WorldCat Identities

Stana, Richard M.

Overview
Works: 117 works in 184 publications in 1 language and 14,383 library holdings
Genres: Rules  Guidebooks 
Roles: Author
Classifications: JV6483, 363.25968
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Richard M Stana
Border security enhanced DHS oversight and assessment of interagency coordination is needed for the northern border : report to congressional requesters by United States( )
1 edition published in 2011 in English and held by 224 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The challenges of securing the U.S.-Canadian border involve the coordination of multiple partners. The results of the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) efforts to integrate border security among its components and across federal, state, local, tribal, and Canadian partners are unclear. GAO was asked to address the extent to which DHS has (1) improved coordination with state, local, tribal, and Canadian partners; (2) progressed in addressing past federal coordination challenges; and (3) progressed in securing the northern border and used coordination efforts to address existing vulnerabilities. GAO reviewed interagency agreements, strategies, and operational documents that address DHS's reported northern border vulnerabilities such as terrorism. GAO visited four Border Patrol sectors, selected based on threat, and interviewed officials from federal, state, local, tribal, and Canadian agencies operating within these sectors. While these results cannot be generalized, they provided insights on border security coordination. GAO is recommending that DHS enhance oversight to ensure efficient use of interagency forums and compliance with interagency agreements; and develop guidance to integrate partner resources to mitigate northern border vulnerabilities. DHS concurred with our recommendations
Employment verification federal agencies have taken steps to improve E-Verify, but significant challenges remain : report to the Subcommittee on Social Security, Committee on Ways and Means, House of Representatives by United States( )
1 edition published in 2011 in English and held by 224 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
E-Verify is a system to electronically verify work eligibility and operated by the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) and the Social Security Administration (SSA). GAO testified in June 2008 that ensuring accuracy and combating fraud were challenges facing E-Verify. As requested, GAO examined the extent to which USCIS and SSA took efforts to (1) reduce tentative nonconfirmations (TNC) and E-Verify's vulnerability to fraud, (2) safeguard employee personal information, and (3) prepare for possible mandatory use by all employers nationwide. GAO reviewed key policy and procedural documents, interviewed relevant DHS and SSA officials, and conducted site visits to three states selected, in part, based on employer types. GAO recommends, among other things, that USCIS disseminate information to employees on the importance of consistently recording their names, DHS components develop procedures to help employees correct inaccurate personal information, USCIS develop reliable cost estimates for E-Verify, and SSA assess risks associated with its E-Verify workload costs
Arizona border surveillance technology more information on plans and costs is needed before proceeding : report to congressional committees by United States( )
1 edition published in 2011 in English and held by 224 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
In recent years, nearly half of all annual apprehensions of illegal aliens along the entire Southwest border with Mexico have occurred along the Arizona border. Keeping illegal flows of people and drugs under control remains a top priority for the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP). In 2005, the Secure Border Initiative Network (SBInet) was conceived as a surveillance technology to create a "virtual fence" along the border. After spending nearly $1 billion, DHS deployed SBInet systems along 53 miles of Arizona's border that represent the highest risk for illegal entry. In January 2011, in response to concerns regarding SBInet's performance, cost, and schedule, DHS cancelled future procurements. CBP developed the Arizona Border Surveillance Technology Plan (Plan) for the remainder of the Arizona border. Funding for this Plan for fiscal year 2012 is $242 million. GAO was requested to assess the extent to which CBP (1) has the information needed to support and implement the Plan and (2) estimated life-cycle costs for future investments in accordance with best practices. GAO analyzed Plan documents and cost estimates, compared those estimates with best practices, and interviewed CBP officials. GAO recommends that CBP document the analysis justifying the technologies proposed in the Plan, determine its mission benefits, conduct a post-implementation review of SBInet and determine a more robust life-cycle cost estimate for the Plan. DHS concurred with the recommendations
Military naturalizations USCIS generally met mandated processing deadlines, but processing applicants deployed overseas Is a challenge : report to congressional committees by United States( )
1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 215 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
From September 2001 to March 2009, approximately 47,000 noncitizen members of the U.S. military became naturalized U.S. citizens. The Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) and the Department of Defense (DOD) have taken steps to assist noncitizens with applying for naturalization. The Kendell Frederick Citizenship Assistance Act (Kendell Frederick Act) and the Military Personnel Citizenship Processing Act (MPCPA), enacted in 2008 to expedite application processing, each directed GAO to report on implementation of the acts. This report addresses (1) the extent to which USCIS met the processing deadlines established in the acts and (2) actions USCIS has taken to expedite the processing of applications, and any challenges it has faced. GAO reviewed relevant legislation and DHS reports and guidance related to processing applications; reviewed several generalizable samples of applicants' case files (A-files); and interviewed USCIS officials. GAO recommends that the USCIS Director ensure that available deployment information is collected from all applicants when they file the application; case files document that applicants were notified of processing delays and provided an estimated adjudication date; and case files document actions taken when a case is administratively closed or denied. DHS concurred with GAOs recommendations
Immigration benefits actions needed to address vulnerabilities in process for granting permanent residency : report to the Chairman, Committee on Homeland Security, House of Representatives by United States( )
1 edition published in 2008 in English and held by 213 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Since September 11, 2001, a concern has been that terrorists or their supporters would seek to immigrate to the United States (I.e., seek lawful permanent residency (LPR)). The Department of Homeland Security's U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) conducts background checks and the FBI conducts name checks for those applying for LPR. GAO was asked to review USCIS's processes for screening individuals applying for LPR. GAO assessed: (1) what available data show about the extent to which national security concerns were discovered during USCIS background checks for LPR applications, (2) what issues USCIS has encountered in its background check processes and what actions have been taken to resolve those issues, and (3) the extent to which USCIS has addressed fraud vulnerabilities in its adjudication procedures for LPR. To conduct this work, GAO analyzed USCIS background check and adjudication procedures, USCIS data on adjudications, and its assessments of fraud in applications for LPR, and interviewed USCIS and FBI officials. GAO recommends that the Director of USCIS (1) establish timetables for addressing findings from its four benefit fraud assessments, and (2) establish requirements in LPR adjudications procedures on what evidence petitioner should be verified
Border security additional actions needed to better ensure a coordinated federal response to illegal activity on federal lands : report to congressional requesters by United States( )
1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 213 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Federal and tribal lands on the U.S. borders with Canada and Mexico are vulnerable to illegal cross-border activity. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS), through its U.S. Customs and Border Protection's Office of Border Patrol (Border Patrol), is responsible for securing these lands, while the Departments of the Interior (DOI) and Agriculture (USDA) manage natural resources and protect the public. GAO was asked to examine the extent that (1) border security threats have changed on federal lands; (2) federal agencies operating on these lands have shared threat information and communications; and (3) federal agencies have coordinated budgets, resources, and strategies. GAO reviewed interagency agreements and threat assessments; analyzed enforcement data from 2007 through 2009; and interviewed officials at headquarters and two Border Patrol sectors selected due to high volume of illegal cross-border activity (Tucson) and limited ability to detect this activity (Spokane). GAO's observations cannot be generalized to all sectors but provide insights. This is a public version of a sensitive report that GAO issued in October 2010. Information that DHS deemed sensitive has been redacted. GAO is recommending that DOI and USDA determine if more guidance is needed for federal land closures, and that DHS, DOI, and USDA further implement interagency agreements. DHS, DOI, and USDA concurred with the recommendations
Border patrol checkpoints contribute to Border Patrol's mission, but more consistent data collection and performance measurement could improve effectiveness : report to congressional requesters by United States( )
1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 207 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The U.S. Border Patrol, part of the Department of Homeland Security's Customs and Border Protection (CBP), operates checkpoints on U.S. roads, mainly in the southwest border states where most illegal entries occur. As part of a three-tiered strategy to maximize detection and apprehension of illegal aliens, Border Patrol agents at checkpoints screen vehicles for illegal aliens and contraband. GAO was asked to assess (1) checkpoint performance and factors affecting performance, (2) checkpoint performance measures, (3) community impacts considered in checkpoint placement and design, and (4) the impact of checkpoint operations on nearby communities. GAO work included a review of Border Patrol data and guidance; visits to checkpoints and communities in five Border Patrol sectors across four southwest border states, selected on the basis of size, type, and volume, among other factors; and discussions with community members and Border Patrol officials in headquarters and field locations. GAO recommends that CBP take several actions to strengthen checkpoint design and staffing, and improve the measurement and reporting of checkpoint effectiveness, including community impact
Secure Border Initiative technology deployment delays persist and the impact of border fencing has not been assessed : report to congressional requesters by United States( )
1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 207 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Securing the nation's borders from illegal entry of aliens and contraband, including terrorists and weapons of mass destruction, continues to be a major challenge. In November 2005, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) announced the launch of the Secure Border Initiative (SBI), a multiyear, multibillion dollar program aimed at securing U.S. borders and reducing illegal immigration. Within DHS, U.S. Custom and Border Protection's (CBP) SBI program is responsible for developing a comprehensive border protection system using technology, known as SBInet, and tactical infrastructure -- fencing, roads, and lighting. GAO was asked to provide periodic updates on the status of the program. This report addresses (1) the extent to which CBP has implemented SBInet and the impact of delays that have occurred, and (2) the extent to which CBP has deployed tactical infrastructure and assessed its results. To do this work, GAO reviewed program schedules, status reports, and previous GAO work; interviewed DHS and CBP officials, among others; and visited three SBI sites where initial technology or fencing had been deployed at the time of GAO's review. GAO recommends that the Commissioner of CBP conduct a cost-effective evaluation of the impact of the tactical infrastructure's contribution to border security. DHS agreed with this recommendation
Information on certain illegal aliens arrested in the United States by Richard M Stana( )
1 edition published in 2005 in English and held by 207 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Moving illegal proceeds challenges exist in the federal government's effort to stem cross-border currency smuggling : report to congressional requesters by United States( )
1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 204 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) is the lead federal agency responsible for inspecting travelers who seek to smuggle large volumes of cash, called bulk cash, when leaving the country through land ports of entry. It is estimated that criminals smuggle $18 billion to $39 billion a year in bulk cash across the southwest border. The Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) is responsible for reducing the risk of cross-border smuggling of funds through the use of devices called stored value, such as prepaid cards. GAO was asked to examine (1) the extent of actions taken by CBP to stem the flow of bulk cash leaving the country and any challenges that remain, (2) the regulatory gaps, if any, of cross-border reporting and other anti-money laundering requirements of stored value, and (3) if gaps exist, the extent to which FinCEN has addressed them. To conduct its work, GAO observed outbound operations at five land ports of entry. GAO also reviewed statutes, rules, and other information for stored value. This is a public version of a law enforcement sensitive report that GAO issued in September 2010. Information CBP deemed sensitive has been redacted. GAO recommends that CBP, among other things, gather data on program costs and benefits and that FinCEN develop a plan, including target dates, to better manage its rulemaking process
Homeland security information on training new border patrol agents by Richard M Stana( )
2 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 202 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Investigations of terrorist financing, money laundering, and other financial crimes by Richard M Stana( )
2 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 202 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Observations on implementing the Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative by Richard M Stana( )
3 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 202 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Immigration enforcement benefits and limitations to using earnings data to identify unauthorized work by Barbara D Bovbjerg( )
2 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 199 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Follow-up information on the operations of the Department of Justice's Office of Professional Responsibility by Richard M Stana( )
3 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 199 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
A GAO report which provides information on the Dept. of Justice's Office of Professional Responsibility, written in response to concerns about the professionalism and conduct of some Department of Justice attorneys, and the process of holding them accountable to ethical standards
Secure Border Initiative fiscal year 2008 expenditure plan shows improvement, but deficiencies limit congressional oversight and DHS accountability by Richard M Stana( )
2 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 198 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
U.S. Customs and Border Protection's border security fencing, infrastructure and technology fiscal year 2011 expenditure plan by Richard M Stana( )
1 edition published in 2011 in English and held by 197 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Land border ports of entry vulnerabilties and inefficiencies in the inspections process by Richard M Stana( )
1 edition published in 2003 in English and held by 195 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 mandates that we track, monitor, and evaluate the Attorney General's strategy to deter illegal entry and report our findings to Congress. In response, we have evaluated immigration-related inspections at land border Ports of Entry (POE) and made recommendations regarding (1) the integrity of the inspections process; (2) the efficiency and effectiveness of inspections-related port operations; and (3) the collection, analysis, and use of intelligence information. Due to concern that the public release of our detailed findings could compromise law enforcement operations, our report is restricted to Limited Official Use. This letter is intended to summarize our overall findings and confirm agreement to take action to address vulnerabilities and inefficiencies in the inspections process. Most of our work was conducted before the Department of Justice's Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) and the Department of the Treasury's Customs Service were merged into the newly created Bureau of Customs and Border Protection (CBP) in the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). However, the issues we address remain relevant as DHS merges the functions previously performed by the two agencies and implements major changes to its border inspections process. Our observations and interviews at 15 land border POEs identified several vulnerabilities in the integrity of the inspections process, which raise the risk of unlawful entry. For example, inspectors can experience difficulties in verifying the identity of travelers, traveler inspections were not always done consistently and according to policy, and inspectors did not always receive the training they needed. Inspections-related port operations were hampered by inefficiencies related to technology and equipment. Inspectors faced cumbersome procedures in order to access data systems, and the lack of automation for routine data collection cost time and resources. Furthermore, inspectors lacked a standard issue of equipment, which could create operational inefficiencies. On a positive note, planned expansion of dedicated commuter lanes for travelers determined to be low risk will increase efficiency and give inspectors more time to focus on travelers whose risk is unknown. Regarding the collection, analysis, and use of intelligence information, lack of time and training impedes intelligence development and use. In addition, there was no structure in place to support the analysis and use of intelligence information in the field, despite the fact that INS and others have long recognized this as a need. Given the threat of terrorism confronting the country, having and using intelligence information effectively at land border POEs has never been more important
Various issues led to the termination of the United States-Canada Shared Border Management pilot project by Richard M Stana( )
2 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 195 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Secure Border Initiative fence construction costs by United States( )
1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 194 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2008, required DHS to complete construction by December 31, 2008, of either 370 miles or other mileage determined by the Secretary, of reinforced fencing along the southwest border wherever the Secretary determines it would be most practical and effective in deterring smugglers and aliens attempting illegal entry. As directed by the Explanatory Statement accompanying the fiscal year 2008 Consolidated Appropriations Act, we examined the costs of constructing fencing along the southern border of the United States. This report addresses the following questions: 1) What were the construction costs of primary pedestrian and vehicle fencing miles completed under the SBI program as of September 30, 2007, and October 31, 2008? 2) What were the construction costs of secondary pedestrian fencing completed along existing primary fencing as of October 31, 2008? 3) If appropriated SBI funds from fiscal years 2007 and 2008 that were allocated for SBInet had been used to construct fencing, how many additional miles of pedestrian or vehicle fencing could have been constructed?
 
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English (29)