WorldCat Identities

Ecole doctorale Littératures françaises et comparées (Paris)

Overview
Works: 123 works in 129 publications in 1 language and 134 library holdings
Genres: History  Criticism, interpretation, etc 
Roles: 996, Degree grantor
Classifications: B67 C438 2011, 500
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Ecole doctorale Littératures françaises et comparées (Paris)
De fleurs, d'or, de lait, de miel : les images mariames dans les collections miraculaires romanes du XIII ème siècle by Marie-Laure Savoye( Book )

2 editions published between 2009 and 2014 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Miracles of the Virgin tell the story of encounters between human beings and the saint, and in the telling the encounter is shared with the community of those whose access to the experience is via reading. In the initial experience as well as in its subsequent re-telling in poetic form, vision, or more precisely the visio corporalis, the visio spiritalis and the visio intellectualis, as defined by St Augustine, has an important role to play. The dividing line between these three levels is a shifting one, but it is possible to see them as corresponding to three types of image associated with the Virgin: those pertaining to her worship, to her visionary appearances, and to epithets used as replacements for her name. All three are necessary components in the portrayal of a heroine whose perfection can be celebrated only in the exuberance of the spoken word and in its variety. The present study analyses the respective contribution of each of these three types of vision by focusing on three clusters of metaphors: flowers (of the fields or of rhetoric), gold (both a regal and a divine attribute), and milk (emblematic of the maternal). It shows how these three combine together to produce a relationship of sweetness and joy which is the counterpart to the joi celebrated in the lyrics of courtly love
Le théâtre espagnol de Lesage by Sylvie de Maussion de Favières( Book )

2 editions published between 2009 and 2014 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Le Traître puni et Don Félix de Mendoce, traductions de 1700, Le Point d'honneur et Don César Ursin, adaptations de 1702 et 1707, constituent le premier corpus signifiant de l'œuvre de Lesage. En se penchant au début du XVIIIe s. sur des comedias du Siècle d'Or, une de Lope de Vega (Guardar y guardarse), une de Calderón (Peor está que estaba), deux de Rojas Zorrilla (La traición busca el castigo, No hay amigo para amigo), Lesage ne commet pas d'erreur d'appréciation : il choisit lucidement un genre désuet pour se livrer à une entreprise ambitieuse de rénovation de la scène française, qu'autoriserait l'alliance raisonnée des réussites française et espagnole. Né d'un projet didactique, clairement exprimé dans la préface de 1700, ce théâtre reste avant tout celui d'un praticien, attentif à l'évolution des goûts du public et des formes littéraires, qui se forge une technique d'adaptation dans la pratique. La confrontation des éditions de 1700 et 1739, la découverte et l'exploitation de manuscrits inédits, du premier Point d'honneur à L'Arbitre des différends, matérialisent les retours successifs sur un texte déjà second, en vue d'une accommodation aux diverses scènes concurrentes de l'époque. Palimpseste par nature et vocation, l'écriture, toujours ludique chez Lesage, est aussi, essentiellement, critique. Soumettant toute influence à un examen systématique, elle s'en nourrit pour affirmer son originalité, choisit d'explorer des pistes, en refuse d'autres. L'hommage s'y fait de façon détournée, empruntant volontiers la voie de la parodie. L'édition de ce premier théâtre invite à découvrir des textes oubliés pour pénétrer plus avant dans la connaissance de Lesage
Le dialogue scientifique au XVIIIème siècle postérité de Fontenelle et vulgarisation des sciences by Fabrice Chassot( Book )

2 editions published in 2008 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Le dialogue scientifique est une forme majeure de vulgarisation des sciences au XVIIIe siècle. Fontenelle en donne le modèle. Les dialogues scientifiques, bien qu'ils mettent souvent en scène un échange entre une marquise et un philosophe, comportent aussi des scénographies très variées. Le genre évolue vers un didactisme accru. Il est un élément majeur de diffusion de la physico-théologie. Diderot le subvertit. Le dialogue n'est pas tant utilisé pour sa valeur pédagogique que pour sa fonction de propagande. Mettant en scène un parcours d'apprentissage et la réception d'une théorie scientifique plus ou moins orthodoxe dans la société, il concourt à transformer la science en culture, et malgré ses visées parfois apologétique il contribue au développement de l'esprit des lumières. Il contribue à transformer les représentations du monde, remet en cause l'anthropocentrisme comme le principe d'autorité. Il initie à de nouvelles formes de démonstrations et de raisonnement
L'archive du "Coup de dés" étude critique de la réception de "Un coup de Dés jamais n'abolira le Hasard" de Stéphane Mallarmé (1897-2007) by Thierry Roger( Book )

2 editions published in 2008 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This work, which intends to break with a fairly intuitive vision "effect of Un Coup de dés" in the twentieth century, seeks to establish his "archive", according to a dual perspective : that of "archivistic" on the one hand, which leeds us to identify positive references to the poem, between 1897 and 2007, mainly in french, that of the "archaeology" on the other hand, which involves the interpretations' interpretations. After an overview of the immediate reception, we describe the gradual process of text institutionalization, through the various "speech" that have been held (first part). Then, to illustrate the multifaceted dimension of this reception, this work deals with differents transpositions of the poem outside the realm of poetry : image, stage, music, theory, and philosophy. We describe then "practices", which have shed light on the particularity of the poem, while being informed by him. Before concluding, we outline the proper literary legacy of Un Coup de dés - the formal rewrites - by addressing the query of genre (second part). The research concludes with a critical assessment highlighting the major interpretation's conflicts, while showing the double dimension of the text, both aporetical and epiphanic
L'orientalisme français et la littérature tunisienne francophone relations et influences by Linda Beji( Book )

2 editions published between 2009 and 2014 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

French orientalism and French-speaking Tunisian literature are the expression of socio-cultural and politico-economic relations between France and Tunisia. During the XIXth century and at the beginning of XXth century, a mutual attraction links these two countries: France likes the exoticism of Tunisia and this one likes the modernity of French people. Literary and pictorial works are the evidence of this reciprocal interest. But imperialism changes this relation: the image of the other changes and the other becomes the enemy. Then we witness a proliferation of stereotypes for French people and a self-defining fall for Tunisians. After Independence, in France, the French exiles and the Tunisian immigrants know the same uneasiness : rejection because of difference. A complete integration and/or a communautarism are then consequences of this racism. In Tunisia, the westernized government disappoints the people: Tunisians are pulled between tradition and modernity, dream and reality. Literature is the oriental way to express disillusion, critics, identity. Franco-Tunisian relations are subjected to the hazards of History and Mankind; nevertheless, today, they remain friendly
La reine de Saba des traditions au mythe littéraire by Aurélia Hetzel( Book )

2 editions published between 2009 and 2014 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

La reine de Saba joue un rôle important dans les Traditions des trois religions monothéistes ainsi que dans la littérature et dans les arts. Le parcours menant des textes religieux au mythe littéraire montre les différentes figures qu'elle incarne, de la sagesse à la luxure. L'exploration des modes de relations intertextuelles et de relations entre les arts révèle les variations subies par rapport au scénario initial et les aspects du mythe retenus ainsi que la manière dont la potentialité mythique des textes fondateurs opère dans la structure et la littérarité des textes. L'analyse des modalités d'apparition de la reine de Saba permet d'envisager les œuvres en termes de relais, de détours et de variations et révèle que, dans l'imaginaire, la reine de Saba est un modèle idéal et son mythe une histoire exemplaire
Les derniers feux de la tragedie classique étude du genre tragique en France sous la Restauration et la Monarchie de Juillet by Maurizio Melai( )

1 edition published in 2011 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study concerns the practice of the genre of classical tragedy in the nineteenth century, particularly during the Restoration and the July Monarchy. It focuses on the last developments of tragedy in France and documents the evolution and the progressive decline of this genre during the first half of the nineteenth century; that is until its disappearance from French theatres, which took place around 1850. By considering a corpus of eighty plays, this work aims to give a clear picture of the tragic genre and tragic authors of the Restoration and the July Monarchy, or more exactly of the forty years from 1814 to 1854. This work is conceived as the study of a literary code and is divided into two parts: in the first part, we try to define the tragic code of the post-Napoleonic era on the basis of the formal constants which characterise it, showing the evolution of the stylistic, structural and dramaturgic features of tragedy. In the second part, we look at the thematic constants of this code, studying the strategies that tragedy uses to transpose - through the historical and highly allusive subjects that it treats - the principal social and political problems of its time. Finally, by showing the continuity which exists between the declining tragic genre and the romantic drama, we try to valorise the texts in our corpus and to underline their modern features. This leads us to look for the reasons behind the persistence of a traditional genre like the classical tragedy and for the factors which revitalise it in the nineteenth century
Fin de l'idylle ? étude sur les formes et les significations de l'idylle dans la littérature française du dix-neuvième siècle by Violaine Boneu( )

1 edition published in 2010 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Au carrefour de la théorie des genres, de l'histoire littéraire et de l'herméneutique, ce travail entreprend de repenser le statut de l'idylle dans la littérature française du XIXe siècle. Allant à l'encontre du lieu commun selon lequel l'idylle ne serait plus, après André Chénier, qu'un genre figé dans des clichés définitivement anachroniques, il propose quelques outils conceptuels permettant d'analyser la dynamique actuelle des formes et des significations de l'idylle. La notion articule, au XIXe siècle, trois logiques majeures : une logique rhétorique, qui inscrit l'idylle dans une poétique des genres ; une logique historico-philosophique, qui, depuis le XVIIIe siècle, envisage l'idylle comme un mythe de l'origine et une figuration de l'Idéal ; une logique psychologique, enfin, issue de la révolution Romantique, qui définit l'idylle en termes d'illusion, de fantasme ou de rêve. Du fait même de cette complexité, l'idylle est un point d'observation privilégié des grandes mutations de la modernité. En brossant un panorama général des évolutions du genre au XIXe siècle et en interrogeant les références explicites à l'idylle dans certaines œuvres poétiques et romanesques majeures de Nerval, Hugo, Baudelaire, Mallarmé, Balzac et Zola, cet ouvrage propose un point de vue nouveau sur la crise de la subjectivité, sur la crise de la représentation littéraire et sur la redéfinition du traditionnel partage entre prose et poésie
Fénélon et le rhétorique de la direction spirituelle au XVII ème siècle by Pauline Chaduc( Book )

1 edition published in 2009 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Fénelon was one of the most famous spiritual guides of his time. A large part of his work, letters and discussions, are dedicated to this ministry. For him spiritual guidance is an art of government, which means rhetoric based on adaptation and pedagogy of order. It is also an art of dialogue where ethics and spiritual principles articulate with pragmatic imperatives. This rhetoric aims to lead men to a clear vision of themselves in order to unite with God
L'évolution de la figure littéraire de Ponce Pilate (XIXème-XXIème siècle) by Caroline Perry( )

1 edition published in 2014 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This dissertation is dedicated to Pontius Pilate's figure and to his evolution in Western literature (French, English, and Spanish) from the 19th century. The study examines his role in literature under the light of Pierre Brunel's mythocriticism, and analyzes how his portrayal developed over time. From his wake to his rise, Pontius Pilate becomes a real object of interest, a fictional subject on his own. This work concludes that he does not correspond to the actual definition of a myth. Rather, he has some aspects of it and even carries some mythemes of his own such as the symbolic gesture of washing his hands or his wife's glowing presence. Lastly, if Pilate belongs to Jesus of Nazareth's narrative format, he is then a mythical figure, and therefore his partial or even total rehabilitation must necessarily pass through the character's political aspect. Modern writers seek for the man underneath the legend. Between Romanism and Christianity, modern time voices place Pilate against his own humanity
Représentations du fait divers dans le théâtre français (1969-2004) by Diana Pakrevan( )

1 edition published in 2009 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

De nombreux dramaturges contemporains manifestent un intérêt surprenant pour le fait divers, un type dřinformation considéré comme anecdotique, suscitant une curiosité morbide chez le spectateur et difficile à cerner à cause de la variété des sujets quřil aborde. La thèse fondamentale de ce travail est que, par le biais du fait divers, le théâtre cherche une confrontation avec les médias et se redéfinit, repense son rôle. Par lřanalyse des structures dramatiques (espace, temps, action, parole) dřune cinquantaine de pièces françaises publiées dans lřaprès 1968, cette étude vise à répondre à trois questions : quelles sont les représentations du monde offertes par les médias et le théâtre à travers le fait divers ? Quels sont les modes de représentations respectifs ? Quelle est la fonction du théâtre qui en résulte et en quoi sřécarte-t-elle de celle des moyens de communication de masse ? Cette thèse inclut également vingt-cinq interviews avec des dramaturges et un parcours anthologique
Le lieu, l'histoire, le sang : l'hispanité des musulmans d'Espagne dans les littératures arabe, espagnole et française (15ème - 17ème siècles) by Émilie Picherot( )

1 edition published in 2009 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

L'hispanité des musulmans d'Espagne est au centre d'un débat récurrent sur l'identité collective des Espagnols. En faisant de la présence politique des musulmans une parenthèse historique de huit siècles, le romancero les exclut non seulement de l'espace péninsulaire mais aussi de l'hispanité elle-même, il annonce ainsi l'expulsion définitive des Morisques de 1609. Un autre discours est pourtant développé durant le siècle qui suit 1492 ; les littératures hispano-arabe et aljamiada mais aussi parfois castillane en témoignent. Le roman hispano-mauresque français, un siècle plus tard, reprend le personnage du musulman d'Espagne qui devient le support d'une hispanité fantasmée qui se définit par les contacts avec le monde arabo-musulman via la Méditerranée. Le Maure de Grenade est alors un modèle littéraire qui fournit à l'Europe une représentation positive du monde arabo-musulman. Idéalisé, tolérant et généreux, le Moro n'est plus simplement un Espagnol, il est le support d'une réflexion sur la mixité religieuse et sur l'attachement collectif au lieu
Des secrets à l'œuvre formes et enjeux romanesques du secret dans À la recherche du temps perdu de Marcel Proust by Maya Lavault( )

1 edition published in 2009 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Cette « enquête » sur le secret dans À la recherche du temps perdu s'attache à montrer que le secret, parce qu'il fonctionne comme une thématique romanesque engageant la structure même du récit, permet de saisir la tension, au sein de l'œuvre proustienne, entre une conception positiviste de la narration et du sens largement tributaire des modèles épistémologiques du XIXe siècle et sa mise en question, qui caractérise la production romanesque du XXe siècle. L'analyse des figures et des motifs récurrents du secret, en relation avec la fortune de la notion dans l'histoire des idées et des formes romanesques au tournant des XIXe et XXe siècles, montre que se développe dans la Recherche un imaginaire empreint à la fois d'une mythologie personnelle et de thématiques héritées du roman policier et du roman d'aventures. L'analyse des techniques narratives fournissant au roman sa structure énigmatique permet ensuite de dégager le « parcours herméneutique » proposé au lecteur sur les traces du héros-narrateur : sa dynamique, qui témoigne de l'émergence d'un paradigme indiciaire accompagnant le renouvellement des sciences humaines, est progressivement minée par l'émergence d'une autre logique, fondée sur l'indétermination du sens et la multiplicité des points de vue. Enfin, l'analyse de « l'entre-deux » générique et interprétatif montre que l'œuvre proustienne propose une expérience de lecture qui ouvre la voie à une conception de l'interprétation fondée sur la prise en compte des possibles mis en jeu par l'écriture fictionnelle
Savoir par cœur : enjeux de la mémorisation des textes pour les études littéraires by Fabrice Nowak( )

1 edition published in 2015 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Quel intérêt les études littéraires auraient-elles à remettre au goût du jour l'apprentissage par cœur de textes littéraires ? Le par cœur semble aujourd'hui une pratique pédagogique de nostalgiques et de réactionnaires. On lui reproche de faire moins bien et moins rapidement ce que la technologie fait sans effort. On l'accuse aussi de ne pas favoriser l'intelligence : elle est un travail mécanique de perroquet dans lequel la compréhension et l'esprit critique interviendraient peu. Ces critiques, qui peuvent paraître de bon sens, sont en fait selon nous le produit de trois logiques ou pensées qui dominent la pensée occidentale : la pensée matérialiste, la logique marchande et la logique de domination du masculin sur le féminin. Elles imprègnent tellement nos croyances et nos cadres cognitifs qu'on a du mal à penser en dehors d'elles. Nous confrontons dans cette thèse ces trois logiques à la question du par cœur : en interrogeant leurs présupposés et en mettant au jour certaines de leurs failles, on s'aperçoit alors que le par cœur, en fonction de la manière dont on le pratique, peut revivifier les études littéraires
L'Encadrement théâtral une étude de la pratique et de la fonction herméneutique du parathéâtre en France au XVIIe siècle by Arni Lukas Arnason( )

1 edition published in 2009 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Literary studies of theatre have tended to focus on the play itself as though it were the only element of the representation. In reality, however, seventeenth century plays were almost always "framed" by various paratheatrical ornaments such as prologues, epilogues, choruses and intermèdes. Together the play and its complementary encadrements formed a dramatic whole. The purpose of this thesis is twofold. We will first undertake a practical study of each paratheatrical form in order to determine exactly how it was integrated into the performance and what its practical function was perceived to be. We will then analyse the way in which encadrements influence the interpretation of the play. The primary interest of this study is to illustrate the way in which paratheatre is used to direct the spectator's interpretation. We hope to demonstrate the interest of these "frames" as guides left by the authors and actors of the Grand Siècle, helping us to better understand the meaning of dramatic works as they were perceived in their own time
La construction et les fonctions de l'intrigue chez le théatre de Jean Anouilh by Yan Zhang( )

1 edition published in 2012 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The last century and this century are experiencing a new interest in the plot. The plot, not only related to events, but also to their structure, their overlap and their order, is actually a perception of the world. In addition, creating plots consists of involving oneself and the other in connection and in entanglement. So the plot can also serve to examine the relationship maintained by the subject with respect to oneself and the other. It becomes possible to relate the plot and lived time, the plot and the existence. The thesis analyzes construction and functions of the plot in the theater of Jean Anouilh with a historical, anthropological and poetic perspective. Replacing Jean Anouilh in his time and taking the well-made play as a benchmark helps us discover the value and weight of tradition as well as the characteristics of Anouilh's dramaturgical work. Identifying the links between how to build the plot and the theatrical vision of the author, who considers the theater as an artificial and poetic mind game, opens the possibility to reveal how the author, with the artifice, fantasy and play in the game, plays with the play in order to say what theater is and what it helps us with. Except for the construction of the plot, the functions of the plot finally allow us to probe the existential tensions that animate this specific theater
Le plaisir dans À la recherche du temps perdu by Aude Briot( )

1 edition published in 2009 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Pleasure appears in various guise in A la Recherche du Temps Perdu. It often directs the characters' lives or serves to define them: the objects and forms of pleasure enjoyed by the characters constitute indirect portraits of them. Pleasure is not only to be observed on an individual level, but can be analysed on the narrative level. Although it is everywhere to be found, it fails to be actually experienced by characters who more often than not reject it into the past or the future, and entertain a very negative vision of it. The senses indeed appear unable to provide pleasure, and only become sources of guilt, disappointment and retribution. Other paths to pleasure must then be discovered, but artificial paradises or perversions fail to yield real pleasure. The Proustian hero ultimately finds it in the world of imagination, especially through literary creation. Paradoxically, it is from the failure of experiencing pleasure that creative power derives
Le roman romain : généalogie d'un genre français by Donatien Grau( )

1 edition published in 2014 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This thesis aims to address the emergence and the development in French literature of a whole new genre, from the beginning of the 19th until the end of the 20th century: the contemporaneous Roman-themed novel. Dealing not with the stability of the Ancient City, its ruins and its monuments, but with the shifting urban and human landscape of the time, it disrupts the tradition of the Grand Tour, which was implicitly based on the notion that no fiction could be invented in the eternal present of Rome, since the perception one could have there was so deeply rooted in the past. By using the novel, writers were simultaneously confronted to the modernity of the medium and to the urban and political modernisation of the city, while the sign of Rome - the myth of the Eternal City - was always present in their mind. Novels set in contemporaneous Rome provided their authors with the possibility to engage with the most crucial issues inherent to the aesthetics and ethics of fiction: the role of belief in modern cultures - in terms of religion and its counterpart, literary fiction; the role of the past in the construction of modernity; the importance of the present in the experience of the past; the meaning of the Ancients at the time of the Moderns. Analysing the forms of the French contemporaneous Roman-themed novel signifies even more than engaging with the portrait of a city: it is a study in the relevance of Western paradigms
Fins tragiques : poétique et éthique du dénouement dans la tragédie pré-moderne en Italie, en France et en Espagne by Enrica Zanin( )

1 edition published in 2010 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The poetics of early modern denouement in Italian, Spanish and French tragedies implies an ethical issue. The ending of the plot is the expected climax which reveals the meaning and the moral of the story. The aim of the tragic denouement is twofold: it concludes the play and it reverses the hero's fate. In order to conclude the tragedy, the denouement restores a moral balance; in order to reverse the plot, it gives rise to a pathetic excess. Two divergent theoretical models underlie this dual requirement: the logic of exemplarity and the poetics of pathos. I propose to examine the strategies displayed by theorists and dramatists in order to bring together these two theoretical models. I therefore consider the three main features of the denouement (its direction, mode and structure) and the ethical issues to which they give rise (the sequence of causality, the tragic flaw and its atonement). The conciliation between exemplarity and pathos proves an impossibility: Italian, Spanish and French tragedy, despite their differences, denounce the logic of exemplarity as inadequate and unfit to justify, through the expression of a theoretical rule, the experience of misfortune, injustice and chaos. The tragic denouement leads the spectator to a hermeneutic deciphering that may uncover the reasons for the hero's inexplicable misfortunes
La mélancolie en français : édition commentée du "Discours des maladies mélancoliques" d'André Du Laurens (1594) by Radu Suciu( )

1 edition published in 2009 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

It is in 1594 that André Du Laurens (1558-1609), professor at Montpellier University and future physician to Henri IV first published his Discours de la conservation de la vue, des maladies mélancoliques, des catarrhes et de la vieillesse. The Discours des maladies mélancoliques [A Discourse of Melancholic Diseases], which forms part of this volume, is the first medical guide book on melancholy written directly in French. Appearing at the end of the Renaissance, it synthesizes fifteen centuries of medical and moral knowledge on the treatment of the dreaded and yet illusory black bile, thought to be at the origin of numerous fears, sorrows, dementia and suicide attempts. It also represents the French source of (and counterpart to) Robert Burton's Anatomy of Melancholy, which was to be published only three decades later (1621). Du Laurens' work brings together odd and often hilarious pathological descriptions with improbable therapies and prescriptions in a language which is easy to understand, and far removed from the complex medical jargon. Reprinted throughout the 17th century, but forgotten thereafter, we now present the modern reader with this unusual medical treatise from the prehistory of psychopathology, a text that will help us better grasp and understand the long genealogy of all our sorrows and modern melancholies
 
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Alternative Names
Université de Paris 4 (Paris). Ecole doctorale 3

Université de Paris IV (Paris). Ecole doctorale 3

Université de Paris-Sorbonne (Paris). Ecole doctorale de littératures françaises et comparées

Université de Paris-Sorbonne (Paris). Ecole doctorale III

Université de Paris-Sorbonne (Paris). ED19

Université de Paris-Sorbonne (Paris). ED3

Université de Paris-Sorbonne (Paris). EDIII

Languages
French (26)