WorldCat Identities

Kluve, Jochen

Works: 102 works in 249 publications in 2 languages and 1,381 library holdings
Roles: Author, Creator, Contributor, Editor
Classifications: HD5764.A6, 331.12042094
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Jochen Kluve
Active labor market policies in Europe : performance and perspectives by Jochen Kluve( Book )

17 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 132 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Measures of Active Labor Market Policy - such as training, wage subsidies, public employment measures, and job search assistance - are widely used in European countries to combat unemployment. Little, however, is known about what each country can learn from experiences in other countries. This study provides novel insight on this important policy issue by discussing the role of the European Commission's Employment Strategy, reviewing the experiences made in European states, and giving the first ever quantitative assessment of the
Active Labor Market Policy Evaluations - A Meta Analysis by David E Card( )

19 editions published between 2009 and 2010 in English and held by 57 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper presents a meta-analysis of recent microeconometric evaluations of active labor market policies. Our sample consists of 199 program estimates drawn from 97 studies conducted between 1995 and 2007. In about one-half of these cases we have both a short-term impact estimate (for a one-year post-program horizon) and a medium-term estimate (two-year horizon). We characterize the program estimates according to the type and duration of the program, the characteristics of the participants, and the evaluation methodology. Heterogeneity in all three dimensions affects the likelihood that an impact estimate is significantly positive, significantly negative, or statistically insignificant. Comparing program types, subsidized public sector employment programs have the least favorable impact estimates. Job search assistance programs have relatively favorable short-run impacts, whereas classroom and on-the-job training programs tend to show better outcomes in the medium-run than the short-run. Programs for youths are less likely to yield positive impacts than untargeted programs, but there are no large or systematic differences by gender. Methodologically, we find that the outcome variable used to measure program effectiveness matters. Evaluations based on registered unemployment durations are more likely to show favorable short-term impacts. Controlling for the outcome measure, and the type of program and participants, we find that experimental and non-experimental studies have similar fractions of significant negative and significant positive impact estimates, suggesting that the research designs used in recent non-experimental evaluations are unbiased. -- Active labor market policy ; program evaluation ; meta-analysis
Active labour market policies in Poland : human capital enhancement, stigmatization or benefit churning? by Jochen Kluve( Book )

18 editions published between 1998 and 1999 in English and held by 50 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper provides micro-econometric evidence on the effectiveness of Active Labor Market Policies (ALMP) in Poland. We sketch the theoretical framework of matching estimators as a substitute for randomization in labor market programs. Using retrospective data from the 18th wave of the Polish Labor Force Survey we implement a conditional difference-in-differences matching estimator of treatment effects. Treatment and control groups are matched over individual observable characteristics and pre-treatment labor market histories to minimize bias from unobserved heterogeneity. We also require that observations on controls are from the same regional labor market and from an identical phase of the transition cycle. Considering as the outcome a multinomial variable of labor market status, our first important finding suggests that training of men and women has a positive effect on the employment probability. For men public works and intervention works have negative treatment effects, while participation in intervention works does not affect women's employment probabilities. We attribute the negative treatment effects for men to benefit churning rather than to stigmatization of intervention and public works participants
Disentangling treatment effects of Polish active labour market policies : evidence from matched samples by Jochen Kluve( Book )

15 editions published between 2000 and 2002 in English and held by 44 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Causal effects of European active labor market policy foundations and empirics by Jochen Kluve( )

5 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 43 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Evaluating continuous training programs using the generalized propensity score by Jochen Kluve( )

9 editions published between 2007 and 2011 in English and held by 38 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The paper assesses the heterogeneity of treatment effects arising from variation in the duration of training. We use German administrative data that have the extraordinary feature that the amount of treatment varies continuously from 10 days to 395 days (i.e. 13 months). This feature allows us to estimate a continuous dose- response function that relates each value of the dose, i.e. days of training, to the individual post-treatment probability of employment (the response). The dose-response function is estimated after adjusting for covariate imbalance by using the generalized propensity score, which is a recently developed method for covariate adjustment under continuous treatment regimes. Our data have the advantage that we can consider both the actual and the planned durations of training as treatment variables: if only actual durations are observed, treatment effect estimates may be biased because of endogenous exits. Our results indicate an increasing dose-response function for treatments of up to 120 days, which then flattens out, i.e. longer training programmes do not seem to add an additional treatment effect
Was hat die Reform der Minijobs bewirkt? : Erfahrungen nach einem Jahr by Michael Fertig( Book )

5 editions published in 2005 in German and held by 37 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Hauptbeschreibung Viel wird über die ""Hartz-Reformen"" und ihre Effekte spekuliert, aber es gibt bislang so gut wie keine aussagekräftigen Belege, auf die sich derartige Schlussfolgerungen stützen können. Auch wenn sich viele Wirkungen erst im Zeitablauf richtig entfalten werden, besteht doch die Möglichkeit zu einer ersten Zwischenbilanz für Komponenten, die bereits umgesetzt sind. Eine solche ist die Neuregelung bei Minijobs, die zum 1. April 2003 in Kraft trat. Die Untersuchung beinhaltet damit die erste fundierte Analyse für diesen Bereich. Sie knüpft an das umfassende Evaluier
Now Daddy's Changing Diapers and Mommy's Making Her Career - Evaluating a Generous Parental Leave Regulation Using a Natural Experiment by Jochen Kluve( )

6 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 35 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Over the last decades many OECD countries introduced parental leave regulations in order to counteract low and decreasing birth rates. In general, these regulations aim at making parenthood more attractive and more compatible with a working career, especially for women. The recent German Elterngeld reform is one example: By replacing 67 per cent of prepartum parental labor earnings for up to 14 months after birth of the child - if both father and mother take up the transfer - it intends to i) smooth or prevent households' earnings decline postpartum, ii) make childbearing attractive for working women while iii) keeping them close to the labor market, and iv) incentivize fathers to participate in childcare. We evaluate the reform by using a natural experiment created by the quick legislative process of the Elterngeld reform: Comparing outcomes of parents with children born shortly after and before the coming into effect of the law on 1 January 2007 yields unbiased estimates of the reform effects, because at the time when these children were conceived none of the parents knew that the regulation would be in force by the time their child is born. Our results are based on unique data from the official evaluation of the reform, which we conducted for the German government, and they show that the reform has been generally successful in attaining its objectives. In particular, we find a significant decrease in mothers' employment probability during the 12 months after giving birth, and a significant increase in mothers' employment probability after the Elterngeld transfer expires. -- Parental leave ; natural experiment ; female labor market participation
Impacts of Rural Electrification in Rwanda by Gunther Bensch( )

5 editions published in 2011 in English and German and held by 34 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Rural electrification is believed to contribute to the achievement of the MDG. In this paper, we investigate electrification impacts on different indicators. We use household data that we collected in Rwanda in villages with and without electricity access. We account for self-selection and regional differences by using households from the electrified villages to estimate the probability to connect for all households - including those in the non-electrified villages. Based on these probabilities we identify counterfactual households and find robust evidence for positive effects on lighting usage. Effects on income and children's home studying become insignificant if regional differences are accounted for. -- rural electrification ; energy access ; impact evaluation ; matching ; difference-in-difference
Fiscal effects of minimum wages an analysis for Germany( )

3 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 34 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Against the background of the current discussion on the introduction of statutory minimum wages in Germany, this paper analyzes the potential employment and fiscal effects of such a policy. Based on estimated labor demand elasticities obtained from a structural labor demand model, the empirical results imply that the introduction of minimum wages in Germany will be associated with significant employment losses that are concentrated among marginal and low- and semi-skilled full-time workers. Even though minimum wages will lead to increased public revenues from income taxes and social security benefits, they will result in a significant fiscal burden, due to increased expenditures for unemployment benefits and decreased revenues from corporate taxes. -- Minimum wages ; employment ; public budget ; fiscal effects
Active labor market policies in Europe : performance and perspectives : with 28 tables( Book )

2 editions published between 2007 and 2010 in English and held by 28 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

On the role of counterfactuals in inferring causal effects of treatments by Jochen Kluve( Book )

9 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 25 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Causal inference in the empirical sciences is based on counterfactuals. This paper presents the counterfactual account of causation in terms of Lewis's possible-world semantics, and reformulates the statistical potential outcome framework and its underlying assumptions using counterfactual conditionals. I discuss varieties of causally meaningful counterfactuals for the case of a finite number of treatments, and illustrate these using a simple settheoretical framework. The paper proceeds to examine proximity relations between possible worlds, and discusses implications for empirical practice
Gender wage differentials and the occupational injury risk evidence from Germany and the US by Jochen Kluve( )

2 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 19 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Labor Force Status Dynamics in the German Labor Market - Individual Heterogeneity and Cyclical Sensitivity by Jochen Kluve( )

2 editions published between 2006 and 2009 in English and held by 19 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The aggregate average unemployment rate in a given country is essentially the result of individual workers' transitions between the three core labor force states, employment, unemployment, and inactivity. The dynamics of these transitions depend both on individual duration in a particular state and the transition probabilities between states. Individual transitions, in turn, depend on personal characteristics, i.e. observable sociodemographic attributes and unobserved factors. Simultaneously, person-specific dynamics may be influenced by swings of the business cycle that differentially affect the likelihood of individual transitions. This paper analyzes these labor force status dynamics for the German labor market using comprehensive data on monthly transitions from the GSOEP, covering the time periods 1983-2003 for West Germany, and 1992-2003 for East Germany. For 18 demographic cells defined by sex, 3 age categories, and 3 education categories, the model uses loading factors to translate unobserved shocks to the labor market into observed cellspecific unemployment rates as well as bilateral transition probabilities between all states. This approach allows us to distinguish individual heterogeneity and cyclical volatility in describing labor force status flows. The results show that the experience of high unemployment rates is more sensitive to cyclical behavior for certain demographic groups, specifically unskilled and young workers. Heterogeneity in unemployment and transition rates differs between East and West Germany, as well as between the sexes. In East Germany, all demographic cells are almost entirely detached from the cycle. The unemployment structure of West German women is rather homogenous across age and education, in contrast to men and East-German women. The decisive component of the heterogeneity in unemployment dynamics is the re-employment rate
Training + Temp Work=Stepping Stone? Evaluating an Innovative Activation Program for Disadvantaged Youths by Christoph Ehlert( )

1 edition published in 2011 in English and held by 18 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The effectiveness of European active labor market policy by Jochen Kluve( )

3 editions published in 2006 in English and German and held by 18 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Measures of Active Labor Market Policy are widely used in European countries, but despite many econometric evaluation studies no conclusive cross-country evidence exists regarding "what program works for what target group under what (economic and institutional) circumstances?". This paper results from an extensive research project for the European Commission aimed at answering that question using a meta-analytical framework. The empirical results are surprisingly clear-cut: Rather than contextual factors such as labor market institutions or the business cycle, it is almost exclusively the program type that matters for program effectiveness. While direct employment programs in the public sector appear detrimental, wage subsidies and "Services and Sanctions" can be effective in increasing participants' employment probability. -- Active Labor Market Policy ; program evaluation ; meta analysis
Die Wirksamkeit aktiver Arbeitsmarktpolitik in Europa challenges for German nursing homes by Jochen Kluve( )

2 editions published in 2006 in German and held by 18 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Qualifikation + Leiharbeit = Klebeeffekt? : die (Wieder- )Eingliederung benachteiligter Jugendlicher in den Arbeitsmarkt by Ulrich Brinkmann( Book )

2 editions published in 2011 in German and held by 18 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

HauptbeschreibungDer Band dokumentiert ein Modellprojekt, dessen Ziel es war, Jugendliche mit Vermittlungshemmnissen durch eine Kombination von Leiharbeitseinsätzen, Qualifikationsphasen und individuellem Coaching in den Arbeitsmarkt zu integrieren. Das Projekt wurde in mehreren SGB-II-ARGEn in Kooperation mit einem überregionalen Leiharbeitsunternehmen durchgeführt. Die einführenden Standortanalysen geben einen Überblick über Situation und Entwicklung der lokalen Arbeitsmärkte in den Untersuchungsregionen. Die folgenden Implementationsstudien beschreiben das Zusammenwirken der Elemente Zeitar
US-Euro Area Monetary Policy Interdependence - New Evidence from Taylor Rule Based VECMs by David E Card( )

1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 18 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

What works? a meta analysis of recent active labor market program evaluations by David E Card( Book )

7 editions published in 2015 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We present a meta-analysis of impact estimates from over 200 recent econometric evaluations of active labor market programs from around the world. We classify estimates by program type and participant group, and distinguish between three different post-program time horizons. Using meta-analytic models for the effect size of a given estimate (for studies that model the probability of employment) and for the sign and significance of the estimate (for all the studies in our sample) we conclude that: (1) average impacts are close to zero in the short run, but become more positive 2-3 years after completion of the program; (2) the time profile of impacts varies by type of program, with larger gains for programs that emphasize human capital accumulation; (3) there is systematic heterogeneity across participant groups, with larger impacts for females and participants who enter from long term unemployment; (4) active labor market programs are more likely to show positive impacts in a recession
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Active labor market policies in Europe : performance and perspectivesActive labor market policies in Europe : performance and perspectives : with 28 tables
Alternative Names
Kluve, J.

English (122)

German (11)

Active labor market policies in Europe : performance and perspectives : with 28 tables