WorldCat Identities

Combes, Pierre-Philippe

Works: 62 works in 224 publications in 3 languages and 1,077 library holdings
Roles: Author, Redactor, Contributor, Thesis advisor
Classifications: HF1025, 330.9
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Pierre-Philippe Combes
Economic geography : the integration of regions and nations by Pierre-Philippe Combes( Book )

18 editions published between 2006 and 2011 in English and French and held by 488 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Economic Geography is the most complete, up-to-date textbook available on the important new field of spatial economics. This book fills a gap by providing advanced undergraduate and graduate students with the latest research and methodologies in an accessible and comprehensive way. It is an indispensable reference for researchers in economic geography, regional and urban economics, international trade, and applied econometrics, and can serve as a resource for economists in government. The book presents advances in economic theory that explain why, despite the increasing mobility of commodities, ideas, and people, the diffusion of economic activity is very unequal and remains agglomerated in a limited number of spatial entities. The book complements theoretical analysis with detailed discussions of the empirics of the economics of agglomeration, offering a mix of theoretical and empirical research that gives a unique perspective on spatial disparities. It reveals how location continues to matter for trade and economic development, yet how economic integration is transforming the global economy into an economic space in which activities are performed within large metropolitan areas exchanging goods, skills, and information
Aménagement du territoire by France( Book )

3 editions published in 2001 in French and held by 120 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Métropoles et dynamiques entrepreneuriales by Pierre-Philippe Combes( Book )

3 editions published in 2014 in French and held by 37 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Labour pooling, labour poaching and spatial clustering by Pierre-Philippe Combes( Book )

12 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 30 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

When firms cluster in the same local labour market, they face a trade-off between the benefits of labour pooling (i.e., access to workers whose knowledge helps reduce costs) and the costs of labour poaching (i.e., loss of some key workers to competition and the indirect effect of a higher wage bill to retain the others). We explore this trade-off in a duopoly game. Depending on market size and on the degree of horizontal differentiation between products, we characterize the strategic choices of firms regarding locations, wages, poaching and prices. Our results show that co-location, although it is always efficient, is not in general the equilibrium outcome
Can business and social networks explain the border effect puzzle? by Pierre-Philippe Combes( Book )

10 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 25 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

McCallum (1995) a montré, dans une contribution influente, que l'existence de frontières réduit fortement le volume d'échanges entre pays. Obstfeld et Rogoff (2000) ont présenté cet effet frontière sur le commerce comme l'une des énigmes majeures de la macro-économie internationale. La compréhension de cette énigme a récemment progressé dans plusieurs directions. Mis à part les progrès concernant les problèmes méthodologiques, les avancées récentes ont surtout concerné des explications à l'impact des frontières politiques (internationales). L'explication touchant aux unions monétaires, comme toute explication reposant sur l'existence d'un coût de transaction spécifiquement international (comme les barrières protectionnistes), ne peut constituer une explication complète de l'impact des frontières sur les échanges commerciaux. En effet, comme Wolf (1997, 2000) l'a d'abord montré, les frontières administratives (intra-nationales) semblent aussi avoir un impact sur le commerce. Nous étudions dans cet article une explication possible de ces effets frontières intra-nationaux. Si l'existence de réseaux d'affaires et de réseaux sociaux contribuent à augmenter les échanges comme le souligne Rauch (2001), cela peut fournir une explication de l'existence d'effet frontière car les réseaux sont certainement plus denses et faciles à entretenir sur des distances courtes et donc à l'intérieur des frontières administratives. Nous utilisons des données sur les flux bilatéraux entre 94 départements français, pour 66 secteurs et 2 années (1978 et 1993) afin d'étudier l'ampleur et les variations au cours du temps et entre secteurs des effets frontières intra-nationaux. Les frontières départementales semblent avoir un impact sur les flux de marchandises en France, l'impact des frontières départementales est du même ordre de grandeur que celui des frontières séparant les Etats américains et étudiées dans Wolf (2000). Plus de 60% de ces effets frontières intra-nationaux peuvent être expliqués par la composition de l'emploi en termes de lieu de naissance (les réseaux sociaux) ou par les connections financières entre établissements (réseaux d'affaires). Les deux types de réseaux pris séparément font chuter le coefficient d'effet frontière de 50% environ. Après contrôle des deux types de réseaux, nos estimations montrent qu'un département français commerce "seulement" deux fois plus avec lui-même qu'avec un département non limitrophe de taille et à distance similaire. Les réseaux sociaux et d'affaires sont donc des déterminants importants des échanges sur le territoire français, ce qui correspond aux résultats obtenus pour les échanges internationaux (Rauch, 2001). Enfin ces effets émergent dans presque tous les secteurs identifiés, avec une intensité relativement stable
The dynamics of local employment in France by Pierre-Philippe Combes( Book )

9 editions published between 2003 and 2004 in English and held by 20 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The spatial distribution of economic activities in the EU by Pierre-Philippe Combes( Book )

8 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 19 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Abstract This paper considers the spatial distribution of economic activities in the European Union. It has three main aims. (i) To describe the data that is available in the EU and give some idea of the rich spatial data sets that are fast becoming available at the national level. (ii) To present descriptive evidence on the location of aggregate activity and particular industries and to consider how these location patterns are changing over time. (iii) To consider the nature of the agglomeration and dispersion forces that determine these patterns and to contrast them to forces acting elsewhere, in particular the US. Our survey suggests that much has been achieved in the wave of empirical work that has occurred in the past decade, but that much work remains to be done"--London School of Economics web site
Core-periphery patterns of generalized transport costs : France, 1978-98 by Pierre-Philippe Combes( Book )

6 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 19 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Transport costs decline and regional inequalities : evidence from France by Pierre-Philippe Combes( Book )

7 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 18 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This Paper first develops a tractable economic geography model we use to investigate the decline of transport costs as a cause of regional inequalities. Next, we perform a structural estimation of this model using a new dataset on road transport costs between the 341 French Employment Areas. We find that intermediate inputs and geographical features play a critical role in the concentration pattern of French economic activities. Estimations being consistent with plausible values for the structural parameters of the model, we finally provide simulations of French local sectoral employment and production conditions. We find a very strong core-periphery structure of short-run profits, which means that large concentration incentives exist in France. By contrast, a short-run analysis of the impact of a transport costs decline reveals that whereas dispersive forces become prevalent at the country level, agglomeration incentives strenghtens specialization within a large number of the French regions. As regards profits, the emergence of a duo-centric structure confirms such a feature
Agglomeration and the adjustment of the spatial economy by Pierre-Philippe Combes( Book )

10 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 17 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We consider the literatures on urban systems and New Economic Geography to examine questions concerning agglomeration and how areas respond to shocks to the economic environment. We first propose a diagrammatic framework to compare the two approaches. We then use this framework to study a number of extensions and to consider several policy relevant issues
The dynamics of local employment in france by Pierre-Philippe Combes( )

1 edition published in 2004 in German and held by 15 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Spatial wage disparities : sorting matters! by Pierre-Philippe Combes( Book )

5 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 13 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The productivity advantages of large cities: distinguishing agglomeration from firm selection( Book )

10 editions published between 2009 and 2012 in English and German and held by 13 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Firms are more productive on average in larger cities. Two main explanations have been offered: firm selection (larger cities toughen competition, allowing only the most productive to survive) and agglomeration economies (larger cities promote interactions that increase productivity), possibly reinforced by localised natural advantage. To distinguish between them, we nest a generalised version of a tractable firm selection model and a standard model of agglomeration. Stronger selection in larger cities left-truncates the productivity distribution whereas stronger agglomeration right-shifts and dilates the distribution. Using this prediction, French establishment level data, and a new quantile approach, we show that firm selection cannot explain spatial productivity differences. This result holds across sectors, city size thresholds, establishment samples, and area definitions
Sorting and local wage and skill distributions in France( Book )

8 editions published in 2012 in English and German and held by 12 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper provides descriptive evidence about the distribution of wages and skills in denser and less dense employment areas in France. We confirm that on average, workers in denser areas are more skilled. There is also strong overrepresentation of workers with particularly high and low skills in denser areas. These features are consistent with patterns of migration including negative selection of migrants to less dense areas and positive selection towards denser areas. Nonetheless migration, even in the longrun, accounts for little of the skill differences between denser and less dense areas. Finally, we find marked differences across age groups and some suggestions that much of the skill differences across areas can be explained by differences between occupational groups rather than within
Do large departments make academics more productive? : agglomeration and peer effects in research by Clément Bosquet( Book )

7 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We study the effect of a large set of department characteristics on individual publication records. We control for many individual time-varying characteristics, individual fixed-effects and reverse causality. Department characteristics have an explanatory power that can be as high as that of individual characteristics. The departments that generate most externalities are those where academics are homogeneous in terms of publication performance and have diverse research fields, and, to a lesser extent, large departments, with more women, older academics, star academics and foreign co-authors. Department specialisation in a field also favours publication in that field. More students per academic does not penalise publication. At the individual level, women and older academics publish less, while the average publication quality increases with average number of authors per paper, individual field diversity, number of published papers and foreign co-authors
Estimating agglomeration economies with history, geology, and worker effects( Book )

6 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Costs of agglomeration : land prices in French cities by Pierre-Philippe Combes( Book )

8 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We develop a new methodology to estimate the elasticity of urban costs with respect to city population using French land price data. Our preferred estimate, which handles a number of estimation concerns, stands at 0.041. Our approach also yields a number of intermediate outputs of independent interest such as a distance gradient for land prices and the elasticity of unit land prices with respect to city population. For the latter, our preferred estimate is 0.72
Product complexity, quality of institutions and the pro-trade effect of immigrants by Anthony Briant( Book )

5 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Gender and competition : evidence from academic promotions in France by Clément Bosquet( Book )

10 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Differences in promotion across genders are still prevalent in many occupations. Recent work based on experimental evidence indicates that women participate less in or exert lower effort during contests. We exploit the unique features of the promotion system for French academics to look at women's attitudes towards competition in an actual labour market. Using data for academic economists over the period 1991-2008 we find that, conditional on entering the competition, there is no difference in promotions across the genders, which is difficult to reconcile with either discrimination or a poorer performance of women in contests. In contrast, women have a substantially lower probability than men to enter the promotion contest. Our data does not support that this gap is due to differences in costs or in preferences concerning department prestige, indicating that women are less willing than men to take part in contests
Dots to boxes : do the size and shape of spatial units jeopardize economic geography estimations? by Anthony Briant( Book )

5 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

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  Kids General Special  
Audience level: 0.79 (from 0.71 for Economic g ... to 0.93 for The dynami ...)

Economic geography : the integration of regions and nations
Alternative Names
Combes, P. P. 1969-

Combes, P.-Ph. 1969-

English (139)

French (9)

German (3)