Carter, Nicole T.
Most widely held works by Nicole T Carter
South Florida ecosystem restoration and the comprehensive everglades restoration plan by Nicole T Carter ( Book )
11 editions published between 2000 and 2003 in English and held by 38 libraries worldwide
Army Corps of Engineers civil works reform issues for the 107th Congress by Nicole T Carter ( Book )
6 editions published between 2002 and 2003 in English and held by 31 libraries worldwide
The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) is an executive branch agency within the Department of Defense that has both civil and military programs. A potential budget deficit, a growing backlog of Corps construction and maintenance activities, and concerns that the project development process may be flawed have prompted some to question aspects of the civil works program. There have been hearings on possible Corps reform and the civil works budget, and a House Corps Reform Caucus has been formed. Opponents to changing the Corps are found within Congress and among numerous interest groups that are satisfied with current Corps practices. The Administration proposes to reduce the backlog primarily by starting no new projects and concentrating resources on priority projects. Over the Corps' 200-year history, its civil works mission has expanded from maintaining navigable channels to include flood control projects and, most recently, environmental restoration and non-traditional projects, such as wastewater treatment and water supply projects. Many of the provisions in the Administration's budget request complement a number of measures in proposed legislation to reform the Corps. Proposed bills have their roots not only in fiscal improvements but also concerns that many Corps projects generate significant environmental damage. These bills have received support from environmental and taxpayer groups.
Harbor maintenance funding by Nicole T Carter ( Book )
2 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 29 libraries worldwide
Army Corps of Engineers civil works program issues for Congress by Nicole T Carter ( Book )
4 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 28 libraries worldwide
Water Resources Development Act (WRDA) and other Army Corps of Engineers legislation by Nicole T Carter ( Book )
2 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 25 libraries worldwide
Army Corps of Engineers civil works reform issues for the 108th Congress by Nicole T Carter ( Book )
2 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 25 libraries worldwide
Water Resources Development Act (WRDA) Army Corps of Engineers authorization issues in the 109th Congress by Nicole T Carter ( Book )
7 editions published between 2005 and 2006 in English and held by 19 libraries worldwide
"Congress generally authorizes Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) water resources projects before considering them in the annual appropriations process. The 109th Congress is considering authorizing Corps projects through two Water Resources Development Act (WRDA) bills -- S. 728 and H.R. 2864. The House passed H.R. 2864 in July 2005; S. 728 was placed on the Senate calendar in April 2005. Previous WRDAs followed a loosely biennial schedule; however, the last WRDA was enacted in 2000."--p. 3.
Protecting New Orleans from hurricane barriers to floodwalls by Nicole T Carter ( Book )
6 editions published between 2005 and 2006 in English and held by 19 libraries worldwide
Breaches of the floodwalls protecting New Orleans during Hurricane Katrina caused significant flooding in many areas of downtown. Although most of the levee breaches in coastal Louisiana were the result of the storm's surge flowing over levees, preliminary evidence suggests that three major breaches in downtown New Orleans occurred prior to the floodwalls being overtopped; that is, the floodwalls failed before their design was exceeded. The failure of these floodwalls has many stakeholders' speculating about the causes of the failures, the reliability of the system of levees and floodwalls, and future options for protecting the city. One cause of failure being discussed is a poor or inadequate design for protecting the city from a Category 3 hurricane. The original design for the city's hurricane protection infrastructure was to control storm surge flowing into water bodies near downtown by building inlet barriers and canal floodgates. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers was responsible for designing and building much of the infrastructure as part of its Lake Pontchartrain and Vicinity Hurricane Protection Project to protect New Orleans and the surrounding parishes from a Category 3 hurricane; the local levee districts shared 30% of the construction costs and maintained the infrastructure. During the project's construction which began with authorization in 1965 and was ongoing when Hurricane Katrina made landfall, numerous factors contributed to changing the design of how to protect the city (e.g., including local environmental concerns, changing cost estimates, local flood protection preferences, and litigation); the final design attempted to reduce hurricane related flooding in the city by increasing the height of levees and floodwalls, in lieu of the barriers and floodgates. The findings of ongoing investigations about the causes of the floodwall failures are likely to shape not only the future design of the city's hurricane protection system but also plans for rebuilding sections of the city and perspectives on the federal role and responsibility in the city's rebuilding efforts. This report documents the evolution in the design of the Lake Pontchartrain project, with specific reference to how and by whom design decisions were made. The focus is on two major design developments relevant to the current investigations into floodwall failures in downtown New Orleans: (1) the shift from barriers at Lake Pontchartrain's inlets to higher levees along the lakeshore; and (2) the shift from floodgates at the mouth of the city's stormwater outfall canals that drain into Lake Pontchartrain to higher floodwalls along the length of the canals. The Corps' decision in the mid-1980s to recommend higher levees instead of the inlet barriers it had recommended in 1965 was shaped by multiple factors, including environmental litigation, project economics, and local preferences. The Corps preferred floodgates to floodwalls along the Orleans Avenue and London Avenue canals. The decision to not build floodgates, and instead build floodwalls along the canals, was made by local project sponsors. The original design and the final design were intended to provide the same level of protection, i.e., protection from the rough equivalent of a Category 3 storm surge. This report will be updated as events warrant.
Army Corps of Engineers civil works program issues for the 109th Congress by Nicole T Carter ( Book )
2 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 18 libraries worldwide
Natural resources selected issues for the 109th Congress ( Book )
2 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 18 libraries worldwide
Flood risk management federal role in infrastructure by Nicole T Carter ( Book )
3 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 16 libraries worldwide
Local governments are responsible for land use and zoning decisions that direct floodplain and coastal development; however, state and federal governments influence community and individual decisions on managing flood risk. The federal government constructs flood control infrastructure, offers flood insurance, and provides disaster aid. Hurricanes Katrina and Rita sparked once again a national debate on managing flood hazards.
Water Resources Development Act (WRDA) Corps of Engineers authorization issues ( Book )
8 editions published between 2006 and 2007 in English and held by 15 libraries worldwide
South Florida ecosystem restoration and the comprehensive everglades restoration plan by Pervaze A Sheikh ( Book )
4 editions published between 2006 and 2007 in English and held by 15 libraries worldwide
New Orleans levees and floodwalls hurricane damage protection by Nicole T Carter ( )
2 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 7 libraries worldwide
Hurricane Katrina's storm surge breached floodwalls and levees surrounding New Orleans, causing widespread inundation and significant damage and hampering rescue and recovery efforts. Flooding from precipitation and storm surges flowing over levees was anticipated because of the hurricane's intensity; however, structural failure of the floodwalls and consequent flooding were uncertain. The immediate engineering and the underlying causes of the breaches are the subject of speculation, and likely will be the subject of investigations and congressional oversight. The breaches occurred at the Lake Pontchartrain and Vicinity Project being constructed by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and maintained by local levee districts. Those observers questioning why infrastructure providing a greater level of hurricane protection was not available are countered by those arguing that structural protections carry their own risks. This report will be updated as needed to track significant developments.
Water infrastructure funding in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 by Claudia Copeland ( Book )
7 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 5 libraries worldwide
On January 28, 2009, the House passed H.R. 1, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. On February 10, the Senate passed an amended version of H.R. 1 (S. Amdt. 570). On February 13, the House and Senate adopted a conference report (H. Rept. 111-16) that reconciled differences between the two bills. The President is expected to sign the bill into law on February 17. This report identifies funding for water infrastructure programs and projects contained in the legislation, including amounts in the House- and Senate-passed versions that preceded the conference agreement. Among the purposes identified in the legislation are preservation and creation of jobs and promotion of U.S. economic recovery, and investment in transportation, environmental protection, and other infrastructure that will provide long-term economic benefits. Under the legislation, additional appropriations are directed to a number of existing federal programs that either directly invest in water infrastructure projects or provide assistance to states and localities for such activities. Water infrastructure funding in the bill, which would be available for obligation for the remainder of FY2009 and through September 30, 2010, is provided to five federal agencies and one commission would total $13.5 billion. The bill provides funding for locally built wastewater and drinking water treatment projects through assistance programs administered by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). For the EPA wastewater program, the final bill provides $4.0 billion. For the EPA drinking water program, H.R. 1 provides $2.0 billion in additional funds. These funds will be allocated to states according to established formulas, and states will award actual assistance to projects and communities. For the USDA programs that benefit rural communities, the final legislation provides $1.38 billion in grants and loans. Additional funding in the bill for these programs would be three to four times more than the level of current appropriations. The final legislation provides funding for water resources development and management projects administered by four agencies. It provides $4.6 billion for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) and $1.0 billion for the Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation). The legislation also provides $340 million for USDAs Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) small watershed program, and $220 million for the Department of States International Boundary and Water Commission (IBWC) levee and dam upgrades. Little is publicly known about how most of these funds will be distributed among individual projects, because water resources programs generally do not distribute based on pre-defined formulas. Which projects and how much each state will receive largely will be determined by the Administration within the eligibility and prioritization direction provided in the legislation and its accompanying conference report. Even after enactment, implementation of the additional water infrastructure funding in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act is likely to raise a number of issues, including how the additional funds included in this legislation will influence decisions on regular appropriations bills for the remainder of FY2009 and for FY2010. Another issue concerns matching fund requirements. Unless project assistance is provided entirely as grants, communities and project sponsors will need to come up with matching funds, which could be very challenging in the current fiscal environment.
Upper Mississippi River system proposals to restore an inland waterway's ecosystem by Kyna Powers ( Book )
3 editions published between 2004 and 2005 in English and held by 3 libraries worldwide
Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint (ACF) drought federal water management issues ( Book )
4 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 2 libraries worldwide
Coordination of federal water research legislative issues by Nicole T Carter ( Book )
2 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 2 libraries worldwide
New Orleans Levees and Floodwalls: Hurricane Damage Protection ( Book )
1 edition published in 2005 in English and held by 2 libraries worldwide
Hurricane Katrina's storm surge breached floodwalls and levees surrounding New Orleans, causing widespread inundation and significant damage and hampering rescue and recovery efforts. Flooding from precipitation and storm surges flowing over levees was anticipated because of the hurricane s intensity; however, structural failure of the floodwalls and consequent flooding were uncertain. The immediate engineering and the underlying causes of the breaches are the subject of speculation, and likely will be the subject of investigations and congressional oversight. The breaches occurred at the Lake Pontchartrain and Vicinity Project being constructed by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and maintained by local levee districts. Those observers questioning why infrastructure providing a greater level of hurricane protection was not available are countered by those arguing that structural protections carry their own risks. This report will be updated as needed to track significant developments.
Federally Supported Water Supply and Wastewater Treatment Programs ( Book )
2 editions published between 2007 and 2009 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Although the federal government has played a significant role in developing water quality regulations and standards for municipal and industrial (M & I) water use, it historically has provided a relatively small percentage of the funding for construction of water supply and treatment facilities for M & I uses. Yet, several programs exist to assist communities with development of water supply and treatment projects, and it appears that Congress is more frequently being asked to authorize direct financial and technical assistance for developing or treating water supplies for M & I use. This report provides background information on the types of water supply and wastewater treatment projects traditionally funded by the federal government and the several existing programs to assist communities with water supply and wastewater recycling and treatment. These projects and programs are found primarily within the Department of Agriculture (USDA), Department of Commerce, Department of Defense (DOD), Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), Department of the Interior (DOI), and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
Bridges--Earthquake effects Canals Conservation of natural resources Droughts Ecosystem management Endangered species Energy industries Expenditures, Public Federal aid to water resources development Flood control Flood damage prevention Flood dams and reservoirs Flood forecasting Floodplain management Floods Harbors--Finance Hurricane Katrina (2005) Illinois--Illinois Waterway Industrial water supply Inland water transportation Levees Louisiana--New Orleans Mississippi River Mississippi River Valley Natural resources--Law and legislation Nature conservation Power resources Public works--Evaluation Reservoirs Restoration ecology Roads--Earthquake effects Saline water conversion Southern States South Florida Ecosystem Restoration Program United States United States.--Army.--Corps of Engineers United States.--Environmental Protection Agency United States.--National Water Commission Water--Pollution Water quality management Water resources development Water resources development--Finance--Law and legislation Water resources development--Government policy Water resources development--Law and legislation Water-supply Water-supply--Government policy Water-supply--Management Water use Water withdrawals Wildlife management