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MITCogNet

Overview
Works: 117 works in 133 publications in 1 language and 6,862 library holdings
Genres: Handbooks and manuals  Encyclopedias  History  Abstracts 
Classifications: QP360.5, 612.82
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by MITCogNet
The big book of concepts by Gregory L Murphy( Book )

1 edition published in 2002 in English and held by 11 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Concepts embody our knowledge of the kinds of things there are in the world. Tying our past experiences to our present interactions with the environment, they enable us to recognize and understand new objects and events. Concepts are also relevant to understanding domains such as social situations, personality types, and even artistic styles. Yet like other phenomenologically simple cognitive processes such as walking or understanding speech, concept formation and use are maddeningly complex. Research since the 1970s and the decline of the "classical view" of concepts have greatly illuminated the psychology of concepts. But persistent theoretical disputes have sometimes obscured this progress. The Big Book of Concepts goes beyond those disputes to reveal the advances that have been made, focusing on the major empirical discoveries. By reviewing and evaluating research on diverse topics such as category learning, word meaning, conceptual development in infants and children, and the basic level of categorization, the book develops a much broader range of criteria than is usual for evaluating theories of concepts
How language comes to children : from birth to two years by Bénédicte de Boysson-Bardies( Book )

1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In this book, psycholinguist Benedicte de Boysson-Bardies presents a broad picture of language development, from fetal development to the toddler years, and examines a wide range of puzzling questions: How do newborns recognize elements of speech? How do they distinguish them from nonspeech sounds? How do they organize and analyze them? How do they ultimately come to understand and reproduce these sounds? Finally, how does the ability to communicate through language emerge in children? Boysson-Bardies also addresses questions of particular interest to parents, such as whether one should speak to children in a special way to facilitate language learning and whether there is cause to worry when a twenty-month-old child does not yet speak. Although the author provides a clear summary of the current state of language acquisition theory, the special appeal of the book lies in her research and "dialogue" with her many young subjects."--Jacket
Schools for thought : a science of learning in the classroom by John T Bruer( Book )

1 edition published in 1994 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Roots of social sensibility and neural function by Jay Schulkin( Book )

1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In this book Jay Schulkin explores social reason from philosophical, psychological, and cognitive neuroscientific perspectives. He argues for a pragmatist approach, in which the role of experience - that is, interaction with others - is central to any consideration of action in the social world. Unlike some philosophers of mind, Jay Schulkin considers social reason to be a real feature of the information processing system in the brain, in addition to a useful cognitive tool in predicting behavior. Throughout the book, he incorporates neurobiological evidence for a domain-specific system for social cognition." "Topics covered include the centrality of intentional attribution to social cognition, the rise of cognitive science in the twentieth century, the functional arguments for the role of experience, intentional understanding in nonhuman primates, theory of mind and natural kinds in children, autism as a disorder of theory of mind, and the integration of emotions into theory of mind."--Jacket
Sites of vision : the discursive construction of sight in the history of philosophy by David Michael Kleinberg-Levin( Book )

1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The central role of vision in relation to philosophy is evident in the vocabulary of the discipline - in words such as "speculation," "observation," "insight," and "reflection"; in metaphors such as "mirroring," "perspective," and "point of view"; and in methodological concepts such as "reflective detachment" and "representation." Because the history of vision is so pervasively reflected in the history of philosophy, it is possible for both vision and thought to achieve a greater awareness of their genealogy through the history of philosophy. The fourteen contributors to Sites of Vision explore the hypothesis that the nature of visual perception about which philosophers talk must be explicitly recognized as a discursive construction, indeed a historical construction, in philosophical discourse
A study of concepts by Christopher Peacocke( Book )

1 edition published in 1995 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Mind in a physical world : an essay on the mind-body problem and mental causation by Jaegwon Kim( Book )

1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This book, based on Jaegwon Kim's 1996 Townsend Lectures, presents the philosopher's current views on a variety of issues in the metaphysics of the mind - in particular, the mind-body problem, mental causation, and reductionism. Kim construes the mind-body problem as that of finding a place for the mind in a world that is fundamentally physical. Among other points, he redefines the roles of supervenience and emergence in the discussion of the mind-body problem. Arguing that various contemporary accounts of mental causation are inadequate, he offers his own partially reductionist solution on the basis of a novel model of reduction
Essays on nonconceptual content by York H Gunther( Book )

1 edition published in 2003 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Writers concerned with topics as varied as the philosophy of mind, cognitive science, artificial intelligence, epistemology and aesthetics have all challenged conceptualism. This volume offers some of the important work on nonconceptual content in the philosophy of mind and psychology
The cradle of knowledge : development of perception in infancy by Philip J Kellman( Book )

1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In this comprehensive treatment of infant perception. Philip Kellman and Martha Arterberry bring together work at multiple levels to produce a new picture of perception's origins. The emphasis is on perceptual knowledge - how one comes to perceive the world; what information, processes, and mechanisms produce this knowledge: and how perceptual processes change over time. They examine early perception in various domains, such as object, space, motion, intermodal, and speech perception and attempt to discover the starting points and paths of development of each. By focusing on individual experiments, they also give the reader a view of how research is conducted, including the interplay of data and theory
The dynamic neuron : a comprehensive survey of the neurochemical basis of synaptic plasticity by John R Smythies( Book )

2 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

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The MIT encyclopedia of communication disorders( )

2 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"A massive reference work on the scale of MITECS (The MIT Encyclopedia of Cognitive Sciences), The MIT Encyclopedia of Communication Disorders will become the standard reference in this field for both research and clinical use. It offers almost 200 detailed entries, covering the entire range of communication and speech disorders in children and adults, from basic science to clinical diagnosis. MITECD is divided into four sections that reflect the standard categories within the field (also known as speech-language pathology and audiology): Voice, Speech, Language, and Hearing. Within each category, entries are organized into three subsections: Basic Science, Disorders, and Clinical Management. Basic Science includes relevant information on normal anatomy and physiology, physics, psychology and psychophysics, and linguistics; this provides a scientific foundation for entries in the other subsections. The entries that appear under Disorders offer information on the definition and characterization of specific disorders, and tools for their identification and assessment. The Clinical Management subsection describes appropriate interventions, including behavioral, pharmacological, surgical, and prosthetic. Because the approach to communication disorders can be quite different for children and adults, many topics include separate entries reflecting this. Although some disorders that are first diagnosed in childhood may persist in some form throughout adulthood, many disorders can have an onset in either childhood or adulthood, and the timing of onset can have many implications for both assessment and intervention. Topics covered in MITECD include cochlear implants for children and adults, pitch perception, tinnitus, alaryngeal voice and speech rehabilitation, neural mechanisms of vocalization, holistic voice therapy techniques, computer-based approaches to children's speech and language disorders, neurogenic mutism, regional dialect, agrammatism, global aphasia, and psychosocial problems associated with communicative disorder"--MIT CogNet
The cognitive neurosciences by Michael S Gazzaniga( )

2 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Annotation Each edition of this classic reference has proved to be a benchmark in the developing field of cognitive neuroscience. The third edition of The Cognitive Neurosciences continues to chart new directions in the study of the biologic underpinnings of complex cognition -- the relationship between the structural and physiological mechanisms of the nervous system and the psychological reality of the mind. Every chapter is new and each section has new participants. Features of the third edition include research that maps biological changes directly to cognitive changes; a new and integrated view of sensory systems and perceptual processes; the presentation of new developments in plasticity; recent research on the cognitive neuroscience of false memory, which reveals the constructive nature of memory retrieval; and new topics in the neuroscientific study of emotion, including the "social brain." The new final section, "Perspectives and New Directions," discusses a wide variety of topics that point toward the future of this vibrant and exciting field
Handbook of developmental cognitive neuroscience by Charles A Nelson( )

1 edition published in 2001 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Past, space, and self by John Campbell( )

1 edition published in 1995 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Humans were thought to be unique among the species in having minds, but recent results showing the richness and diversity in animal psychology makes this view untenable. Yet there remains the question of whether we can map the features of a particularly human psychology that are responsible for the mind's overall structure. In this book John Campbell shows that the general structural features of human thought can be seen as having their source in the distinctive ways in which we think about space and time. He describes the contrasts between animal representations of space and time and distinctively human ways of thinking about them. In particular, he shows what is special about the human ability to think about the past. Campbell looks at how self-consciousness exploits these particular abilities in thinking about space and the past. He discusses at length the relation between self-consciousness and the first person and how fundamental the first person is in ordinary thought. Campbell shows that the structured character of ordinary thinking can be explained by reference to the demands of first-person thinking and the way in which first-person thinking exploits distinctively human representations of space and tim. Finally, he considers the metaphysical implications of this approach, in particular, how ordinary self-consciousness relies on a realist view of the past
La cécíté mentale : un essai sur l'autisme et la théorie de l'esprit by Simon Baron-Cohen( )

1 edition published in 1997 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

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The handbook of brain theory and neural networks by Michael A Arbib( )

2 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Dramatically updating and extending the first edition, published in 1995, the second edition of The Handbook of Brain Theory and Neural Networks presents the enormous progress made in recent years in the many subfields related to the two great questions: How does the brain work? and, How can we build intelligent machines? Once again, the heart of the book is a set of almost 300 articles covering the whole spectrum of topics in brain theory and neural networks. The first two parts of the book, prepared by Michael Arbib, are designed to help readers orient themselves in this wealth of material. Part I provides general background on brain modeling and on both biological and artificial neural networks. Part II consists of "Road Maps" to help readers steer through articles in part III on specific topics of interest. The articles in part III are written so as to be accessible to readers of diverse backgrounds. They are cross-referenced and provide lists of pointers to Road Maps, background material, and related reading. The second edition greatly increases the coverage of models of fundamental neurobiology, cognitive neuroscience, and neural network approaches to language. It contains 287 articles, compared to the 266 in the first edition. Articles on topics from the first edition have been updated by the original authors or written anew by new authors, and there are 106 articles on new topics"--MIT CogNet
Sources of power : how people make decisions by Gary A Klein( )

1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Most studies of decision making, based on artificial tasks assigned in laboratory settings, view people as biased and unskilled. Gary Klein is one of the developers of the naturalistic decision making approach, which views people as inherently skilled and experienced and documents human strengths and capabilities that so far have been downplayed or ignored. Since 1985 Klein has conducted fieldwork to find out how people tackle challenges in difficult, nonroutine situations. Sources of Power is based on observations of humans acting under such real-life constraints as time pressure, high stakes, personal responsibility, and shifting conditions. The professionals studied include fire-fighters, critical care nurses, pilots, nuclear power plant operators, battle planners, and chess masters. Each chapter builds on key incidents and examples to make the description of the methodology and phenomena more vivid. In addition to providing information that can be used by professionals in management, psychology, engineering, and other fields, the book presents an overview of the research approach of naturalistic decision making and expands our knowledge of the strengths people bring to difficult tasks
Psychosemantics : the problem of meaning in the philosophy of mind by Jerry A Fodor( )

1 edition published in 1989 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

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The handbook of multisensory processes by Charles Spence( )

1 edition published in 2004 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This landmark reference work brings together for the first time in one volume the most recent research from different areas of the emerging field of multisensory integration. After many years of using a modality-specific 'sense-by-sense' approach, researchers across different disciplines in neuroscience and psychology now recognize that perception is fundamentally a multisensory experience. To understand how the brain synthesizes information from the different senses, we must study not only how information from each sensory modality is decoded but also how this information interacts with the sensory processing taking place within other sensory channels. The findings cited in The Handbook of Multisensory Processes suggest that there are broad underlying principles that govern this interaction, regardless of the specific senses involved. The book is organized thematically into eight sections; each of the 55 chapters presents a state-of-the-art review of its topic by leading researchers in the field. The key themes addressed include multisensory contributions to perception in humans; whether the sensory integration involved in speech perception is fundamentally different from other kinds of multisensory integration; multisensory processing in the midbrain and cortex in model species, including rat, cat, and monkey; behavioral consequences of multisensory integration; modern neuroimaging techniques, including EEG, PET, and fMRI, now being used to reveal the many sites of multisensory processing in the brain; multisensory processes that require postnatal sensory experience to emerge, with examples from multiple species; brain specialization and possible equivalence of brain regions; and clinical studies of such breakdowns of normal sensory integration as brain damage and synesthesia"--MIT CogNet
 
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The cradle of knowledge : development of perception in infancy
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English (23)

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Mind in a physical world : an essay on the mind-body problem and mental causationThe cradle of knowledge : development of perception in infancyThe MIT encyclopedia of communication disordersThe cognitive neurosciencesHandbook of developmental cognitive neurosciencePast, space, and selfLa cécíté mentale : un essai sur l'autisme et la théorie de l'espritThe handbook of brain theory and neural networks