead, white women are the fatter and less educated; black or white men who inter-marry are poorer and thinner. While women in "mixed" couples find a spouse who is poorer but thinner than if they intra-married, black men match with a white woman who is more educated than if they intra-married, and a white man finds a thinner spouse in a black woman
Public goods, transferable utility and divorce laws ( )
1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 16 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The collective approach to household behaviour by François Bourguignon( Book )
8 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 13 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
... It is assumed that household members behave cooperatively by choosing an allocation of goods which lies on the Pareto frontier defined by their individual preferences and their common budget constraint--Abstract
Intrahousehold inequality by Pierre-André Chiappori( )
3 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 12 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Studies of inequality often ignore resource allocation within the household. In doing so they miss an important element of the distribution of welfare that can vary dramatically depending on overall environmental and economic factors. Thus, measures of inequality that ignore intra household allocations are both incomplete and misleading. We discuss determinants of intrahousehold allocation of resources and welfare. We show how the sharing rule, which characterizes the within household allocations, can be identified from data on household consumption and labor supply. We also argue that a measure based on estimates of the sharing rule is is inadequate as an approach that seeks to understand how welfare is distributed in the population because it ignores public goods and the allocation of time to market work, leisure and household production. We discuss a money metric alternative, that fully characterizes the utility level reached by the agent. We then review the current literature on the estimation of the sharing rule based on a number of approaches, including the use of distribution factors as well as preference restrictions
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Audience level: 0.74 (from 0.37 for Investment ... to 0.94 for Unitary ve ...)
Alternative Names
Chiappori, P. A.
Chiappori, P.-A. 1955-
Chiappori, P. A. (Pierre-André)
Chiappori, Pierre-André 1955-
English (91)
French (10)
German (2)