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Advances in environmental chemistry and toxicology of mercury

著者: Yong Cai; Guangliang Liu; Nelson J O'Driscoll; Wiley InterScience (Online service)
出版: Hoboken, N.J. : John Wiley & Sons, 2012.
エディション/フォーマット:   電子書籍 : Document : Englishすべてのエディションとフォーマットを見る
データベース:WorldCat
概要:
"The book that looks at mercury's impact on the planet today. Recent research by the EPA has concluded that one in six women of childbearing age have unsafe levels of mercury in their bodies, which puts 630,000 newborn babies each year at risk of neurological impairment. Mercury poses severe risks to the health of animals and ecosystems around the world, and this book provides the essential information that anyone  続きを読む
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ジャンル/形式: Electronic books
その他のフォーマット: Print version:
Advances in Environmental Chemistry and Toxicology of Mercury.
Hoboken : John Wiley & Sons, c2011
(OCoLC)751796237
資料の種類: Document, インターネット資料
ドキュメントの種類: インターネットリソース, コンピューターファイル
すべての著者/寄与者: Yong Cai; Guangliang Liu; Nelson J O'Driscoll; Wiley InterScience (Online service)
ISBN: 9781118146644 1118146646 0470578726 9780470578728
OCLC No.: 786005678
物理形態: 1 online resource (xix, 574 p.) : ill.
コンテンツ: PREFACE xiii ACKNOWLEDGMENTS xv CONTRIBUTORS xvii 1 OVERVIEW OF MERCURY IN THE ENVIRONMENT 1 Guangliang Liu, Yong Cai, Nelson O'Driscoll, Xinbin Feng, and Guibin Jiang 1.1 Introduction / 1 1.2 Toxicity and Health Risks of Mercury Exposure / 2 1.3 Sources of Mercury / 2 1.4 Overview of Mercury Biogeochemical Cycling / 7 1.5 Structure of the Book / 8 1.6 Concluding Remarks / 9 References / 9 PART I ANALYTICAL DEVELOPMENTS 13 2 ADVANCES IN SPECIATION ANALYSIS OF MERCURY IN THE ENVIRONMENT 15 Yanbin Li, Yongguang Yin, Guangliang Liu, and Yong Cai 2.1 Introduction / 15 2.2 Sample Preparation for Hg Speciation in Environmental Samples / 16 2.3 Application of GC Technique in Hg Speciation Analysis / 32 2.4 Application of HPLC Technique in Hg Speciation Analysis / 36 2.5 Application of Capillary Electrophoresis Techniques in Hg Speciation Analysis / 39 2.6 Application of X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy in Probing Chemical Microenvironment of Hg / 40 2.7 Application of Stable Isotope Dilution Technique in Mercury Speciation Analysis / 41 2.8 Summary / 43 References / 44 3 MEASURING GAS PHASE MERCURY EMISSIONS FROM INDUSTRIAL EFFLUENTS 59 Samuel J. Ippolito, Ylias M. Sabri, and Suresh K. Bhargava 3.1 Introduction / 59 3.2 Standardized Methods for Measuring Mercury / 72 3.3 Mercury Continuous Emission Monitors (CEMs) / 81 3.4 Future Outlook / 95 References / 96 PART II SPECIATION AND TRANSFORMATION 111 4 ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY OF MERCURY 113 Che-Jen Lin, Pattaraporn Singhasuk, and Simo O. Pehkonen 4.1 Introduction / 113 4.2 The Overall Picture / 114 4.3 Chemical Transformations in the Gas Phase / 118 4.4 Chemical Transformations in the Aqueous Phase / 131 4.5 Redox Chemistry at the Interface Between the Atmosphere and Earth's Surfaces / 136 4.6 Atmospheric Implications of the Identified Redox Pathways / 139 4.7 Future Research Needs / 143 References / 144 5 MICROBIAL TRANSFORMATIONS IN THE MERCURY CYCLE 155 Chu-Ching Lin, Nathan Yee, and Tamar Barkay 5.1 Introduction / 155 5.2 Mercury Methylation / 158 5.3 Methylmercury Degradation / 168 5.4 Redox Cycling of Inorganic Hg / 169 5.5 Conclusions / 179 References / 180 6 PHOTOREACTIONS OF MERCURY IN AQUATIC SYSTEMS 193 Emma E. Vost, Marc Amyot, and Nelson J. O'Driscoll 6.1 Significance of Mercury Photoreactions / 193 6.2 Concepts in Mercury Photoreactions / 194 6.3 Current Methods in Mercury Photochemistry / 209 6.4 Summary / 211 References / 212 7 CHEMICAL SPECIATION OF MERCURY IN SOIL AND SEDIMENT 219 Ulf Skyllberg 7.1 Introduction / 219 7.2 Physicochemical Properties, Oxidation States, Chemical Forms, Structures, and Concentrations of Mercury in the Environment / 220 7.3 Aqueous Phase: Major Ligands and Their Affinities for Mercury(II) / 222 7.4 Liquid and Solid Phases of Mercury in Soils and Sediments / 229 7.5 Reactions of Mercury(II) with Soil and Sediment Particle Surfaces / 231 7.6 Stabilization of Nanoparticulate Mercury(II) Sulfides by Natural Organic Matter / 237 7.7 Solubility and Chemical Speciation of Mercury(II) in Soils and Sediments / 237 7.8 Methods for Studying the Chemistry of Mercury(II) in Soils and Sediments / 248 7.9 Future Research Needs / 249 References / 252 8 THE EFFECTS OF DISSOLVED ORGANIC MATTER ON MERCURY BIOGEOCHEMISTRY 259 Chase A. Gerbig, Joseph N. Ryan, and George R. Aiken 8.1 Introduction / 259 8.2 Dissolved Organic Matter / 260 8.3 Field Observations / 263 8.4 Effects of DOM on Mercury Distributions Between Solution and Particles / 265 8.5 Mercury Binding Strength / 268 8.6 Mercury Binding Environment / 271 8.7 Methylmercury Binding Strength and Environment / 274 8.8 DOM and Mercury Mineral Dissolution / 276 8.9 DOM and Mercury Mineral Precipitation / 280 References / 284 9 TRACKING GEOCHEMICAL TRANSFORMATIONS AND TRANSPORT OF MERCURY THROUGH ISOTOPE FRACTIONATION 293 Holger Hintelmann and Wang Zheng 9.1 Introduction / 293 9.2 Fractionation of Mercury Isotopes in Environmental Processes / 300 9.3 Hg Isotope Variations in Nature / 315 9.4 Summary / 319 References / 320 PART III TRANSPORT AND FATE 329 10 ATMOSPHERIC TRANSPORT OF MERCURY 331 Oleg Travnikov 10.1 Introduction / 331 10.2 General Concepts of Mercury Cycling in the Atmosphere / 331 10.3 Methods for Studying Atmospheric Mercury Transport / 336 10.4 Assessments of Airborne Mercury Pollution / 342 10.5 Knowledge Gaps / 354 References / 356 11 ADSORPTION OF MERCURY ON SOLIDS IN THE AQUATIC ENVIRONMENT 367 Guangliang Liu, Yanbin Li, and Yong Cai 11.1 Introduction / 367 11.2 Adsorption of Mercury on Solids / 369 11.3 Role of Colloids in Mercury Adsorption / 374 11.4 Concluding Remarks / 380 References / 381 12 EXCHANGE OF ELEMENTAL MERCURY BETWEEN THE OCEANS AND THE ATMOSPHERE 389 Asif Qureshi, Matthew Macleod, Elsie Sunderland, and Konrad Hungerbu. hler 12.1 Introduction / 389 12.2 Models of Gas Exchange of Elemental Mercury at the Air-Sea Interface / 390 12.3 Field Studies of Ocean-To-Air Fluxes of Mercury / 398 12.4 Rate Constants for Reduction and Oxidation of Mercury Species in Ocean Waters / 400 12.5 Modeling Studies Estimating Oceanic Air-Sea Exchange / 411 12.6 Conclusions and Future Directions / 415 References / 416 13 EXCHANGE OF MERCURY BETWEEN THE ATMOSPHERE AND TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS 423 Mae Sexauer Gustin 13.1 General Overview / 423 13.2 Methods and Tools Applied for Measurement and Understanding of Air-Terrestrial Surface Exchange / 425 13.3 Measured Fluxes / 433 13.4 Conclusions / 442 References / 444 PART IV BIOACCUMULATION, TOXICITY, AND METALLOMICS 453 14 BIOACCUMULATION AND BIOMAGNIFICATION OF MERCURY THROUGH FOOD WEBS 455 Karen Kidd, Meredith Clayden, and Tim Jardine 14.1 Introduction / 455 14.2 Mercury in Aquatic and Terrestrial Organisms / 457 14.3 Mercury within Organisms / 464 14.4 Factors Affecting Mercury in Biota / 465 14.5 Biomagnification of Mercury Through Food Webs / 474 14.6 Mercury Stable Isotopes in Bioaccumulation Studies / 481 14.7 Case Study-Kejimkujik National Park and Historic Site, Nova Scotia, Canada / 482 14.8 Conclusions / 484 References / 485 15 A REVIEW OF MERCURY TOXICITY WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO METHYLMERCURY 501 Mineshi Sakamoto, Katsuyuki Murata, Akiyoshi Kakita, and Masanori Sasaki 15.1 Introduction / 501 15.2 Global Mercury Emission into the Atmosphere / 502 15.3 Metabolism and Toxicity of Chemical Forms of Mercury / 503 15.4 Risk Assessment of Prenatal Exposure to Methylmercury / 509 15.5 Risks and Benefits of Fish Consumption for Brain Development / 510 15.6 Exceptional Methylmercury Exposure Through Rice / 510 15.7 Summary / 511 References / 511 16 METALLOMICS OF MERCURY: ROLE OF THIOLAND SELENOL-CONTAINING BIOMOLECULES 517 Feiyue Wang, Marcos Lemes, and Mohammad A.K. Khan 16.1 Introduction / 517 16.2 Metallomics of Mercury / 517 16.3 Mercury and Methylmercury Complexes with Thiol-Containing Biomolecules / 519 16.4 Mercury and Methylmercury Binding to Selenol-Containing Biomolecules / 522 16.5 Lability of Mercury or Methylmercury Complexes with Thiols or Selenols / 524 16.6 Thiol-Containing Biomolecules in the Uptake and Metabolism of Mercury / 526 16.7 Selenium Aided Biomineralization of Mercury and Methylmercury / 529 16.8 Analytical and Modeling Approaches / 531 16.9 Conclusion / 538 References / 538 17 HUMAN HEALTH SIGNIFICANCE OF DIETARY EXPOSURES TO METHYLMERCURY 545 Anna L. Choi and Philippe Grandjean 17.1 Introduction / 545 17.2 Methylmercury Exposure / 546 17.3 Nutrients in Fish and Seafood / 548 17.4 Major Prospective Cohort Studies / 549 17.5 Health Effects / 552 17.6 Cardiovascular Outcomes / 555 17.7 Nutrient and Methylmercury Exposure as Predictors of Developmental Outcomes / 556 17.8 Confounding Variables / 557 17.9 Risk Assessment and Exposure Imprecision / 558 17.10 Conclusions / 559 References / 561 INDEX 569
責任者: edited by Guangliang Liu, Yong Cai, Nelson O'Driscoll.

概要:

This book provides the fundamentals, recent developments, and future research needs for critical mercury transformation and transport processes, as well as the experimental methods that have been  続きを読む

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JOURNAL OF APPLIED TOXICOLOGY BRITISH TOXICOLOGY SOCIETY NEW ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY GROUP TOXICOLOGY ECOTOXICOLOGY INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES GREEN CHEMISTRY ENVIRONMENTAL 続きを読む

 
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