Stana, Richard M.
Most widely held works by Richard M Stana
Information on certain illegal aliens arrested in the United States by Richard M Stana ( Book )
1 edition published in 2005 in English and held by 172 libraries worldwide
Immigration benefits actions needed to address vulnerabilities in process for granting permanent residency : report to the Chairman, Committee on Homeland Security, House of Representatives by United States ( Book )
1 edition published in 2008 in English and held by 171 libraries worldwide
Since September 11, 2001, a concern has been that terrorists or their supporters would seek to immigrate to the United States (I.e., seek lawful permanent residency (LPR)). The Department of Homeland Security's U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) conducts background checks and the FBI conducts name checks for those applying for LPR. GAO was asked to review USCIS's processes for screening individuals applying for LPR. GAO assessed: (1) what available data show about the extent to which national security concerns were discovered during USCIS background checks for LPR applications, (2) what issues USCIS has encountered in its background check processes and what actions have been taken to resolve those issues, and (3) the extent to which USCIS has addressed fraud vulnerabilities in its adjudication procedures for LPR. To conduct this work, GAO analyzed USCIS background check and adjudication procedures, USCIS data on adjudications, and its assessments of fraud in applications for LPR, and interviewed USCIS and FBI officials. GAO recommends that the Director of USCIS (1) establish timetables for addressing findings from its four benefit fraud assessments, and (2) establish requirements in LPR adjudications procedures on what evidence petitioner should be verified.
Secure Border Initiative technology deployment delays persist and the impact of border fencing has not been assessed : report to congressional requesters by United States ( Book )
1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 165 libraries worldwide
Securing the nation's borders from illegal entry of aliens and contraband, including terrorists and weapons of mass destruction, continues to be a major challenge. In November 2005, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) announced the launch of the Secure Border Initiative (SBI), a multiyear, multibillion dollar program aimed at securing U.S. borders and reducing illegal immigration. Within DHS, U.S. Custom and Border Protection's (CBP) SBI program is responsible for developing a comprehensive border protection system using technology, known as SBInet, and tactical infrastructure -- fencing, roads, and lighting. GAO was asked to provide periodic updates on the status of the program. This report addresses (1) the extent to which CBP has implemented SBInet and the impact of delays that have occurred, and (2) the extent to which CBP has deployed tactical infrastructure and assessed its results. To do this work, GAO reviewed program schedules, status reports, and previous GAO work; interviewed DHS and CBP officials, among others; and visited three SBI sites where initial technology or fencing had been deployed at the time of GAO's review. GAO recommends that the Commissioner of CBP conduct a cost-effective evaluation of the impact of the tactical infrastructure's contribution to border security. DHS agreed with this recommendation.
Observations on implementing the Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative by Richard M Stana ( Book )
1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 165 libraries worldwide
Border patrol checkpoints contribute to Border Patrol's mission, but more consistent data collection and performance measurement could improve effectiveness : report to congressional requesters by United States ( Book )
1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 164 libraries worldwide
The U.S. Border Patrol, part of the Department of Homeland Security's Customs and Border Protection (CBP), operates checkpoints on U.S. roads, mainly in the southwest border states where most illegal entries occur. As part of a three-tiered strategy to maximize detection and apprehension of illegal aliens, Border Patrol agents at checkpoints screen vehicles for illegal aliens and contraband. GAO was asked to assess (1) checkpoint performance and factors affecting performance, (2) checkpoint performance measures, (3) community impacts considered in checkpoint placement and design, and (4) the impact of checkpoint operations on nearby communities. GAO work included a review of Border Patrol data and guidance; visits to checkpoints and communities in five Border Patrol sectors across four southwest border states, selected on the basis of size, type, and volume, among other factors; and discussions with community members and Border Patrol officials in headquarters and field locations. GAO recommends that CBP take several actions to strengthen checkpoint design and staffing, and improve the measurement and reporting of checkpoint effectiveness, including community impact.
Homeland security information on training new border patrol agents by Richard M Stana ( Book )
1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 162 libraries worldwide
Secure Border Initiative fiscal year 2008 expenditure plan shows improvement, but deficiencies limit congressional oversight and DHS accountability by Richard M Stana ( Book )
1 edition published in 2008 in English and held by 161 libraries worldwide
Various issues led to the termination of the United States-Canada Shared Border Management pilot project by Richard M Stana ( Book )
2 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 160 libraries worldwide
Border security additional actions needed to better ensure a coordinated federal response to illegal activity on federal lands : report to congressional requesters by United States ( Book )
1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 159 libraries worldwide
Federal and tribal lands on the U.S. borders with Canada and Mexico are vulnerable to illegal cross-border activity. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS), through its U.S. Customs and Border Protection's Office of Border Patrol (Border Patrol), is responsible for securing these lands, while the Departments of the Interior (DOI) and Agriculture (USDA) manage natural resources and protect the public. GAO was asked to examine the extent that (1) border security threats have changed on federal lands; (2) federal agencies operating on these lands have shared threat information and communications; and (3) federal agencies have coordinated budgets, resources, and strategies. GAO reviewed interagency agreements and threat assessments; analyzed enforcement data from 2007 through 2009; and interviewed officials at headquarters and two Border Patrol sectors selected due to high volume of illegal cross-border activity (Tucson) and limited ability to detect this activity (Spokane). GAO's observations cannot be generalized to all sectors but provide insights. This is a public version of a sensitive report that GAO issued in October 2010. Information that DHS deemed sensitive has been redacted. GAO is recommending that DOI and USDA determine if more guidance is needed for federal land closures, and that DHS, DOI, and USDA further implement interagency agreements. DHS, DOI, and USDA concurred with the recommendations.
Immigration enforcement benefits and limitations to using earnings data to identify unauthorized work by Barbara D Bovbjerg ( Book )
2 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 159 libraries worldwide
Secure Border Initiative fence construction costs by United States ( Book )
1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 158 libraries worldwide
The Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2008, required DHS to complete construction by December 31, 2008, of either 370 miles or other mileage determined by the Secretary, of reinforced fencing along the southwest border wherever the Secretary determines it would be most practical and effective in deterring smugglers and aliens attempting illegal entry. As directed by the Explanatory Statement accompanying the fiscal year 2008 Consolidated Appropriations Act, we examined the costs of constructing fencing along the southern border of the United States. This report addresses the following questions: 1) What were the construction costs of primary pedestrian and vehicle fencing miles completed under the SBI program as of September 30, 2007, and October 31, 2008? 2) What were the construction costs of secondary pedestrian fencing completed along existing primary fencing as of October 31, 2008? 3) If appropriated SBI funds from fiscal years 2007 and 2008 that were allocated for SBInet had been used to construct fencing, how many additional miles of pedestrian or vehicle fencing could have been constructed?
Investigations of terrorist financing, money laundering, and other financial crimes by Richard M Stana ( Book )
1 edition published in 2004 in English and held by 158 libraries worldwide
Land border ports of entry vulnerabilties and inefficiencies in the inspections process by Richard M Stana ( Book )
1 edition published in 2003 in English and held by 158 libraries worldwide
The Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 mandates that we track, monitor, and evaluate the Attorney General's strategy to deter illegal entry and report our findings to Congress. In response, we have evaluated immigration-related inspections at land border Ports of Entry (POE) and made recommendations regarding (1) the integrity of the inspections process; (2) the efficiency and effectiveness of inspections-related port operations; and (3) the collection, analysis, and use of intelligence information. Due to concern that the public release of our detailed findings could compromise law enforcement operations, our report is restricted to Limited Official Use. This letter is intended to summarize our overall findings and confirm agreement to take action to address vulnerabilities and inefficiencies in the inspections process. Most of our work was conducted before the Department of Justice's Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) and the Department of the Treasury's Customs Service were merged into the newly created Bureau of Customs and Border Protection (CBP) in the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). However, the issues we address remain relevant as DHS merges the functions previously performed by the two agencies and implements major changes to its border inspections process. Our observations and interviews at 15 land border POEs identified several vulnerabilities in the integrity of the inspections process, which raise the risk of unlawful entry. For example, inspectors can experience difficulties in verifying the identity of travelers, traveler inspections were not always done consistently and according to policy, and inspectors did not always receive the training they needed. Inspections-related port operations were hampered by inefficiencies related to technology and equipment. Inspectors faced cumbersome procedures in order to access data systems, and the lack of automation for routine data collection cost time and resources. Furthermore, inspectors lacked a standard issue of equipment, which could create operational inefficiencies. On a positive note, planned expansion of dedicated commuter lanes for travelers determined to be low risk will increase efficiency and give inspectors more time to focus on travelers whose risk is unknown. Regarding the collection, analysis, and use of intelligence information, lack of time and training impedes intelligence development and use. In addition, there was no structure in place to support the analysis and use of intelligence information in the field, despite the fact that INS and others have long recognized this as a need. Given the threat of terrorism confronting the country, having and using intelligence information effectively at land border POEs has never been more important.
Information on immigration enforcement and supervisory promotions in the Department of Homeland Security's Immigration and Customs Enforcement and Customs and Border Protection by Richard M Stana ( Book )
2 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 155 libraries worldwide
Moving illegal proceeds challenges exist in the federal government's effort to stem cross-border currency smuggling : report to congressional requesters by United States ( Book )
1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 154 libraries worldwide
U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) is the lead federal agency responsible for inspecting travelers who seek to smuggle large volumes of cash, called bulk cash, when leaving the country through land ports of entry. It is estimated that criminals smuggle $18 billion to $39 billion a year in bulk cash across the southwest border. The Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) is responsible for reducing the risk of cross-border smuggling of funds through the use of devices called stored value, such as prepaid cards. GAO was asked to examine (1) the extent of actions taken by CBP to stem the flow of bulk cash leaving the country and any challenges that remain, (2) the regulatory gaps, if any, of cross-border reporting and other anti-money laundering requirements of stored value, and (3) if gaps exist, the extent to which FinCEN has addressed them. To conduct its work, GAO observed outbound operations at five land ports of entry. GAO also reviewed statutes, rules, and other information for stored value. This is a public version of a law enforcement sensitive report that GAO issued in September 2010. Information CBP deemed sensitive has been redacted. GAO recommends that CBP, among other things, gather data on program costs and benefits and that FinCEN develop a plan, including target dates, to better manage its rulemaking process.
Follow-up information on the operations of the Department of Justice's Office of Professional Responsibility by Richard M Stana ( Book )
2 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 152 libraries worldwide
A GAO report which provides information on the Dept. of Justice's Office of Professional Responsibility, written in response to concerns about the professionalism and conduct of some Department of Justice attorneys, and the process of holding them accountable to ethical standards.
Observations on efforts to implement the Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative on the U.S. border with Canada by Richard M Stana ( Book )
1 edition published in 2006 in English and held by 152 libraries worldwide
Customs and INS information on inspection, infrastructure, traffic flow, and security matters at the Detroit port of entry by Richard M Stana ( Book )
1 edition published in 2002 in English and held by 150 libraries worldwide
Border security despite progress, weaknesses in traveler inspections exist at our Nation's ports of entry : testimony before the Committee on Homeland Security, House of Representatives by Richard M Stana ( Book )
2 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 148 libraries worldwide
U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) is responsible for keeping terrorists and other dangerous people from entering the country while also facilitating the cross-border movement of millions of travelers. CBP carries out this responsibility at 326 air, sea, and land ports of entry. In response to a congressional request, GAO examined CBP traveler inspection efforts, the progress made, and the challenges that remain in staffing and training at ports of entry, and the progress CBP has made in developing strategic plans and performance measures for its traveler inspection program. To conduct its work, GAO reviewed and analyzed CBP data and documents related to inspections, staffing, and training, interviewed managers and officers, observed inspections at eight major air and land ports of entry, and tested inspection controls at eight small land ports of entry. GAO's testimony is based on a report GAO issued November 5, 2007. CBP has had some success in identifying inadmissible aliens and other violators, but weaknesses in its operations increase the potential that terrorists and inadmissible travelers could enter the country. In fiscal year 2006, CBP turned away over 200,000 inadmissible aliens and interdicted other violators. Although CBP's goal is to interdict all violators, CBP estimated that several thousand inadmissible aliens and other violators entered the country though ports of entry in fiscal year 2006. Weaknesses in 2006 inspection procedures, such as not verifying the citizenship and admissibility of each traveler, contribute to failed inspections. Although CBP took actions to address these weaknesses, subsequent follow-up work conducted by GAO months after CBP's actions found that weaknesses such as those described above still existed. In July 2007, CBP issued detailed procedures for conducting inspections including requiring field office managers to assess compliance with these procedures. However, CBP has not established an internal control to ensure field office managers share their assessments with CBP headquarters to help ensure that the new procedures are consistently implemented across all ports of entry and reduce the risk of failed traveler inspections. CBP developed a staffing model that estimates it needs up to several thousand more staff. Field office managers said that staffing shortages affected their ability to carry out anti-terrorism programs and created other vulnerabilities in the inspections process. CBP recognizes that officer attrition has impaired its ability to attain budgeted staffing levels and is in the process of developing a strategy to help curb attrition. CBP has made progress in developing training programs; however, it does not measure the extent to which it provides training to all who need it and whether new officers demonstrate proficiency in required skills. CBP issued a strategic plan for operations at its ports of entry and has collected performance data that can be used to measure its progress in achieving its strategic goals. However, current performance measures do not gauge CBP effectiveness in apprehending inadmissible aliens and other violators, a key strategic goal.
Military naturalizations USCIS generally met mandated processing deadlines, but processing applicants deployed overseas Is a challenge : report to congressional committees by United States ( Book )
1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 134 libraries worldwide
From September 2001 to March 2009, approximately 47,000 noncitizen members of the U.S. military became naturalized U.S. citizens. The Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) and the Department of Defense (DOD) have taken steps to assist noncitizens with applying for naturalization. The Kendell Frederick Citizenship Assistance Act (Kendell Frederick Act) and the Military Personnel Citizenship Processing Act (MPCPA), enacted in 2008 to expedite application processing, each directed GAO to report on implementation of the acts. This report addresses (1) the extent to which USCIS met the processing deadlines established in the acts and (2) actions USCIS has taken to expedite the processing of applications, and any challenges it has faced. GAO reviewed relevant legislation and DHS reports and guidance related to processing applications; reviewed several generalizable samples of applicants' case files (A-files); and interviewed USCIS officials. GAO recommends that the USCIS Director ensure that available deployment information is collected from all applicants when they file the application; case files document that applicants were notified of processing delays and provided an estimated adjudication date; and case files document actions taken when a case is administratively closed or denied. DHS concurred with GAOs recommendations.
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