WorldCat Identities

Ceruti, Marion G.

Overview
Works: 26 works in 27 publications in 1 language and 27 library holdings
Roles: Author
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Marion G Ceruti
Directional Guidance Method for the Blind Using Time Separation Pitch Discrimination of Triple Pulse Signals( Book )

1 edition published in 1991 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

One of the most difficult problems in orientation and mobility training with blind people is that subjects veer either to the left or to the right while attempting to walk a straight path. This veering tendency is most pronounced when attempting to traverse an open area in the absence of consistent tactile or auditory cues. We propose a training method in which a blind person receives continuous feedback while walking along a predetermined line. This method was designed to allow immediate recognition and correction of deviations from the straight path. The laboratory simulation of the training method involved detecting delays between sound pulses by observing changes in time separation pitch (TSP). TSP is a perceived pitch resulting from hearing at least two highly correlated, broadband pulses. (For example, the pulses could have the same shape or the second pulse could be the inverse of the first). We hypothesized that an observer could follow a line by listening to the TSP perceived from two stationary, spatially separated and synchronized pulse transmitters, one producing the first and third pulses and the other transmitter producing the second pulse, thus forming a pulse triplet. The success of such a direction-finding system for the blind depends on the ability of the subject to recognize deviations from the line and to return to the line. We performed psychoacoustic experiments using signals simulating stimuli that a subject would hear while traveling on or near the line defined by three coordinated pulses
Toward an integrated system for command and control net-centric web services and sustainment : application to homeland security by Kevin Adams( Book )

1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This paper describes the architecture and requirements of an integrated system that is needed to support the command-and-control requirements of the Department of Homeland Security during crisis prevention, disaster relief, and other critical operations. The architecture is based on emerging science and technology that has been under development in information management. Lessons learned in the implementation of decision-support systems for Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear defense, standards, spiral-systems integration and implementation, and web-service-centric computing, contribute to the architecture's design. The theoretical underpinnings of such a system are represented using a formalistic approach called "paradigm reuse."
Data management challenges and development for military information systems by Marion G Ceruti( )

1 edition published in 2003 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Information Management Engineering (IME) Laboratory: A Database Development Facility( Book )

1 edition published in 1991 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

An Information Management Engineering (IME) database development laboratory is described that features a VAX/Macintosh hardware suite and a menudriven user interface. The software system was created for - and is used by - database developers and database administrators who work with the Digital Equipment Corporation Virtual Memory Operating System (VMS) and the Oracle Database Management System. It was designed to accomplish a variety of database- related tasks, including data input from magnetic tape, disk file management, database fill, data entry, data dictionary report generation, data quality analysis and validation, data reference inventory management, and user communications. This system was used to develop and enhance several command and control databases for the following projects: the OSIS Baseline Upgrade(OBU); the Maritime Defense Zone (MDZ); the Operations Support Group Prototype (OSGP); the Fleet Command Center Battle Management Program (FCCBMP) for CINCPACFLT at Pearl Harbor, HI; CINCPACAF Integrated Decision Support System (CIDSS) testing for CINCPACAF at Hicham Air Force Base, HI; the Mobile Systems Tactical Data Facility (MSTDF); and the Operational Support System (OSS)
Preprocessing and Integration of Data from Multiple Sources for Knowledge Discovery( )

1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The explosive growth in the generation and collection of data has generated an urgent need for a new generation of techniques and tools that can assist in transforming these data intelligently and automatically into useful knowledge. Knowledge discovery is an emerging multidisciplinary field that attempts to fulfill this need. Knowledge discovery is a large process that includes data selection, cleaning, preprocessing, integration, transformation and reduction, data mining, model selection, evaluation and interpretation, and finally consolidation and use of the extracted knowledge. This paper addresses the issues of data cleaning and integration for knowledge discovery by proposing a systematic approach for resolving semantic conflicts that are encountered during the integration of data from multiple sources. Illustrated with examples derived from military databases, the paper presents a heuristics based algorithm for identifying and resolving semantic conflicts at different levels of information granularity
Combining New and Existing Technology to Enhance Future Naval Meteorological and Oceanographic (METOC) Data Systems( )

1 edition published in 1998 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper presents a brief description of the Meteorological and Oceanographic (METOC) system and a discussion of various aspects of the METOC database that emphasizes the importance of combining new and existing technology. The METOC database components were designed according to a database centric architecture to assist the users in obtaining up to date information from the DII/COE compliant METOC system. The Meteorological and Oceanographic (METOC) database is a dynamic, distributed database that conforms to the DII/COE requirement of providing general availability to all users of the system. Several key aspects of METOC database technology are of interest to various users who have special requirements. Because each key aspect must be implemented in concert with users requirements, some adaptations may be necessary. The most important feature of a database server from the user perspective is its capability to deliver to the user the required information in a timely and user friendly manner. This paper discusses various aspects of the impact of technology evolution on the METOC database and its impact on the system design and development cycle
Sensor Ontology Integration for the Knowledge Management for Distributed-Tracking (KMDT) Program( )

1 edition published in 2006 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper describes Knowledge Management for Distributed-Tracking (KMDT), which is an ongoing research and development project to explore methods to improve military functions in the battle space, such as command, control, and decision support. It features a hypothetical use-case scenario that shows how knowledge-management technologies, such as ontologies and intelligent agents, can be used to improve battle-space awareness and the decision-making process in command centers with respect to distributed tracking and threat identification of platforms. The KMDT sensor ontology is based partly on concepts described in the MIL-STD-2525B and STANAG 4420 specifications, which define symbology to represent level-one data-fusion information, such as the classification of platforms and targets in the battle space. The paper includes a discussion of ontology-integration examples of this with this symbology as it relates to fusion and tracking
Modeling and Simulation for the Knowledge Management for Distributed Tracking (KMDT) Program( )

1 edition published in 2005 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper describes the application and the approach to modeling and simulation for Knowledge Management for Distributed Tracking (KMDT). This is an ongoing research and development program to explore methods to improve command, control, and decision support functions in the battle space. The focus of the simulation effort is on a hypothetical scenario designed to simulate how knowledge management technologies, such as ontologies and intelligent agents can be used to improve battle space awareness. New decision-making processes are needed in command centers to enable distributed network-based tracking. Agents can use web services to access data and schemas at multiple platforms in the battle space. New methods are needed to support distributed tracking with dissimilar sensors such as RADAR and SONAR. These approaches can reduce the uncertainty in the detection, localization, classification and identification of unknown contacts
A Review of Data Base System Terminology( )

2 editions published between 1998 and 1999 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This chapter presents a review of the rapidly growing vocabulary of data base system technology, along with its conflicts and ambiguities. The solutions offered address some of the problems encountered in communication concepts and ideas in this field. This effort is intended to be a first step toward the development of a more comprehensive, standard set of terms that can be used throughout the industry. More work is needed to identify and resolve the differences in interpretation between the many terms used in data administration, data base development, data base administration, data base research, and marketing as they occur in industry, government, and academia
Gesture-Directed Sensor-Information Fusion (GDSIF) for Protection and Communication in Hazardous Environments( )

1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This position paper describes a vision of how Chemical Biological Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN) situation awareness and threat assessment can benefit from the use of Gesture-Directed Sensor-Information Fusion (GDSIF). It describes a concept of operations for the war fighter's use of electronic wireless-communication gloves (eGloves) to communicate, plan, and react while wearing Mission-Oriented Protective Posture (MOPP) gear. It also suggests the benefit of using the hardware and firmware resident on the eGloves to perform data fusion from environmental sensors. It provides a roadmap of research issues and challenges that will need to be overcome to realize this technological advance
An Expanded Review of Information-System Terminology( )

1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Terminology pertaining to database systems is reviewed particularly with respect to relational database systems; heterogeneous, distributed database systems; and information management methods. The literature of a variety of database researchers and data administrators is included in this review. A comparison between the different ways in which some of the terminology is used in the industry is presented. In some cases, different definitions of the same term can be consistent when these definitions pertain to different aspects of the entity that the term represents. In other cases, popular misconceptions about word meanings are explained. Resolutions to conflicts in meaning and usage are suggested. Both the similarity and the diversity of ideas concerning the most basic, as well as the more complex database concepts are covered. For example, the discussions range from an examination of the word, data, in the general section, to the classification of synonyms in the section on semantic heterogeneity. This expanded review contains further comparison between types of data associations and between information storage and retrieval methods. It includes a comparison between knowledge bases and databases
Enhancing Dependability of the Battlefield Single Integrated Picture through Metrics for Modeling and Simulation of Time-Critical Scenarios( )

1 edition published in 2003 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Global Interoperability Using Semantics, Standards, Science and Technology (GIS3T)( )

1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Global Interoperability Using Semantics, Standards, Science and Technology" is a concept that is predicated on the assumption that the semantic integration, frameworks and standards that support information exchange, and advances in science and technology can enable information-systems interoperability for many diverse users. This paper recommends technologies and approaches for enabling interoperability across a wide spectrum of political, geographical, and organizational levels, e.g. coalition, federal, state, tribal, regional, non government, and private. These recommendations represent steps toward the goal of the Semantic Web, where computers understand information on web sites through knowledge representations, agents, and ontologies
Knowledge Management for Distributed Tracking( )

1 edition published in 2008 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Modeling and simulation, intelligent software agents, and other technologies can support network-centric distributed tracking. These technologies came together in the Knowledge Management for Distributed Tracking (KMDT) research and development program to improve naval command, control, and decision support. The program's approach is based on the use of simulated data from sensor and motion models, intelligent software agents, integrated sensor ontology, and a line-of-bearing cross-fix algorithm. Modeling and simulation was used to generate test data that intelligent agents ingested to search for information that could help localize and characterize unknown contacts in the simulated battle space. In these simulations using a hypothetical scenario, intelligent-software agents were deployed over a simulated, secure Web-like network to find additional, possibly disparate, sensor data from other friendly platforms on unknown contacts. The concept of operations calls for the agents to interact with the integrated sensor ontology to facilitate distributed, heterogeneous sensor-data fusion and to reduce uncertainty. To illustrate these concepts, a simulation is described that generated 400 contact reports consisting of passive lines of bearing that were fused subsequently by intelligent agents to localize the contacts, thus demonstrating the potential of this approach to reduce information overload for the operator. The KMDT approach demonstrates how knowledge management technologies can be employed to improve situation awareness and reduce operator workload
Toward an Integrated System for Command and Control Net-Centric Web Services and Sustainment: Application to Homland Security( )

1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper describes the architecture and requirements of an integrated system that is needed to support the command-and-control requirements of the Department of Homeland Security during crisis prevention, disaster relief, and other critical operations. The architecture is based on emerging science and technology that has been under development in information management. Lessons learned in the implementation of decision-support systems for Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear defense, standards, spiral-systems integration and implementation, and web-service-centric computing, contribute to the architecture's design. The theoretical underpinnings of such a system are represented using a formalistic approach called "paradigm reuse."
Interaction of Language, Culture and Cognition in Group Dynamics for Understanding the Adversary( )

1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper describes an analytical study of language, culture, cognition, and their contribution to concepts in an upper ontology to support asymmetric and irregular warfare for the U.S. Marine Corps. This ontology is designed to interact with decision-support applications for fighting the global war on terror. The long-term goal of this effort is to understand and predict the actions of terrorist individuals and groups from diverse cultures. The fusion of language and cultural factors, such as religion, and their contribution to cognition is explored vis-a-vis ingroup-outgroup perceptions that influence and reflect thought patterns and behavior. The interaction between natural language, culture and cognition provides a way to augment an integrated upper ontology with language-related and cross-cultural concepts that can support intelligence analysts. This paper introduces two models that provide an insight into topics relevant to cognitive-information operations. The hypothesis and suggested experimental approach are focused on methods and metrics to generate group profiles and to detect an individual's group bias from selected word patterns
Knowledge Discovery in Heterogeneous Environments( )

1 edition published in 2002 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This chapter addresses the topic of knowledge discovery in heterogeneous environments. It begins with an overview of the knowledge-discovery process. Because of the importance of using clean, consistent data in the knowledge-discovery process, the chapter focuses on the problems of data integration and cleansing by presenting a framework of semantic conflicts identification and an algorithm for their resolution. The chapter then describes the various data mining tasks that can be performed on the cleansed data, such as association rules, sequential patterns, classification and clustering. It also discusses data mining models and algorithms, such as those related to neural networks, rule induction, decision trees, K-nearest neighbors, and genetic algorithms. The chapter concludes with a summary
Ontology for Level-One Sensor Fusion and Knowledge Discovery( )

1 edition published in 2004 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This position paper presents concepts and applications of an ontology for level-one sensor fusion. It covers platforms, sensors, tangible entities as well as intangible entities, such as concepts. Relationships between entities are part of the ontology. Verbs as well as nouns are included. Concepts such as reasoning under uncertainty also are part of the sensor-fusion ontology. Applications relate to knowledge discovery and the pattern recognition of potential security threats
Data Management Challenges and Development for Military Information Systems( )

1 edition published in 2003 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper explores challenges facing information system professionals in the management of data and knowledge in the Department of Defense (DOD), particularly in the information systems utilized to support Command, Control, Communications, Computers, and Intelligence (C41). These information systems include operational tactical systems, decision/support systems, modeling and simulation systems, and nontactical business systems, all of which affect the design, operation, interoperation, and application of C41 systems. Specific topics include issues in integration and interoperability, joint standards, data access, data aggregation, information system component reuse, and legacy systems. Broad technological trends, as well as the use of specific developing technologies are discussed in light of how they may enable the DOD to meet the present and future information- management challenges
Establishing a Data-Mining Environment for Wartime Event Prediction with an Object-Oriented Command and Control Database( )

1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper documents progress to date on a research project, the goal of which is wartime-event prediction. It describes the operational concept, the data-mining environment, and data-mining techniques that use Bayesian networks for classification. Key steps in the research plan are as follows: I) implement machine learning; 2) test the trained networks; and 3) use the technique to support a battlefield commander by predicting enemy attacks. Data for training and testing the technique can be extracted from the object-oriented database that supports the Integrated Marine Multi-Agent Command and Control System (IMMACCS). These data were derived from message traffic generated during U.S. Marine Corps exercises. The class structure in the IMMACCS data model is especially well suited to support attack classification. Published in Proceedings of the Third IEEE International Symposium on Object-Oriented Real-time Distributed Computing, ISORC2K, pp. 174-179, March 15-17, 2000
 
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English (21)