Schwager, Mahna Thomas
Most widely held works by Mahna Thomas Schwager
Assessment in the schools : paradigms, promises, and realities by Mahna Thomas Schwager ( Book )
1 edition published in 1994 in English and held by 2 libraries worldwide
Paradigms of assessment : what is authentic assessment in your world view by Mahna Thomas Schwager ( Book )
2 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
This study explores the notion that "paradigms" are at the heart of assessment discussions, so that the paradigm from which one views assessment defines the issues involved in assessment reform differently. Three theoretical paradigms of assessment are derived from review of the literature: the teaching assessment paradigm, the measurement assessment paradigm, and the cognitive learning assessment paradigm. A broad framework of five dimensions is used to organize these paradigms: (1) the ways in which each paradigm construes the legitimate domain of assessment, (2) primary use of assessment, (3) who is deemed responsible for assessment results, (4) fairness of assessment, and (5) appropriate assessment practices. 252 teachers from 92 randomly sampled California elementary schools were surveyed concerning their background, attitudes, beliefs, and practices regarding assessment, teaching, and learning, and school and district assessment contexts. A strategy of principal nomination was used to identify teachers representing a range of assessment practices. Teachers clustered into three distinct groups on the basis of their responses to 19 attitude and belief variables. Assessment orientation groups were similar to the theoretical orientations in type and structure of attitudes and beliefs. Two of the five dimensions defined the discriminant function axes; "use" and "responsibility." Separate MANOVA's validated the clusters by assessing the effect of assessment orientation on teachers' professional practices expected to contribute to the formation of and classroom assessment practices expected to be consequences of assessment orientations. Additionally, school and district context variables were used to predict cluster membership.
Academic achievement--Evaluation California Cognitive learning theory Dissertations, Academic Educational change Educational evaluation Educational tests and measurements Educational tests and measurements--Evaluation Elementary school teaching United States University of California, Riverside.--School of Education