WorldCat Identities

Robert-Nicoud, Frédéric

Overview
Works: 32 works in 184 publications in 1 language and 672 library holdings
Genres: Commercial treaties 
Classifications: HF1025, 338.9
Publication Timeline
Key
Publications about  Frédéric Robert-Nicoud Publications about Frédéric Robert-Nicoud
Publications by  Frédéric Robert-Nicoud Publications by Frédéric Robert-Nicoud
Most widely held works by Frédéric Robert-Nicoud
Entry and asymmetric lobbying : why governments pick losers by Richard E Baldwin ( Book )
18 editions published between 2002 and 2007 in English and held by 94 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Abstract: Governments frequently intervene to support domestic industries, but a surprising amount of this support goes to ailing sectors. We explain this with a lobbying model that allows for entry and sunk costs. Specifically, policy is influenced by pressure groups that incur lobbying expenses to create rents. In expanding industry, entry tends to erode such rents, but in declining industries, sunk costs rule out entry as long as the rents are not too high. This asymmetric appropriablity of rents means losers lobby harder. Thus it is not that government policy picks losers, it is that losers pick government policy
Trade and growth with heterogenous firms by Richard E Baldwin ( )
25 editions published between 2005 and 2008 in English and held by 86 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"This paper explores the impact of trade on growth when firms are heterogeneous. We find that greater openness produces anti-and pro-growth effects. The Melitz-model selection effects raises the expected cost of introducing a new variety and this tends to slow the rate of new-variety introduction and hence growth. The pro-growth effect stems from the impact that freer trade has on the marginal cost of innovating. The balance of the two effects is ambiguous with the sign depending upon the exact nature of the innovation technology and its connection to international trade in goods and ideas. We consider five special cases (these include the Grossman-Helpman, the Coe-Helpman and Rivera-Batiz-Romer models) two of which suggest that trade harms growth; the others predicting the opposite"--National Bureau of Economic Research web site
The impact of trade on intraindustry reallocations and aggregate industry productivity : a comment by Richard E Baldwin ( Book )
14 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 85 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"Melitz (2003) demonstrates that greater trade openness raises industry productivity via a selection effect and via a production re-allocation effect. Our comment points out that the set-up assumed in the Melitz model displays a trade off between static and dynamic efficiency gains. That is, although freer trade improves industry productivity in a level sense, it harms it in a growth sense. To make this point as simply as possible, we introduce a slight modification to the model that endogenises the growth rate of industry productivity and we show that liberalisation slows growth"--National Bureau of Economic Research web site
Offshoring general equilibrium effects on wages, production and trade by Richard E Baldwin ( )
14 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 64 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"A simple model of offshoring, which depicts offshoring as 'shadow migration, ' permits straightforward derivation of necessary and sufficient conditions for the effects on wages, prices, production and trade. We show that offshoring requires modification of the four classic international trade theorems, so econometricians who ignore offshoring might reject the Heckscher-Ohlin theorem when a properly specified version held in the data. We also show that offshoring is an independent source of comparative advantage and can lead to intra-industry trade in a Walrasian setting. The model is extended to allow for two-way offshoring between similar nations, and to allow for monopolistic competition"--National Bureau of Economic Research web site
Economic geography and public policy by Richard E Baldwin ( )
6 editions published between 2003 and 2011 in English and held by 58 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Research on the spatial aspects of economic activity has flourished over the past decade due to the emergence of new theory, new data, and an intense interest on the part of policymakers, especially in Europe but increasingly in North America and elsewhere as well. However, these efforts--collectively known as the "new economic geography"--Have devoted little attention to the policy implications of the new theory. Economic Geography and Public Policy fills the gap by illustrating many new policy insights economic geography models can offer to the realm of theoretical policy analysis. Focusing p
Trade-in-goods and trade-in-tasks an integrating framework by Richard E Baldwin ( )
9 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 50 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Our paper integrates results from trade-in-task theory into mainstream trade theory by developing trade-in-task analogues to the four famous theorems (Heckscher-Ohlin, factor price equalisation, Stolper-Samuelson, and Rybczynski) and showing the standard gains-from-trade theorem does not hold for trade-in-tasks. We show trade-in-tasks creates intraindustry trade in a Walrasian economy, and derive necessary and sufficient conditions for analyzing the impact of trade-in-tasks on wages and production. Extensions of the integrating framework easily accommodate monopolistic competition and two-way offshoring/trade-in-tasks
On the origins of land use regulations : theory and evidence from US metro areas by Christian A. L Hilber ( Book )
13 editions published between 2009 and 2012 in English and held by 26 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
We model residential land use constraints as the outcome of a political economy game between owners of developed and owners of undeveloped land. Land use constraints benefit the former group via increasing property prices but hurt the latter via increasing development costs. In this setting, more desirable locations are more developed and, as a consequence of political economy forces, more regulated. These predictions are consistent with the patterns we uncover at the US metropolitan area level
The role of human capital investments in the location decisions of firms by Niko Matouschek ( Book )
6 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 21 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Off-shoring of business services and deindustrialization : threat or opportunity - and for whom? by Frédéric Robert-Nicoud ( Book )
7 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 19 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This paper takes a new look at the issue of overseas sourcing of services. In framework in which comparative advantage is endogenous to agglomeration economies and factor mobility, the fragmentation of production made possible by the new communication technologies and low transportation costs allow global firms (multinational corporations or individual firms active in global networks) to simultaneously reap the benefit of agglomeration economies in OECD countries and of low wages prevailing in countries with an ever better educated labour force like India. Thus, the reduction of employment in some routine tasks in rich countries in a general equilibrium helps sustain and reinforces employment in the core competencies in such countries. That is, the loss of some jobs permits to retain the 'core competencies' in the 'core countries'. The welfare implications of this analysis are shown to be not as straightforward as in a neoclassical world
Can south-south trade liberalisation stimulate north-south trade? by Marco Fugazza ( Book )
7 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 18 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"This paper uses a combination of Ethier (1982) and Melitz's (2003) models to show that liberalizing trade among developing countries, so-called South-South trade, could contribute to improve the access to international markets of developing countries' would-be exporters. Lower trade barriers among developing countries have the effect of lowering the price of intermediate inputs and eventually allow exporters in those countries to serve international markets. We also compare unilateral and multilateral South-South trade liberalization and find that the latter unambiguously reduces the price of intermediates in all participating countries, whereas the former has ambiguous effects."--Editor
Protection for sale made easy by Richard E Baldwin ( Book )
8 editions published between 2006 and 2007 in English and held by 18 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Formal analysis of the political economy of trade policy was substantially redirected by the appearance of Gene Grossman and Elhanan Helpman's 1994 paper, "Protection for Sale". Before that article a fairly wide range of approaches were favoured by various authors on various issues, but afterwards, the vast majority of theoretical tracts on endogenous trade policy have used the Protection for Sale framework (PFS for short) as their main vehicle. The reason, of course, is that the framework is both respectable--because its microfoundations are distinctly firmer than were those of the earlier lobbying approaches--and it is very easy to work with. Despite the popularity of the PFS framework, it appears that no one has presented a simple diagram that illustrates how the PFS frameworks and explains why it is so easy. This short note aims to remedy that ommission
The structure of simple 'new economic geography' models by Frédéric Robert-Nicoud ( Book )
6 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 18 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Survival of the fittest in cities : agglomeration, selection, and polarisation by Kristian Behrens ( Book )
7 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 17 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Empirical studies consistently report that labour productivity and TFP rise with city size. The reason is that cities attract the most productive agents, select the best of them, and make the selected ones even more productive via various agglomeration economies. This paper provides a microeconomically founded model of vertical city differentiation in which the latter two mechanisms ('agglomeration' and 'selection') operate simultaneously. Our model is both rich and tractable enough to allow for a detailed investigation of when cities emerge, what determines their size, and how they interact through the channels of trade. We then uncover stylised facts and suggestive econometric evidence that are consistent with the most distinctive equilibrium features of our model. We show, in particular, that larger cities are both more productive and more unequal ('polarised'), that inter-city trade is associated with higher income inequalities, and that the proximity of large urban centres inhibits the development of nearby cities
The 'Genome' of NEG models with vertical linkages : a positive and normative synthesis by Gianmarco I. P Ottaviano ( Book )
5 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 17 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
A simple model of the juggernaut effect of trade liberalisation by Richard E Baldwin ( Book )
8 editions published between 2007 and 2008 in English and held by 17 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This paper posits a formal political economy model where the principle of reciprocity in multilateral trade talks results in the gradual elimination of tariffs. Reciprocity trade talks turn each nation's exporters into anti-protectionists at home; they lower foreign tariffs by convincing their own government to lower home tariffs. Due to the new array of political forces, each government finds it politically optimal to remove tariffs that it previously found politically optimal to impose. The one-off global tariff cut then reshapes the political economy landscape via entry and exit -- reducing the size/influence of import-competing sectors and increasing that of exporters. In the next round of trade talks governments therefore find it politically optimal to cut tariffs again. The process may continue until tariffs are eliminated
The 'emulator effect' of the Uruguay round on US regionalism by Marco Fugazza ( Book )
5 editions published between 2008 and 2010 in English and held by 15 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Using a detailed data set at the tariff line level, we find an emulator effect of multilateralism on subsequent regional trade agreements involving the US. We exploit the variation in the frequency with which the US has granted immediate duty free access (IDA) to its Free Trade Area partners across tariff lines. A key finding is that the US has granted IDA status especially on goods for which it had cut the multilateral MFN tariff during the Uruguay round the most. Thus, the Uruguay Round (multilateral) 'concessions' have emulated subsequent (preferential) trade liberalisation. We conclude from this that past liberalisation sows the seeds of future liberalisation and that multilateral and preferential trade agreements are dynamic complements
Labour market frictions, job insecurity and the flexibility of the employment relationship by Niko Matouschek ( Book )
4 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 15 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Productive cities : sorting, selection and agglomeration by Kristian Behrens ( Book )
5 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 13 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Large cities produce more output per capita than small cities. This may occur because more talented individuals sort into large cities, because large cities select more productive entrepreneurs and firms, or because of agglomeration economies. We develop a model of systems of cities that combines all three elements and suggests interesting complementarities between them. The model can replicate stylised facts about sorting, agglomeration, and selection in cities. It can also generate Zipf's law for cities. Finally, it provides a useful framework within which to reinterpret existing empirical evidence
Agglomeration and welfare : the core-periphery model in the light of Bentham, Kaldor and Rawls by Sylvie Charlot ( Book )
4 editions published between 2003 and 2004 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The consumption-tightness puzzle by Morten O Ravn ( Book )
1 edition published in 2006 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"This paper introduces a labor force participation choice into a labor market matching model embedded in a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium set-up with production and savings. The participation choice is modelled as a tradeoff between forgoing the expected benefits of being search active and engaging in costly labor market search. The model induces a symmetry in firms' and workers' search decision since both sides of the labor market vary search effort at the extensive margins. We show that this set-up is of considerable analytical convenience and that it gives rise to a linear relationship between labor market tightness and the marginal utility of consumption. We refer to the latter as the "consumption - tightness puzzle" because (a) it gives rise to a number of counterfactual implications, and (b) it is a robust implication of theory. Amongst the counterfactual implications are very low volatility of tightness, procyclical unemployment, and a positively sloped Beveridge curve. These implications all derive from procyclical variations in participation rates that follow from allowing for the extensive search margin"--National Bureau of Economic Research web site
 
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Alternative Names
Nicoud, Frédéric Robert-
Robert-Nicoud, F.
Robert-Nicoud, Frederic
Languages
English (172)
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