WorldCat Identities

Mattoo, Aaditya

Overview
Works: 279 works in 1,074 publications in 2 languages and 12,403 library holdings
Genres: Handbooks and manuals  Commercial treaties  Conference papers and proceedings 
Roles: Author, Editor, Contributor
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Aaditya Mattoo
Development, trade, and the WTO : a handbook by Bernard M Hoekman( Book )

32 editions published between 2002 and 2005 in English and held by 691 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Publisher's description: Developing countries are increasingly confronted with the need to address trade policy related issues in international agreements, most prominently the World Trade Organization (WTO). New WTO negotiations on a broad range of subjects were launched in November 2001. Determining whether and how international trade agreements can support economic development is a major challenge. Stakeholders in developing countries must be informed on the issues and understand how their interests can be pursued through international cooperation. This handbook offers guidance on the design of trade policy reform, surveys key disciplines and the functioning of the World Trade Organization (WTO), and discusses numerous issues and options that confront developing countries in using international cooperation to improve domestic policy and obtain access to export markets. Many of the issues discussed are also relevant in the context of regional integration agreements. Separate sections of the handbook summarize what constitutes sound trade policy; the major aspects of the WTO from a development perspective; policy issues in the area of merchandise trade and the liberalization of international transactions in services; protection of intellectual property rights and economic development; new regulatory subjects that are emerging in the agenda of trade talks; and enhancing participation of developing countries in the global trading system
Moving people to deliver services by Sumanta Chaudhuri( Book )

47 editions published between 2003 and 2004 in 3 languages and held by 343 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The World Trade Organization now confronts an issue that lies at the interface of two major world challenges: trade liberalization and international migration. Moving People to Deliver Services breaks new ground by examing the economic, legal, and political implications of the "temporary movement of individual service suppliers" currently being negotiated under the WTO's General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS)." "Conditions in many developed economies - ranging from aging populations to shortages of skilled labor - suggest that this may be a propitious time to put labor mobility squarely on the negotiating agenda. Yet a limited awareness of how GATS can be used to foster services trade liberalization combined with concerns about the potential for social disruption in host countries and the risk of "brain drain" in poor countries have frustrated efforts to reach a consensus." "Moving People to Deliver Services brings together contributions from service providers, regulators (including ministries of labor and justice), researchers, trade negotiators, and the private sector. They provide a broad range of perspectives on the one central question: How can service trade liberalization be accomplished in a way that benefits both home and host countries? The result is a balanced consideration of the issues surrounding WTO labor mobility negotiations at a historically critical juncture."--BOOK JACKET
Domestic regulation and service trade liberalization by Pierre Sauvé( Book )

32 editions published between 2003 and 2013 in English and held by 330 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

International barriers to services trade are deeply intertwined with national regulatory, investment, and immigration policies. Accordingly, the liberalization of trade in services is considerably more complex that the liberalization of trade in goods. Sector-specific issues abound. This book sheds much light on the challenges facing the trading community in this area, through essays from a distinguished group of authors. Services liberalization has been, and will continue to be the engine of trade liberalization, if that outcome is to occur at all. The book provides one of the best guides to services trade, and all its technicalities, ups and downs, and the future of the world trade order
India and the WTO by World Bank( Book )

22 editions published between 2003 and 2013 in English and held by 318 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This book is designed to clarify India's interests in the World Trade Organization's Doha Development Agenda and to provide a blueprint for its strategy in multilateral negotiations. The focus is on facilitating domestic and external policy reforms that can serve to bolster India's participation in the multilateral trading system and to enhance the effectiveness of India's trade and related policies in achieving developmental goals
A handbook of international trade in services by Aaditya Mattoo( Book )

25 editions published between 2007 and 2010 in English and held by 312 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This title provides a comprehensive introduction to the key issues in trade and liberalization of services. Providing a useful overview of the players involved, the barriers to trade and case studies in a number of service industries, this is ideal for policymakers and students interested in trade
Services trade and development : the experience of Zambia by Aaditya Mattoo( Book )

21 editions published between 2007 and 2012 in English and held by 199 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Some see trade in services as irrelevant to the development agenda for least developed countries (LDCs). Others see few benefits from past market openings by LDCs. This book debunks both views. It finds that serious imperfections in Zambia's reform of services trade deprived the country of significant benefits and diminished faith in liberalization. What is to be done? Move aggressively and consistently to eliminate barriers to entry and competition. Develop and enforce regulations to deal with market failures. And implement proactive policies to widen the access of firms, farms, and consumers to services of all kinds. These lessons from Zambia are applicable to all LDCs. In all this, international agreements can help. But to succeed, LDCs must commit to open markets and their trading partners must provide assistance for complementary reforms. Zambia, which leads the LDC group at the World Trade Organization, can show the way
Greenprint : a new approach to cooperation on climate change by Aaditya Mattoo( Book )

9 editions published in 2013 in English and Undetermined and held by 143 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Beleaguered by mutual recrimination between rich and poor countries, squeezed by the zero-sum arithmetic of a shrinking global carbon budget, and overtaken by shifts in economic and hence bargaining power between these countries, international cooperation on climate change has floundered. Given these three factors --which Arvind Subramanian and Aaditya Mattoo call the "narrative," "adding up," and "new world" problems --the wonder is not the current impasse; it is, rather, the belief that progress might be possible at all. In this book, the authors argue that any chance of progress must address each of these problems in a radically different way. First, the old narrative of recrimination must cede to a narrative based on recognition of common interests. Second, leaders must shift the focus away from emissions cuts to technology generation. Third, the old "cash-for-cuts" approach must be abandoned for one that requires contributions from all countries calibrated in magnitude and form to their current level of development and future prospects
Liberalizing basic telecommunications the Asian experience by Carsten Fink( Book )

16 editions published between 2001 and 2002 in English and Undetermined and held by 87 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Despite the move away from traditional public monopolies, most Asian governments are still unwilling to allow unrestricted entry in telecommunications, eliminate limits on private and foreign ownership, and establish strong, independent regulators. But where comprehensive reform has been undertaken (including privatization, competition, and regulation) the availability of main lines, the quality of service, and the productivity of labor are significantly higher
Should Credit Be Given for Autonomous Liberalization in Multilateral Trade Negotiations? by Aaditya Mattoo( Book )

16 editions published between 1999 and 2001 in English and held by 86 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

June 2000 - As each new round of multilateral trade negotiations approaches, there is a demand for a negotiating rule that would give credit for previous unilateral liberalization. The feasibility and desirability of such a rule depend on when it is instituted. As each new round of multilateral trade negotiations approaches, there is a demand for a negotiating rule that would give credit for autonomous (unilateral) liberalization. Mattoo and Olarreaga show that the feasibility and desirability of such a rule depend on when it is instituted. A credit rule established at the beginning of a round of negotiations has a primarily distributional effect, favoring those who have already undertaken liberalization. Implementing such a rule would depend on the generosity of those who have not liberalized. The authors propose instead establishing a credit rule at the end of a round of negotiations, which creates an ex ante assurance that any unilateral liberalization will receive credit in the next round. Such a rule would help induce or enhance liberalization in some countries between negotiating rounds by reducing the gains from retaining protection as negotiating currency. More strikingly, it could also lead to deeper levels of multilateral liberalization and induce other countries to go further than they would in the absence of a rule. Most important, such an ex ante rule would not rely on altruism to be generally acceptable. This paper - a product of Trade, Development Research Group - is part of a larger effort in the group to improve trade policy in goods and services. The authors may be contacted at amattoo@worldbank.org or molarreaga@worldbank.org
Exporting services : a developing country perspective by Arti Grover Goswami( Book )

11 editions published between 2011 and 2012 in English and held by 83 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The past two decades have seen exciting changes with developing countries emerging as exporters of services. Technological developments now make it easier to trade services across borders. But other avenues are being exploited: tourists visit not just to sightsee but also to be treated and educated, service providers move abroad under innovative new schemes, and some developing countries defy traditional notions by investing abroad in services. "Exporting Services: A Developing Country Perspective" takes a brave approach, combining exploratory econometric analysis with detailed case studies of representative countries: Brazil, Chile, the Arab Republic of Egypt, India, Kenya, Malaysia, and the Philippines. Two questions lead the analysis: How did these developing countries succeed in exporting services? What policy mix was successful and what strategies did not deliver the expected results? The analysis evaluates the role of three sets of factors: First, the fundamentals, which include a country's factor endowments, infrastructure, and institutional quality; second, policies affecting trade, investment, and labor mobility in services; and third, proactive policies in services designed to promote exports or investment. The case studies illustrate the complex nature of reforms and policy making in the service sector as well as the benefits of well-implemented reforms. Although success seems to be explained by a set of conditions that are difficult to replicate, common features can also be identified. Several countries have adopted policies to support exports, especially exports of information technology-related services. This resource will be valuable for policy makers, experts, and academics who are engaged in efforts to reform service and investment policies in their own country.--Résumé de l'éditeur
Unrestricted market access for Sub-Saharan Africa how much is it worth and who pays by Elena Ianchovichina( Book )

18 editions published between 2000 and 2001 in English and held by 82 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The European Union, Japan and the United States have recently announced initiatives to improve market access for the poorest countries. How would these initiatives affect Sub-Saharan Africa and the rest of the world
Mode of foreign entry, technology transfer, and FDI policy by Aaditya Mattoo( Book )

14 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 81 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

When technology transfer is costly, a foreign firm and host country government may differ in their preferences over direct entry and acquisition. Government intervention could help induce the socially preferred choice
Financial services and the World Trade Organization : liberalization commitments of the developing and transition economies by Aaditya Mattoo( Book )

10 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 79 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

September 1999 Financial services negotiations through the World Trade Organization have helped many developing and transition economies develop more stable and transparent policy regimes, and their commitments in no way compromise their ability to pursue sound macroeconomic and regulatory policies. But the Asian and Latin American participants, especially, held back on commitments to financial liberalization. And there was less emphasis on introducing competition by allowing new entry than on allowing (or maintaining) foreign equity participation and protecting the position of incumbents. Mattoo analyzes the results of the financial services negotiations under the World Trade Organization's General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS). He shows that the negotiations have contributed to more stable and transparent policy regimes in many developing and transition economies and that the commitments in no way compromise the countries' ability to pursue sound macroeconomic and regulatory policies. But even though the number of countries that participated in the eventual agreement was impressive, the liberalizing content of commitments was in many cases quite limited. Numerical estimates suggest that in general the African and Eastern European participants made much more liberal commitments than the Asian and Latin American participants. On the whole, the outcome probably reflects how each participant balances the benefit of unilateral commitments against the benefit of retaining bargaining chips for future multisectoral negotiations. Two aspects of the outcome cause concern: There has been less emphasis on introducing competition by allowing new entry than on allowing (or maintaining) foreign equity participation and protecting the position of incumbents. Where it was deemed infeasible to introduce competition immediately, participants have taken little advantage of the GATS to lend credibility to liberalization programs by precommitting to future market access. This paper - a product of Trade, Development Research Group - is part of a larger effort in the group to advance research on trade in services. The author may be contacted at amattoo@worldbank.org
Trade Policies for Electronic Commerce by Aaditya Mattoo( Book )

12 editions published between 1999 and 2000 in English and held by 70 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

June 2000 - Members of the World Trade Organization have decided provisionally to exempt electronic delivery of products from customs duties. There is growing support for the decision to be made permanent. Is this desirable? Some countries in the World Trade Organization initially opposed WTO's decision to exempt electronic delivery of products from customs duties, out of concern for the revenue consequences. Others supported the decision as a means of securing open trading conditions. Mattoo and Schuknecht argue that neither the inhibitions nor the enthusiasm are fully justified. First, even if all delivery of digitizable media products moved online - an unlikely prospect - the revenue loss for most countries would be small. More important, however, the prohibition of customs duties does not ensure continued open access for electronically delivered products and may even prompt recourse to inferior instruments of protection. Barrier-free electronic commerce would be more effectively secured by deepening and widening the limited cross-border trade commitments under the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) and by clarifying and strengthening certain GATS disciplines. This paper-a product of Trade, Development Research Group-is part of a larger effort in the group to improve trade policy for goods and services. It is part of a larger project on trade in services supported in part by the United Kingdom's Department for International Development. Aaditya Mattoo may be contacted at amattoo@worldbank.org
Regionalism in standards good or bad for trade? by Maggie Xiaoyang Chen( )

13 editions published between 2004 and 2013 in English and Undetermined and held by 70 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Regional agreements on standards have been largely ignored by economists and unconditionally blessed by multilateral trade rules. Chen and Mattoo find, theoretically and empirically, that such agreements increase trade between participating countries but not necessarily with the rest of the world. Adopting a common standard in a region--that is, harmonization--boosts exports of excluded industrial countries to the region. But it reduces exports of excluded developing countries, possibly because developing country firms are hurt more by an increase in the stringency of standards and benefit less from economies of scale in integrated markets. Mutual recognition agreements are more uniformly trade promoting unless they contain restrictive rules of origin, in which case intra-regional trade increases at the expense of trade with other, especially developing, countries. The authors propose a modification of international trade rules to strike a better balance between the interests of integrating and excluded countries. This paper--a product of the Trade Team, Development Research Group--is part of a larger effort in the group to understand the implications for trade of agreements on standards"--World Bank web site
Brain Waste? Educated Immigrants in the U.S. Labor Market by Aaditya Mattoo( )

12 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 66 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The authors investigate the occupational placement of immigrants in the U.S. labor market using census data. They find striking differences among highly educated immigrants from different countries, even after they control for individuals' age, experience, and level of education. With some exceptions, educated immigrants from Latin American and Eastern European countries are more likely to end up in unskilled jobs than immigrants from Asia and industrial countries. A large part of the variation can be explained by attributes of the country of origin that influence the quality of human capital, such as expenditure on tertiary education and the use of English as a medium of instruction. Performance is adversely affected by military conflict at home which may weaken institutions that create human capital and lower the threshold quality of immigrants. The selection effects of U.S. immigration policy also play an important role in explaining cross-country variation. The observed under-placement of educated migrants might be alleviated if home and host countries cooperate by sharing information on labor market conditions and work toward the recognition of qualifications
Can guest worker schemes reduce illegal migration ? by Aaditya Mattoo( )

12 editions published between 2006 and 2012 in English and Undetermined and held by 65 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The authors analyze recent efforts at international cooperation to limit illegal migration, particularly through the use of legal migration avenues like guest worker schemes. They show that while guest worker schemes may be desirable as an avenue of international migration, they are an inefficient instrument to induce cooperation on illegal migration. On the one hand, guest worker schemes suffer from a negative selection problem relative to illegal migration, which tends to erode their attractiveness to source countries. On the other hand, guest worker schemes increase total (legal and illegal) migration which make them a costly compensating device for the host country. Moreover, guest worker schemes create additional pressure on host countries to implement tough laws against illegal immigration even when the host finds such laws undesirable. Thus, less favorable treatment of illegal immigrants, as in California Proposition 187, may be an inevitable rather than incidental outcome of reliance on guest worker schemes. In contrast, countries that are willing to use transfers and other forms of economic assistance to induce source countries to cooperate can afford relatively liberal treatment of illegal immigrants. "--World Bank web site
Does Temporary Migration Have To Be Permanent? by Mohammad Amin( )

11 editions published between 2005 and 2012 in English and Undetermined and held by 63 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The choice between temporary and permanent migration is today central to the design of migration policies. The authors draw a distinction between the two types of migration on the basis of the associated social cost and the dynamics of learning by migrants. They find that unilateral migration policies are globally inefficient because they lead to too much permanent migration and too little temporary and overall migration. Existing international agreements on labor mobility, such as the World Trade Organization's General Agreement on Trade in Services, have failed to do better because they seek primarily to induce host countries to make commitments to allow entry. Instead, Pareto gains and more liberal migration could be achieved through multilateral agreements that enable host countries to commit to repatriation
The Africa Growth and Opportunity Act and its rules and origin : generosity undermined? by Aaditya Mattoo( Book )

20 editions published in 2002 in English and Undetermined and held by 38 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA), signed into American law on May 18, 2000, is a major plank of U.S. initiatives toward the African continent. The Act aims broadly at improving economic policymaking in Africa, enabling countries to embrace globalization, and securing durable political and economic stability. As an incentive for Africa to adopt the necessary policy reform, AGOA offers increased preferential access for African exports to the United States. This paper describes the provisions of AGOA and assesses its quantitative impact on African exports, particularly in the apparel sector. Its main conclusions are: AGOA will provide real opportunities to Africa. Even on conservative estimates about Africa's supply response, Africa's non-oil exports could be increased by about 8-11 percent. However, the medium-term gains could have been much greater if AGOA had not imposed certain conditions and not excluded certain items from its coverage. The most important condition is the stringent rule-of-origin, that is, the requirement that exporters source certain inputs from within Africa or the United States. Estimates suggest that the absence of these conditions would have magnified the impact nearly five-fold, resulting in an overall increase in non-oil exports of US$0.54 billion compared with the US$100-US$140 million increase that is expected in the presence of these restrictions. These restrictions, particularly on apparel, will come at a particularly inopportune time, as Africa will be exposed to competition from other developing countries when the quotas maintained on the latters' exports under the Multi-Fiber Arrangement (MFA) are eliminated. Africa's apparel exports will be lower by over 30 percent with the dismantling of the MFA. If, on the other hand, AGOA had provided unrestricted access, the negative impact of the dismantling could be nearly fully offset. This paper--a product of Trade, Development Research Group--is part of a larger effort in the group to assess the implications of preferential access for developing countries
The global trade slowdown cyclical or structural? by Cristina Constantinescu( )

10 editions published between 2014 and 2015 in English and Undetermined and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper focuses on the sluggish growth of world trade relative to income growth in recent years. The analysis uses an empirical strategy based on an error correction model to assess whether the global trade slowdown is structural or cyclical. An estimate of the relationship between trade and income in the past four decades reveals that the long-term trade elasticity rose sharply in the 1990s, but declined significantly in the 2000s even before the global financial crisis. These results suggest that trade is growing slowly not only because of slow growth of gross domestic product, but also because of a structural change in the trade-gross domestic product relationship in recent years. The available evidence suggests that the explanation may lie in the slowing pace of international vertical specialization rather than increasing protection or the changing composition of trade and gross domestic product
 
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Development, trade, and the WTO : a handbook
Alternative Names
Aaditya Mattoo economist (World Bank Group)

Aaditya Mattoo Wirtschaftswissenschaftler (World Bank Group)

Mattoo, A. 1961-

Languages
English (353)

Chinese (1)

Covers
Moving people to deliver servicesDomestic regulation and service trade liberalizationIndia and the WTOA handbook of international trade in servicesServices trade and development : the experience of Zambia