Advances in Environmental Chemistry and Toxicology of Mercury.
Hoboken : John Wiley & Sons, ©2011
Yong Cai; Guangliang Liu; Nelson O'Driscoll
|ISBN:||9781118146644 1118146646 9781118146613 1118146611 0470578726 9780470578728|
|注意：||8.7 Methylmercury Binding Strength and Environment.|
|描述：||1 online resource (596 pages)|
|内容：||ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY AND TOXICOLOGY OF MERCURY; CONTENTS; PREFACE; ACKNOWLEDGMENTS; CONTRIBUTORS; 1 OVERVIEW OF MERCURY IN THE ENVIRONMENT; 1.1 Introduction; 1.2 Toxicity and Health Risks of Mercury Exposure; 1.3 Sources of Mercury; 1.4 Overview of Mercury Biogeochemical Cycling; 1.5 Structure of the Book; 1.6 Concluding Remarks; References; PART I ANALYTICAL DEVELOPMENTS; 2 ADVANCES IN SPECIATION ANALYSIS OF MERCURY IN THE ENVIRONMENT; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Sample Preparation for Hg Speciation in Environmental Samples; 2.3 Application of GC Technique in Hg Speciation Analysis. 2.4 Application of HPLC Technique in Hg Speciation Analysis2.5 Application of Capillary Electrophoresis Techniques in Hg Speciation Analysis; 2.6 Application of X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy in Probing Chemical Microenvironment of Hg; 2.7 Application of Stable Isotope Dilution Technique in Mercury Speciation Analysis; 2.8 Summary; References; 3 MEASURING GAS PHASE MERCURY EMISSIONS FROM INDUSTRIAL EFFLUENTS; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Standardized Methods for Measuring Mercury; 3.3 Mercury Continuous Emission Monitors (CEMs); 3.4 Future Outlook; References; PART II SPECIATION AND TRANSFORMATION. 4 ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY OF MERCURY4.1 Introduction; 4.2 The Overall Picture; 4.3 Chemical Transformations in the Gas Phase; 4.4 Chemical Transformations in the Aqueous Phase; 4.5 Redox Chemistry at the Interface Between the Atmosphere and Earth's Surfaces; 4.6 Atmospheric Implications of the Identified Redox Pathways; 4.7 Future Research Needs; References; 5 MICROBIAL TRANSFORMATIONS IN THE MERCURY CYCLE; 5.1 Introduction; 5.2 Mercury Methylation; 5.3 Methylmercury Degradation; 5.4 Redox Cycling of Inorganic Hg; 5.5 Conclusions; References; 6 PHOTOREACTIONS OF MERCURY IN AQUATIC SYSTEMS. 6.1 Significance of Mercury Photoreactions6.2 Concepts in Mercury Photoreactions; 6.3 Current Methods in Mercury Photochemistry; 6.4 Summary; References; 7 CHEMICAL SPECIATION OF MERCURY IN SOIL AND SEDIMENT; 7.1 Introduction; 7.2 Physicochemical Properties, Oxidation States, Chemical Forms, Structures, and Concentrations of Mercury in the Environment; 7.3 Aqueous Phase: Major Ligands and Their Affinities for Mercury(II); 7.4 Liquid and Solid Phases of Mercury in Soils and Sediments; 7.5 Reactions of Mercury(II) with Soil and Sediment Particle Surfaces. 7.6 Stabilization of Nanoparticulate Mercury(II) Sulfides by Natural Organic Matter7.7 Solubility and Chemical Speciation of Mercury(II) in Soils and Sediments; 7.8 Methods for Studying the Chemistry of Mercury(II) in Soils and Sediments; 7.9 Future Research Needs; References; 8 THE EFFECTS OF DISSOLVED ORGANIC MATTER ON MERCURY BIOGEOCHEMISTRY; 8.1 Introduction; 8.2 Dissolved Organic Matter; 8.3 Field Observations; 8.4 Effects of DOM on Mercury Distributions Between Solution and Particles; 8.5 Mercury Binding Strength; 8.6 Mercury Binding Environment.|
|責任：||edited by Guangliang Liu, Yong Cai, Nelson O'Driscoll.|
The book that looks at mercury's impact on the planet todayRecent research by the EPA has concluded that one in six women of childbearing age have unsafe levels of mercury in their bodies, which puts 630,000 newborn babies each year at risk of neurological impairment. Mercury poses severe risks to the health of animals and ecosystems around the world, and this book provides the essential information that anyone interested in environmental sciences should know about the fundamentals of the entire mercury cycle. Comprised of four parts that present an overview of mercury in the environment, merc.