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Advances in environmental chemistry and toxicology of mercury

Autore: Yong Cai; Guangliang Liu; Nelson J O'Driscoll; Wiley InterScience (Online service)
Editore: Hoboken, N.J. : John Wiley & Sons, 2012.
Edizione/Formato:   eBook : Document : EnglishVedi tutte le edizioni e i formati
Banca dati:WorldCat
Sommario:
"The book that looks at mercury's impact on the planet today. Recent research by the EPA has concluded that one in six women of childbearing age have unsafe levels of mercury in their bodies, which puts 630,000 newborn babies each year at risk of neurological impairment. Mercury poses severe risks to the health of animals and ecosystems around the world, and this book provides the essential information that anyone  Per saperne di più…
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Genere/forma: Electronic books
Informazioni aggiuntive sul formato: Print version:
Advances in Environmental Chemistry and Toxicology of Mercury.
Hoboken : John Wiley & Sons, c2011
(OCoLC)751796237
Tipo materiale: Document, Risorsa internet
Tipo documento: Internet Resource, Computer File
Tutti gli autori / Collaboratori: Yong Cai; Guangliang Liu; Nelson J O'Driscoll; Wiley InterScience (Online service)
ISBN: 9781118146644 1118146646 0470578726 9780470578728
Numero OCLC: 786005678
Descrizione: 1 online resource (xix, 574 p.) : ill.
Contenuti: PREFACE xiii <p>ACKNOWLEDGMENTS xv <p>CONTRIBUTORS xvii <p>1 OVERVIEW OF MERCURY IN THE ENVIRONMENT 1 Guangliang Liu, Yong Cai, Nelson O Driscoll, XinbinFeng, and Guibin Jiang <p>1.1 Introduction / 1 <p>1.2 Toxicity and Health Risks of Mercury Exposure / 2 <p>1.3 Sources of Mercury / 2 <p>1.4 Overview of Mercury Biogeochemical Cycling / 7 <p>1.5 Structure of the Book / 8 <p>1.6 Concluding Remarks / 9 <p>References / 9 <p>PART I ANALYTICAL DEVELOPMENTS 13 <p>2 ADVANCES IN SPECIATION ANALYSIS OF MERCURY IN THEENVIRONMENT 15 Yanbin Li, Yongguang Yin, Guangliang Liu, and YongCai <p>2.1 Introduction / 15 <p>2.2 Sample Preparation for Hg Speciation in EnvironmentalSamples / 16 <p>2.3 Application of GC Technique in Hg Speciation Analysis /32 <p>2.4 Application of HPLC Technique in Hg Speciation Analysis /36 <p>2.5 Application of Capillary Electrophoresis Techniques in HgSpeciation Analysis / 39 <p>2.6 Application of X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy in ProbingChemical Microenvironment of Hg / 40 <p>2.7 Application of Stable Isotope Dilution Technique in MercurySpeciation Analysis / 41 <p>2.8 Summary / 43 <p>References / 44 <p>3 MEASURING GAS PHASE MERCURY EMISSIONS FROM INDUSTRIALEFFLUENTS 59 Samuel J. Ippolito, Ylias M. Sabri, and Suresh K.Bhargava <p>3.1 Introduction / 59 <p>3.2 Standardized Methods for Measuring Mercury / 72 <p>3.3 Mercury Continuous Emission Monitors (CEMs) / 81 <p>3.4 Future Outlook / 95 <p>References / 96 <p>PART II SPECIATION AND TRANSFORMATION 111 <p>4 ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY OF MERCURY 113 Che-Jen Lin, Pattaraporn Singhasuk, and Simo O.Pehkonen <p>4.1 Introduction / 113 <p>4.2 The Overall Picture / 114 <p>4.3 Chemical Transformations in the Gas Phase / 118 <p>4.4 Chemical Transformations in the Aqueous Phase / 131 <p>4.5 Redox Chemistry at the Interface Between the Atmosphere andEarth s Surfaces / 136 <p>4.6 Atmospheric Implications of the Identified Redox Pathways /139 <p>4.7 Future Research Needs / 143 <p>References / 144 <p>5 MICROBIAL TRANSFORMATIONS IN THE MERCURY CYCLE 155 Chu-Ching Lin, Nathan Yee, and Tamar Barkay <p>5.1 Introduction / 155 <p>5.2 Mercury Methylation / 158 <p>5.3 Methylmercury Degradation / 168 <p>5.4 Redox Cycling of Inorganic Hg / 169 <p>5.5 Conclusions / 179 <p>References / 180 <p>6 PHOTOREACTIONS OF MERCURY IN AQUATIC SYSTEMS 193 Emma E. Vost, Marc Amyot, and Nelson J.O Driscoll <p>6.1 Significance of Mercury Photoreactions / 193 <p>6.2 Concepts in Mercury Photoreactions / 194 <p>6.3 Current Methods in Mercury Photochemistry / 209 <p>6.4 Summary / 211 <p>References / 212 <p>7 CHEMICAL SPECIATION OF MERCURY IN SOIL AND SEDIMENT219 Ulf Skyllberg <p>7.1 Introduction / 219 <p>7.2 Physicochemical Properties, Oxidation States, ChemicalForms, Structures, and Concentrations of Mercury in the Environment/ 220 <p>7.3 Aqueous Phase: Major Ligands and Their Affinities forMercury(II) / 222 <p>7.4 Liquid and Solid Phases of Mercury in Soils and Sediments /229 <p>7.5 Reactions of Mercury(II) with Soil and Sediment ParticleSurfaces / 231 <p>7.6 Stabilization of Nanoparticulate Mercury(II) Sulfides byNatural Organic Matter / 237 <p>7.7 Solubility and Chemical Speciation of Mercury(II) in Soilsand Sediments / 237 <p>7.8 Methods for Studying the Chemistry of Mercury(II) in Soilsand Sediments / 248 <p>7.9 Future Research Needs / 249 <p>References / 252 <p>8 THE EFFECTS OF DISSOLVED ORGANIC MATTER ON MERCURYBIOGEOCHEMISTRY 259 Chase A. Gerbig, Joseph N. Ryan, and George R. Aiken <p>8.1 Introduction / 259 <p>8.2 Dissolved Organic Matter / 260 <p>8.3 Field Observations / 263 <p>8.4 Effects of DOM on Mercury Distributions Between Solution andParticles / 265 <p>8.5 Mercury Binding Strength / 268 <p>8.6 Mercury Binding Environment / 271 <p>8.7 Methylmercury Binding Strength and Environment / 274 <p>8.8 DOM and Mercury Mineral Dissolution / 276 <p>8.9 DOM and Mercury Mineral Precipitation / 280 <p>References / 284 <p>9 TRACKING GEOCHEMICAL TRANSFORMATIONS AND TRANSPORT OFMERCURY THROUGH ISOTOPE FRACTIONATION 293 Holger Hintelmann and Wang Zheng <p>9.1 Introduction / 293 <p>9.2 Fractionation of Mercury Isotopes in Environmental Processes/ 300 <p>9.3 Hg Isotope Variations in Nature / 315 <p>9.4 Summary / 319 <p>References / 320 <p>PART III TRANSPORT AND FATE 329 <p>10 ATMOSPHERIC TRANSPORT OF MERCURY 331 Oleg Travnikov <p>10.1 Introduction / 331 <p>10.2 General Concepts of Mercury Cycling in the <p>Atmosphere / 331 <p>10.3 Methods for Studying Atmospheric Mercury Transport /336 <p>10.4 Assessments of Airborne Mercury Pollution / 342 <p>10.5 Knowledge Gaps / 354 <p>References / 356 <p>11 ADSORPTION OF MERCURY ON SOLIDS IN THE AQUATIC ENVIRONMENT367 Guangliang Liu, Yanbin Li, and Yong Cai <p>11.1 Introduction / 367 <p>11.2 Adsorption of Mercury on Solids / 369 <p>11.3 Role of Colloids in Mercury Adsorption / 374 <p>11.4 Concluding Remarks / 380 <p>References / 381 <p>12 EXCHANGE OF ELEMENTAL MERCURY BETWEEN THE OCEANS AND THEATMOSPHERE 389 Asif Qureshi, Matthew Macleod, Elsie Sunderland, and KonradHungerbu?? hler <p>12.1 Introduction / 389 <p>12.2 Models of Gas Exchange of Elemental Mercury at theAir Sea Interface / 390 <p>12.3 Field Studies of Ocean-To-Air Fluxes of Mercury / 398 <p>12.4 Rate Constants for Reduction and Oxidation of MercurySpecies in Ocean Waters / 400 <p>12.5 Modeling Studies Estimating Oceanic Air Sea Exchange/ 411 <p>12.6 Conclusions and Future Directions / 415 <p>References / 416 <p>13 EXCHANGE OF MERCURY BETWEEN THE ATMOSPHERE AND TERRESTRIALECOSYSTEMS 423 Mae Sexauer Gustin <p>13.1 General Overview / 423 <p>13.2 Methods and Tools Applied for Measurement and Understandingof Air Terrestrial Surface Exchange / 425 <p>13.3 Measured Fluxes / 433 <p>13.4 Conclusions / 442 <p>References / 444 <p>PART IV BIOACCUMULATION, TOXICITY, AND METALLOMICS 453 <p>14 BIOACCUMULATION AND BIOMAGNIFICATION OF MERCURY THROUGHFOOD WEBS 455 Karen Kidd, Meredith Clayden, and Tim Jardine <p>14.1 Introduction / 455 <p>14.2 Mercury in Aquatic and Terrestrial Organisms / 457 <p>14.3 Mercury within Organisms / 464 <p>14.4 Factors Affecting Mercury in Biota / 465 <p>14.5 Biomagnification of Mercury Through Food Webs / 474 <p>14.6 Mercury Stable Isotopes in Bioaccumulation Studies /481 <p>14.7 Case Study Kejimkujik National Park and HistoricSite, Nova Scotia, Canada / 482 <p>14.8 Conclusions / 484 <p>References / 485 <p>15 A REVIEW OF MERCURY TOXICITY WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TOMETHYLMERCURY 501 Mineshi Sakamoto, Katsuyuki Murata, Akiyoshi Kakita, andMasanori Sasaki <p>15.1 Introduction / 501 <p>15.2 Global Mercury Emission into the Atmosphere / 502 <p>15.3 Metabolism and Toxicity of Chemical Forms of Mercury /503 <p>15.4 Risk Assessment of Prenatal Exposure to Methylmercury /509 <p>15.5 Risks and Benefits of Fish Consumption for BrainDevelopment / 510 <p>15.6 Exceptional Methylmercury Exposure Through Rice / 510 <p>15.7 Summary / 511 <p>References / 511 <p>16 METALLOMICS OF MERCURY: ROLE OF THIOLANDSELENOL-CONTAINING BIOMOLECULES 517 Feiyue Wang, Marcos Lemes, and Mohammad A.K. Khan <p>16.1 Introduction / 517 <p>16.2 Metallomics of Mercury / 517 <p>16.3 Mercury and Methylmercury Complexes with Thiol-ContainingBiomolecules / 519 <p>16.4 Mercury and Methylmercury Binding to Selenol-ContainingBiomolecules / 522 <p>16.5 Lability of Mercury or Methylmercury Complexes with Thiolsor Selenols / 524 <p>16.6 Thiol-Containing Biomolecules in the Uptake and Metabolismof Mercury / 526 <p>16.7 Selenium Aided Biomineralization of Mercury andMethylmercury / 529 <p>16.8 Analytical and Modeling Approaches / 531 <p>16.9 Conclusion / 538 <p>References / 538 <p>17 HUMAN HEALTH SIGNIFICANCE OF DIETARY EXPOSURES TOMETHYLMERCURY 545 Anna L. Choi and Philippe Grandjean <p>17.1 Introduction / 545 <p>17.2 Methylmercury Exposure / 546 <p>17.3 Nutrients in Fish and Seafood / 548 <p>17.4 Major Prospective Cohort Studies / 549 <p>17.5 Health Effects / 552 <p>17.6 Cardiovascular Outcomes / 555 <p>17.7 Nutrient and Methylmercury Exposure as Predictors ofDevelopmental Outcomes / 556 <p>17.8 Confounding Variables / 557 <p>17.9 Risk Assessment and Exposure Imprecision / 558 <p>17.10 Conclusions / 559 <p>References / 561 <p>INDEX 569
Responsabilità: edited by Guangliang Liu, Yong Cai, Nelson O'Driscoll.

Abstract:

This book provides the fundamentals, recent developments, and future research needs for critical mercury transformation and transport processes, as well as the experimental methods that have been  Per saperne di più…

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