WorldCat Identities

Patacchini, Eleonora

Overview
Works: 38 works in 113 publications in 2 languages and 337 library holdings
Roles: Author, Creator
Classifications: HD5764.A6, 331.12042094
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Eleonora Patacchini
Peer effects and social networks in education by Antoni Calvó-Armengol( )
11 editions published between 2005 and 2008 in English and held by 45 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This paper studies whether structural properties of friendship networks affect individual outcomes in education. We first develop a model that shows that, at the Nash equilibrium, the outcome of each individual embedded in a network is proportional to her Katz-Bonacich centrality measure. This measure takes into account both direct and indirect friends of each individual but puts less weight to her distant friends. We then bring the model to the data by using a very detailed dataset of adolescent friendship networks. We show that, after controlling for observable individual characteristics and unobservable network specific factors, the individual's position in a network (as measured by her Katz-Bonacich centrality) is a key determinant of her level of activity. A standard deviation increase in the Katz-Bonacich centrality increases the pupil school performance by more than 7 percent of one standard deviation. -- Centrality measure ; peer influence ; network structure ; school performance
Social Networks and Parental Behavior in the Intergenerational Transmission of Religion by Eleonora Patacchini( )
7 editions published in 2011 in English and German and held by 29 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
We analyze the intergenerational transmission of the strength of religion focusing on the interplay between family and peer effects. We develop a theoretical model suggesting that both peer quality and parental effort are of importance for the religious behavior of the children. We then bring the model to the data by using a very detailed dataset of adolescent friendship networks in the United States. We find that, for religious parents, the higher is the fraction of religious peers, the more parents put effort in transmitting their religiosity, indicating cultural complementarity. For non-religious parents, we obtain the reverse, indicating cultural substitutability. Concerning the success in transmitting the religious trait, we find that, for religious parents, the fraction of religious peers has only an indirect effect (through parental effort) while, for non-religious parents, there is a lower indirect effect and a statistically significant and sizeable direct effect of peers on the transmission of the non-religious trait
Active labor market policies in Europe performance and perspectives by Jochen Kluve( )
3 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 23 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Measures of Active Labor Market Policy - such as training, public employment measures, and job search assistance - are widely used in European countries to combat unemployment. Little, however, is known about what each country can learn from experiences in other countries. This study aims to provide an insight on this important policy issue
Mismatch, transport mode and search decisions in England by Eleonora Patacchini( Book )
5 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 20 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Intergenerational education transmission : neighbourhood quality and/or parents' involvement by Eleonora Patacchini( Book )
7 editions published between 2004 and 2007 in English and held by 20 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"We develop a model that analyzes the impact of residential neighborhood and parents' involvement in education on children's educational attainment and test it using the UK National Child Development Study. We find that the better the quality of the neighborhood, the higher the parents' involvement in children's education, indicating cultural complementarity. For high-educated parents, the child's educational attainment is more affected by the parents' involvement than by the neighborhood quality while, for low-educated parents, the neighborhood quality seems to play the major role"--Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit web site
The racial test score gap and parental involvement in Britain by Eleonora Patacchini( )
3 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 19 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"We investigate the racial gap in test scores between black and white students in Britain both in levels and differences across the school years. We find that there is an increasing racial gap in test scores between ages 7 and 11, and a decreasing one between ages 11 and 16. Using the richness of information of the National Child Development Study, we find that the evolution of the racial test score gap reflects the racial parenting gap. The latter can, in turn, be explained by the fact that, during this period, the social structure of black families has gone through important changes while it has remained roughly the same for white families"--Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit web site
Search intensity, cost of living and local labour markets in Britain by Eleonora Patacchini( Book )
6 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 19 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Ethnic networks and employment outcomes by Eleonora Patacchini( )
3 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 18 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The racial test score gap and parental involvement in Britain ( )
1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 17 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Racial identity and education by Eleonora Patacchini( Book )
8 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 15 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"We investigate the sources of differences in school performance between students of different races by focusing on identity issues. We find that having a higher percentage of same-race friends has a positive effect of white teenagers' test score while having a negative effect on blacks' test scores. However, the higher the education level of a black teenager's parent, the lower this negative effect, while for whites, it is the reverse. It is thus the combination of the choice of friends (which is a measure of own identity) and the parent's education that are responsible for the difference in education attainment between students of different races but also between students of the same race. One interesting aspects of this paper is to provide a theoretical model that grounds the instrumental variable approach used in the empirical analysis to deal with endogeneity issues"--Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit web site
The dynamics of racial test score gap during the school years in Britain by Eleonora Patacchini( Book )
7 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 14 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Ethnicity and spatial externalities in crime by Eleonora Patacchini( Book )
4 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 14 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Peer effects in education, sport, and screen activities : local aggregate or local average? by Xiaodong Liu( Book )
4 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 13 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
We develop two different social network models with different economic foundations. In the local-aggregate model, it is the sum of friends' efforts in some activity that affects the utility of each individual while, in the local-average model, it is costly to deviate from the average effort of friends. Even though the two models are fundamentally different in terms of behavioral foundation, their implications in terms of Nash equilibrium are relatively close since only the adjacency (social interaction) matrix differs in equilibrium, one being the row-normalized version of the other. We test these alternative mechanisms of social interactions to study peer effects in education, sport and screen activities for adolescents in the United States using the AddHealth data. We extend Kelejian's (2008) J test for spatial econometric models helping differentiate between these two behavioral models. We find that peer effects are not significant for screen activities (like e.g. video games). On the contrary, for sport activities, we find that students are mostly influenced by the aggregate activity of their friends (local-aggregate model) while, for education, we show that both the aggregate performance at school of friends and conformism matter, even though the magnitude of the effect is higher for the latter
Systemic risk and network formation in the interbank market by Ethan Cohen-Cole( Book )
5 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 12 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
We propose a novel mechanism to facilitate understanding of systemic risk in financial markets. The literature on systemic risk has focused on two mechanisms, common shocks and domino-like sequential default. Our approach is a formal model that provides an intellectual combination of the two by looking at how shocks propagate through a network of interconnected banks. Transmission in our model is not based on default. Instead, we provide a simple microfoundation of banks' profitability based on classic competition incentives. As competitors lending quantities change, both for closely connected ones and the whole market, banks adjust their own lending decisions as a result, generating a t̀ransmission' of shocks through the system. We provide a unique equilibrium characterization of a static model, and embed this model into a full dynamic model of network formation with n agents. Because we have an explicit characterization of equilibrium behavior, we have a tractable way to bring the model to the data. Indeed, our measures of systemic risk capture the propagation of shocks in a wide variety of contexts; that is, it can explain the pattern of behavior both in good times as well as in crisis
Student networks and long-run educational outcomes : the strength of strong ties by Eleonora Patacchini( Book )
5 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 11 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The aim of this paper is to investigate and understand the effect of high-school friends on years of schooling. We develop a simple network model where students first choose their friends and then decide how much effort they put in education. The empirical salience of the model is tested using the four waves of the AddHealth data by looking at the impact of school peers nominated in the first two waves in 1994-1995 and in 1995-1996 on the educational outcome of teenagers reported in the fourth wave in 2007-2008 (when adult). We find that there are strong and persistent peer effects in education but peers tend to be influential only when they are strong ties (friends in both wave I and II) and not when they are weak ties (friend in one wave only). We also find that this is not true in the short run since both weak and strong ties tend to influence current grades
Unexplored dimensions of discrimination in Europe : homosexuality and physical appearance by Eleonora Patacchini( Book )
5 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 11 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
We study labor-market discrimination of individuals with specific characteristics in Italy. We conduct a field experiment in two Italian cities: Rome and Milan, by sending fake CVs to real ads. We find that there is a strong penalty for homosexuals, i.e. about 30% less chance to be called back compared to an heterosexual male and even more so if they are highly skilled. On the other hand, we find no penalty for homosexual females. We also find a beauty premium for females only but this premium is much lower when the "pretty" woman is skilled
Unobservable factors and panel data sets : an investigation in the labour market by Eleonora Patacchini( Book )
4 editions published between 2002 and 2004 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Criminal networks : who is the key player? by Lung-fei Lee( Book )
4 editions published between 2011 and 2012 in English and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
We analyze delinquent networks of adolescents in the United States. We develop a dynamic network formation model showing who the key player is, i.e. the criminal who once removed generates the highest possible reduction in aggregate crime level. We then structurally estimate our model using data on criminal behaviors of adolescents in the United States (AddHealth data). Compared to other criminals, key players are more likely to be a male, have less educated parents, are less attached to religion and feel socially more excluded. We also find that, even though some criminals are not very active in criminal activities, they can be key players because they have a crucial position in the network in terms of betweenness centrality
Are Muslim immigrants different in terms of cultural integration? by Alberto Bisin( Book )
2 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Is there an urban wage premium in Italy? by Sabrina Di Addario( Book )
1 edition published in 2006 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
 
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Alternative Names
Patacchini, E.
Patacchini, E. (Eleonora)
Patacchini, Elenora
Patacchini, Elenora 1975-
Languages
English (94)
German (1)