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Advanced Nuclear Systems Consuming Excess Plutonium

Author: Erich R Merz; Carl E Walter
Publisher: Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint : Springer, 1997.
Series: NATO ASI Series, Series 1: Disarmament Technologies,, 15.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
A survey of recent developments in the field of plutonium disposal by the application of advanced nuclear systems, both critical and subcritical. Current national R & D plans are summarized. The actinide-fuelled critical reactors are associated with control problems, since they tend to have a small delayed neutron fraction coupled with a small Doppler effect and a positive void coefficient. Current thinking is  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Printed edition:
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Erich R Merz; Carl E Walter
ISBN: 9789400708600 9400708602 9789401037433 9401037434
OCLC Number: 840303351
Description: 1 online resource (XIII, 362 pages).
Contents: 1. Introduction to the workshop --
2. View on the problem of the Plutonium utilization in Russia --
3. Safety aspects of advanced nuclear systems consuming Plutonium --
4. Problems of excess Plutonium utilization in nuclear reactors --
5. Recent neutron physics investigations on the incineration of Plutonium and other Transurania elements --
6. The benefits of an advanced fast reactor fuel cycle for Plutonium management --
7. Experience of SSC RF RINR on usage of Uranium-Plutonium oxide fuel in nuclear reactors --
8. Energy source for the human demand --
9. Plutonium-based nuclear power and nonproliferation --
10. The cost of weapons Plutonium disposition through MOX utilisation in existing commercial LWRs --
11. A realistic Plutonium elimination scheme with fast energy amplifiers and Thorium-Plutonium fuel --
12. Weapons grade Plutonium destruction in the gas turbine modular helium reactor (GT-MHR) --
13. Accelerator driven systems --
some safety and fuel cycle considerations --
14. Advanced CANDU Systems for Plutonium destruction --
15. Advanced systems for Plutonium utilization --
16. Burning of weapon-grade Plutonium in WER and HTGR reactors --
17. Utilization of excess Plutonium in molten salt reactors --
18. Accelerator-driven systems --
a new perspective on Fission Energy --
19. On solving the fissionable Materials non-proliferation problem in the closed Uranium-Thorium cycle --
20. Destruction of Plutonium and other nuclear waste materials using the accelerator-driven transmutation of waste concept --
21. Environmental & safety problems in Plutonium utilization & power generation --
22. Accelerator-driven transmutation system with liquid Lead cooling-Basic conditions, layout goals and results --
23. Plutonium problem and one of the solution techniques --
24. The utilitarian approach to the disposition of Plutonium --
25. Neutron spectrum concerning ex-weapon plutonium degradation and Plutonium utilization in the future --
26. Problems of radiochemical reprocessing, related to Plutonium utilization --
27. French Law on waste management research --
General view on the partitioning program and current state of partitioning studies --
28. Self-regulating processes in nuclear reactor --
SUMMARIES of the PAPERS PRESENTED at the WORKSHOP --
WORKSHOP SUMMARY and EVALUATION.
Series Title: NATO ASI Series, Series 1: Disarmament Technologies,, 15.
Other Titles: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop, Moscow, Russia, 13-16 October 1996
Responsibility: edited by Erich R. Merz, Carl E. Walter.

Abstract:

Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop, Moscow, Russia, 13-16 October 1996  Read more...

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The book's conclusion is that the various systems proposed are technically feasible, even though not yet technically mature. The book presents a unique summary and evaluation of all relevant possibilities for burning surplus plutonium, presented by experts from a variety of different disciplines and interests, including the defence establishment. The obvious issue - the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons - is vital, but the matter represents a complex technological challenge that also requires an assessment in economic terms.
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