WorldCat Identities

Zenou, Yves

Overview
Works: 180 works in 772 publications in 3 languages and 2,504 library holdings
Roles: Publishing director, Creator, Honoree
Classifications: HD4901, 331.21091732
Publication Timeline
Key
Publications about  Yves Zenou Publications about Yves Zenou
Publications by  Yves Zenou Publications by Yves Zenou
Most widely held works by Yves Zenou
Urban labor economics by Yves Zenou ( Book )
16 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 317 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This book studies the links between urban economics and labor economics
Monnaies et systèmes monétaires by Jean Bourget ( Book )
11 editions published between 1990 and 2002 in French and held by 159 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Emploi. concurrence et concentration spatiales ( Book )
6 editions published in 1999 in French and held by 78 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Are shirking and leisure substitutable? an empirical test of efficiency wages based on urban economic theory by Stephen L Ross ( )
12 editions published between 2006 and 2008 in English and held by 46 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"Recent theoretical work has examined the spatial distribution of unemployment using the efficiency wage model as the mechanism by which unemployment arises in the urban economy. This paper extends the standard efficiency wage model in order to allow for behavioral substitution between leisure time at home and effort at work. In equilibrium, residing at a location with a long commute affects the time available for leisure at home and therefore affects the trade-off between effort at work and risk of unemployment. This model implies an empirical relationship between expected commutes and labor market outcomes, which is tested using the Public Use Microdata sample of the 2000 U.S. Decennial Census. The empirical results suggest that efficiency wages operate primarily for blue collar workers, i.e. workers who tend to be in occupations that face higher levels of supervision. For this subset of workers, longer commutes imply higher levels of unemployment and higher wages, which are both consistent with shirking and leisure being substitutable"--Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit web site
Peer effects and social networks in education by Antoni Calvó-Armengol ( )
13 editions published between 2005 and 2008 in English and held by 45 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This paper studies whether structural properties of friendship networks affect individual outcomes in education. We first develop a model that shows that, at the Nash equilibrium, the outcome of each individual embedded in a network is proportional to her Katz-Bonacich centrality measure. This measure takes into account both direct and indirect friends of each individual but puts less weight to her distant friends. We then bring the model to the data by using a very detailed dataset of adolescent friendship networks. We show that, after controlling for observable individual characteristics and unobservable network specific factors, the individual's position in a network (as measured by her Katz-Bonacich centrality) is a key determinant of her level of activity. A standard deviation increase in the Katz-Bonacich centrality increases the pupil school performance by more than 7 percent of one standard deviation. -- Centrality measure ; peer influence ; network structure ; school performance
Car ownership and the labor market of ethnic minorities by Pieter Gautier ( )
9 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 36 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
We show how small initial wealth differences between low skilled black and white workers can generate large differences in their labor-market outcomes. This even occurs in the absence of a taste for discrimination against blacks or exogenous differences in the distance to jobs. Because of the initial wealth difference, blacks cannot afford cars while whites can. Car ownership allows whites to reach more jobs per unit of time and this gives them a better bargaining position. As a result, in equilibrium, blacks end up with both higher unemployment rates and lower wages than whites. Furthermore, it takes more time for blacks to reach their jobs even though they travel less miles. Those predictions are consistent with the data. Better access to capital markets or better public transportation will reduce the differences in labor market outcomes. -- Transportation mismatch ; job search ; spatial labor markets ; multiple job centers ; ethnic minorities
Job contact networks and the ethnic minorities by Harminder Battu ( Book )
15 editions published between 2004 and 2010 in English and held by 36 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Using data from the UK Quarterly Labour Force Survey, this paper examines the job finding methods of different ethnic groups in the UK. Our empirical findings suggest that, though personal networks are a popular method of finding a job for the ethnic minorities, the foreign born and those who identify themselves as non-British, they are not necessarily the most effective either in terms of gaining employment or in terms of the level of job achieved. However, there are some important differences across ethnic groups with some groups losing out disproportionately from using personal networks
Intergenerational education transmission: neighborhood quality and/or parents' involvement? by Eleonora Patacchini ( )
9 editions published between 2004 and 2007 in English and held by 35 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"We develop a model that analyzes the impact of residential neighborhood and parents' involvement in education on children's educational attainment and test it using the UK National Child Development Study. We find that the better the quality of the neighborhood, the higher the parents' involvement in children's education, indicating cultural complementarity. For high-educated parents, the child's educational attainment is more affected by the parents' involvement than by the neighborhood quality while, for low-educated parents, the neighborhood quality seems to play the major role"--Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit web site
The racial test score gap and parental involvement in Britain by Eleonora Patacchini ( )
4 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 35 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"We investigate the racial gap in test scores between black and white students in Britain both in levels and differences across the school years. We find that there is an increasing racial gap in test scores between ages 7 and 11, and a decreasing one between ages 11 and 16. Using the richness of information of the National Child Development Study, we find that the evolution of the racial test score gap reflects the racial parenting gap. The latter can, in turn, be explained by the fact that, during this period, the social structure of black families has gone through important changes while it has remained roughly the same for white families"--Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit web site
Who's who in networks : wanted: the key player by Coralio Ballester ( Book )
10 editions published between 2004 and 2005 in English and held by 32 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
How does imperfect competition in the labour market affect unemployment policies? by Xavier Wauthy ( Book )
10 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 31 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
We consider a continuum of workers ranked according to their abilities to acquire education and two firms with different technologies that imperfectly compete in wages to attract these workers. Once employed, each worker bears an education cost proportional to his/her initial ability, this cost being higher in the high-technology firm. At the Nash equilibrium, we show that the unemployed workers are those with the lowest initial abilities. We then study different policies that subsidy either the education cost or wages and compare them. We found that the first best allocation can only be implemented by selective policies. We then analyze second best non-selective policies that do not discriminate between workers and firms and show that, in terms of welfare, subsidizing education costs or wages is strictly equivalent
Delinquent networks by Coralio Ballester ( )
7 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 31 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Delinquents are embedded in a network of relationships. Social ties among delinquents are modeled by means of a graph where delinquents compete for a booty and benefit from local interactions with their neighbors. Each delinquent decides in a non-cooperative way how much delinquency effort he will exert. Using the network model developed by Ballester et al. (2006), we characterize the Nash equilibrium and derive an optimal enforcement policy, called the key-player policy, which targets the delinquent who, once removed, leads to the highest aggregate delinquency reduction. We then extend our characterization of optimal single player network removal for delinquency reduction, the key player, to optimal group removal, the key group. We also characterize and derive a policy that targets links rather than players. Finally, we endogenize the network connecting delinquents by allowing players to join the labor market instead of committing delinquent offenses. The key-player policy turns out to be much more complex since it depends on wages and on the structure of the network. -- Social networks ; delinquency decision ; key group ; NP-hard problem ; crime policies
Search, wage posting, and urban spatial structure by Yves Zenou ( )
8 editions published between 2007 and 2010 in English and held by 30 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Social networks by Joan Martí ( )
8 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 29 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
We survey the literature on social networks by putting together the economics, sociological and physics/applied mathematics approaches, showing their similarities and differences. We expose, in particular, the two main ways of modeling network formation. While the physics/applied mathematics approach is capable of reproducing most observed networks, it does not explain why they emerge. On the contrary, the economics approach is very precise in explaining why networks emerge but does a poor job in matching real-world networks. We also analyze behaviors on networks, which take networks as given and focus on the impact of their structure on individuals' outcomes. Using a game-theoretical framework, we then compare the results with those obtained in sociology. -- Random graph ; game theory ; centrality measures ; network formation ; weak and strong ties
Search, Migration, and Urban Land Use The Case of Transportation Policies by Yves Zenou ( )
8 editions published in 2010 in English and German and held by 29 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
We develop a search-matching model with rural-urban migration and an explicit land market. Wages, job creation, urban housing prices are endogenous and we characterize the steady-state equilibrium. We then consider three different policies: a transportation policy that improves the public transport system in the city, an entry-cost policy that encourages investment in the city and a restricting-migration policy that imposes some costs on migrants. We show that all these policies can increase urban employment but the transportation policy has much more drastic effects. This is because a decrease in commuting costs has both a direct positive effect on land rents, which discourages migrants to move to the city, and a direct negative effect on urban wages, which reduces job creation and thus migration. When these two effects are combined with search frictions, the interactions between the land and the labor markets have amplifying positive effects on urban employment. Thus, improving the transport infrastructure in cities can increase urban employment despite the induced migration from rural areas
International Migration, Imperfect Information, and Brain Drain by Vianney Dequiedt ( )
7 editions published in 2011 in English and German and held by 29 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
We consider a model of international migration where skills of workers are imperfectly observed by firms in the host country and where information asymmetries are more severe for immigrants than for natives. There are two stages. In the first one, workers in the South decide whether to move and pay the migration costs. These costs are assumed to be sunk. In the second stage, firms offer wages to the immigrant and native workers who are in the country. Because of imperfect information, firms statistically discriminate high-skilled migrants by paying them at their expected productivity. The decision of whether to migrate or not depends on the proportion of high-skilled workers among the migrants. The migration game exhibits strategic complementarities, which, because of standard coordination problems, lead to multiple equilibria. We characterize them and examine how international migration affects the income of individuals in sending and receiving countries, and of migrants themselves. We also analyze under which conditions there is positive or negative self-selection of migrants
Social Networks and Interactions in Cities by Robert W Helsley ( )
8 editions published in 2011 in English and German and held by 28 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
We examine how interaction choices depend on the interplay of social and physical distance, and show that agents who are more central in the social network, or are located closer to the geographic center of interaction, choose higher levels of interactions in equilibrium. As a result, the level of interactivity in the economy as a whole will rise with the density of links in the social network and with the degree to which agents are clustered in physical space. When agents can choose geographic locations, there is a tendency for those who are more central in the social network to locate closer to the interaction center, leading to a form of endogenous geographic separation based on social distance. Finally, we show that the market equilibrium is not optimal because of social externalities. We determine the value of the subsidy to interactions that could support the first-best allocation as an equilibrium and show that interaction effort and the incentives for clustering are higher under the subsidy program
Out of sight, out of mind: migration, entrepreneurship and social capital by Jackline Wahba ( )
6 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 28 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The aim of this paper is to investigate whether return migrants are more likely to become entrepreneurs than non-migrants. We develop a theoretical search model that puts forward the trade off faced by returnees since overseas migration provides an opportunity for human and physical capital accumulation but, at the same time, may lead to a loss of social capital back home. We test the predictions of the model using data from Egypt. We find that, even after controlling for the endogeneity of the temporary migration decision, an overseas returnee is more likely to become an entrepreneur than a non-migrant. Although migrants lose their original social networks whilst overseas, savings and human capital accumulation acquired abroad over-compensate for this loss. Our results also suggest that social networks have no significant impact on becoming entrepreneurs for returnees but matter for non-migrants
Spatial versus Social Mismatch The Strength of Weak Ties by Yves Zenou ( )
8 editions published in 2011 in English and German and held by 28 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The aim of this paper is to provide a new mechanism based on social interactions explaining why distance to jobs can have a negative impact on workers' labor-market outcomes, especially ethnic minorities. Building on Granovetter's idea that weak ties are superior to strong ties for providing support in getting a job, we develop a model in which workers who live far away from jobs tend to have less connections to weak ties. Because of the lack of good public transportation in the US, it is costly (both in terms of time and money) to commute to business centers to meet other types of people who can provide other source of information about jobs. If distant minority workers mainly rely on their strong ties, who are more likely to be unemployed, there is then little chance of escaping unemployment. It is therefore the separation in both the social and physical space that prevents ethnic minorities finding a job
Social Networks and Parental Behavior in the Intergenerational Transmission of Religion by Eleonora Patacchini ( )
7 editions published in 2011 in English and German and held by 27 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
We analyze the intergenerational transmission of the strength of religion focusing on the interplay between family and peer effects. We develop a theoretical model suggesting that both peer quality and parental effort are of importance for the religious behavior of the children. We then bring the model to the data by using a very detailed dataset of adolescent friendship networks in the United States. We find that, for religious parents, the higher is the fraction of religious peers, the more parents put effort in transmitting their religiosity, indicating cultural complementarity. For non-religious parents, we obtain the reverse, indicating cultural substituability. Concerning the success in transmitting the religious trait, we find that, for religious parents, the fraction of religious peers has only an indirect effect (through parental effort) while, for non-religious parents, there is a lower indirect effect and a statistically significant and sizeable direct effect of peers on the transmission of the non-religious trait
 
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Audience level: 0.60 (from 0.39 for The racial ... to 0.76 for Emploi. co ...)
Alternative Names
Zenou, Y.
Zénou, Y. 1961-
Zenou, Y. (Yves)
Zénou, Yves 1961-
Languages
English (160)
French (17)
German (5)
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