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African traditional medicine : autonomy and informed consent

Author: Peter Ikechukwu Osuji
Publisher: Cham : Springer, 2014.
Series: Advancing Global Bioethics, v.3.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
This book focuses on informed consent in African Traditional Medicine (ATM). ATM forms a large portion of the healthcare systems in Africa. WHO statistics show that as much as 80% of the population in Africa uses traditional medicine for primary health care. With such a large constituency, it follows that ATM and its practices should receive more attention in bioethics. By comparing the ethics of care approach with  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Printed edition:
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Peter Ikechukwu Osuji
ISBN: 9783319058917 3319058916 3319058908 9783319058900
OCLC Number: 884879643
Description: 1 online resource (xvii, 206 pages) : illustration.
Contents: CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION: INFORMED CONSENT IN A COMMUNAL CULTURE --
1.1. Dominant Cultural Perspectives of Informed Consent --
1.2. Informed Consent in a Communal Culture --
1.3. Focusing On ATM --
1.4. Scope of the Study --
1.5. Focusing on Ethics of Care --
1.6. Focusing on Ethics Committee --
2. CHAPTER TWO- HISTORICAL CONTEXT OF THE WESTERN BIOETHICS APPROACH TO AUTONOMY --
2.1. History and Origin of Informed Consent --
2.1.1. Legal Origin --
2.1.2. Bioethical Origin --
2.1.3. Reaction against Paternalism --
2.2. Autonomy and Informed Consent --
2.2.1. Meaning of Autonomy.-2.2.2. Informed Consent and the Principle of Respect for Autonomy --
2.2.3. Autonomy and Trust --
2.3. The Concept of Person and Autonomy --
2.3.1. Individual Independence --
2.3.2. Reason as Opposed to Emotion --
2.3.3. Individual Patient Rights --
2.3.4. Individual Autonomy.-2.3.5. Subjective Conception of the Good --
2.4. Summary --
3. CHAPTER THREE- SYSTEMATIC ANALYSIS OF ETHICS OF CARE --
3.1. The History and Origin of Ethics of Care --
3.1.1. Feminist Movement and Some Male Voices --
3.1.2. Ethics of Care and Alternative Feminist Moral Theories --
3.2. The Meaning of Ethics of Care --
3.2.1. Care as Labor --
3.2.2. Care as Practice and Value --
3.2.3. Caring Relations --
3.2.4. Care as Justice --
3.2.5. Criticism of Ethics of Care --
3.3. The Concept of Person and Autonomy --
3.3.1. Relational Being, Family, and the Patient --
3.3.1.1. Ethics of Care Critique of the Social Contract Theories --
3.3.1.2. The Social Contract Theories --
3.3.1.3. The Critique --
3.3.2. The Ethics of Care Concept of Dependency and Interdependency of Persons and Human Existence --
3.3.3. The Ethics of Care Concept of Relational Autonomy in Informed Consent (RAIC) --
3.3.4. Emotion as Essential Part of Human Nature in Moral Decision-Making --
3.3.5. The Ethics of Care Concept of Individual Patient Rights --
3.4. Summary --
4. CHAPTER FOUR- COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF ATM WITH ETHICS OF CARE --
4.1. An Overview of ATM --
4.1.1. Meaning and History and Interesting Developments in ATM --
4.1.1.1. Meaning and History of ATM --
4.1.1.2. Interesting Developments in ATM --
4.1.2. ATM and African Traditional Religion (ATR) --
4.1.2.1. African Traditional Religion (ATR) --
4.1.2.2. Community in Understanding ATM & ATR --
4.1.3. ATM Doctors: Types, Vocation and Training --
4.1.3.1. Diviners --
4.1.3.2. Herbalists --
4.1.3.3. Traditional birth attendants (TBA) --
4.1.3.4. Priests Healers --
4.1.3.5. Traditional Surgeons --
4.1.4. Health and Illness: the Need to Seek Healing --
4.1.4.1. Concept of Health & Illness --
4.1.4.2. The Need to Seek Healing --
4.1.5. Decision-Making in Traditional African Societies --
4.1.5.1. Decision-making among the Akan --
4.1.5.2. Decision-making among the Hausa-Fulani --
4.1.5.3. Decision-making among the Igbo --
4.1.5.4. Decision-making among the Yoruba --
4.1.5.5. Decision-Making and Women --
4.2. The Concept of Person and Autonomy: ATM and Ethics of Care Contrasted --
4.2.1. Relational Being: Individual (Patient) Versus Community.-4.2.2. The African Concept of Dependency and Interdependency of Person and Human Existence --
4.2.3. The African Concept of Relational Autonomy in Informed Consent (RAIC) --
4.2.4. Support for the Objective Concept of the (Common) Good --
4.2.5. The African Concept of Individual Patient Rights --
4.3. Summary --
5. CHAPTER FIVE- APPLIED ANALYSIS OF ATM'S RAIC TO HEALTHCARE ETHICS COMMITTEES IN AFRICA --
5.1. General Description of Healthcare Ethics Committees --
5.2. Situation of Healthcare Ethics Committees in Africa --
5.2.1. A Brief History of Ethics Committees in Africa --
5.2.2. Healthcare Ethics Committees in Hospitals --
5.2.3. Healthcare Ethics Committees in ATM --
5.2.4. The Type of HEC Suitable for ATM --
5.2.4.1. Being Organizationally Integrated --
5.2.4.2. Being Proactive and Using Preventive Ethics --
5.2.4.3. Ethical Leadership --
5.2.4.4. Being Accountable --
5.3. The Implications of Applying RAIC to Healthcare Ethics Committees in Africa on Decision-Making Process for Informed Consent of the Patient --
5.3.1. Integration of Elements of Traditional Decision-Making Methods into Healthcare Ethics Committees --
5.3.2. A Flexible Understanding of Confidentiality --
5.3.3. A Nuanced Understanding of Advance Directive --
5.3.4. Emphasis on Solidarity --
5.4. Summary --
6. CHAPTER SIX- CONCLUSION --
6.1. Grand Summary.-6.2. Contribution of the Book --
6.3. RAIC and Global Bioethics --
BIBLIOGRAPHY..
Series Title: Advancing Global Bioethics, v.3.
Responsibility: Peter Ikechukwu Osuji.
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schema:description"CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION: INFORMED CONSENT IN A COMMUNAL CULTURE -- 1.1. Dominant Cultural Perspectives of Informed Consent -- 1.2. Informed Consent in a Communal Culture -- 1.3. Focusing On ATM -- 1.4. Scope of the Study -- 1.5. Focusing on Ethics of Care -- 1.6. Focusing on Ethics Committee -- 2. CHAPTER TWO- HISTORICAL CONTEXT OF THE WESTERN BIOETHICS APPROACH TO AUTONOMY -- 2.1. History and Origin of Informed Consent -- 2.1.1. Legal Origin -- 2.1.2. Bioethical Origin -- 2.1.3. Reaction against Paternalism -- 2.2. Autonomy and Informed Consent -- 2.2.1. Meaning of Autonomy.-2.2.2. Informed Consent and the Principle of Respect for Autonomy -- 2.2.3. Autonomy and Trust -- 2.3. The Concept of Person and Autonomy -- 2.3.1. Individual Independence -- 2.3.2. Reason as Opposed to Emotion -- 2.3.3. Individual Patient Rights -- 2.3.4. Individual Autonomy.-2.3.5. Subjective Conception of the Good -- 2.4. Summary -- 3. CHAPTER THREE- SYSTEMATIC ANALYSIS OF ETHICS OF CARE -- 3.1. The History and Origin of Ethics of Care -- 3.1.1. Feminist Movement and Some Male Voices -- 3.1.2. Ethics of Care and Alternative Feminist Moral Theories -- 3.2. The Meaning of Ethics of Care -- 3.2.1. Care as Labor -- 3.2.2. Care as Practice and Value -- 3.2.3. Caring Relations -- 3.2.4. Care as Justice -- 3.2.5. Criticism of Ethics of Care -- 3.3. The Concept of Person and Autonomy -- 3.3.1. Relational Being, Family, and the Patient -- 3.3.1.1. Ethics of Care Critique of the Social Contract Theories -- 3.3.1.2. The Social Contract Theories -- 3.3.1.3. The Critique -- 3.3.2. The Ethics of Care Concept of Dependency and Interdependency of Persons and Human Existence -- 3.3.3. The Ethics of Care Concept of Relational Autonomy in Informed Consent (RAIC) -- 3.3.4. Emotion as Essential Part of Human Nature in Moral Decision-Making -- 3.3.5. The Ethics of Care Concept of Individual Patient Rights -- 3.4. Summary -- 4. CHAPTER FOUR- COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF ATM WITH ETHICS OF CARE -- 4.1. An Overview of ATM -- 4.1.1. Meaning and History and Interesting Developments in ATM -- 4.1.1.1. Meaning and History of ATM -- 4.1.1.2. Interesting Developments in ATM -- 4.1.2. ATM and African Traditional Religion (ATR) -- 4.1.2.1. African Traditional Religion (ATR) -- 4.1.2.2. Community in Understanding ATM & ATR -- 4.1.3. ATM Doctors: Types, Vocation and Training -- 4.1.3.1. Diviners -- 4.1.3.2. Herbalists -- 4.1.3.3. Traditional birth attendants (TBA) -- 4.1.3.4. Priests Healers -- 4.1.3.5. Traditional Surgeons -- 4.1.4. Health and Illness: the Need to Seek Healing -- 4.1.4.1. Concept of Health & Illness -- 4.1.4.2. The Need to Seek Healing -- 4.1.5. Decision-Making in Traditional African Societies -- 4.1.5.1. Decision-making among the Akan -- 4.1.5.2. Decision-making among the Hausa-Fulani -- 4.1.5.3. Decision-making among the Igbo -- 4.1.5.4. Decision-making among the Yoruba -- 4.1.5.5. Decision-Making and Women -- 4.2. The Concept of Person and Autonomy: ATM and Ethics of Care Contrasted -- 4.2.1. Relational Being: Individual (Patient) Versus Community.-4.2.2. The African Concept of Dependency and Interdependency of Person and Human Existence -- 4.2.3. The African Concept of Relational Autonomy in Informed Consent (RAIC) -- 4.2.4. Support for the Objective Concept of the (Common) Good -- 4.2.5. The African Concept of Individual Patient Rights -- 4.3. Summary -- 5. CHAPTER FIVE- APPLIED ANALYSIS OF ATM'S RAIC TO HEALTHCARE ETHICS COMMITTEES IN AFRICA -- 5.1. General Description of Healthcare Ethics Committees -- 5.2. Situation of Healthcare Ethics Committees in Africa -- 5.2.1. A Brief History of Ethics Committees in Africa -- 5.2.2. Healthcare Ethics Committees in Hospitals -- 5.2.3. Healthcare Ethics Committees in ATM -- 5.2.4. The Type of HEC Suitable for ATM -- 5.2.4.1. Being Organizationally Integrated -- 5.2.4.2. Being Proactive and Using Preventive Ethics -- 5.2.4.3. Ethical Leadership -- 5.2.4.4. Being Accountable -- 5.3. The Implications of Applying RAIC to Healthcare Ethics Committees in Africa on Decision-Making Process for Informed Consent of the Patient -- 5.3.1. Integration of Elements of Traditional Decision-Making Methods into Healthcare Ethics Committees -- 5.3.2. A Flexible Understanding of Confidentiality -- 5.3.3. A Nuanced Understanding of Advance Directive -- 5.3.4. Emphasis on Solidarity -- 5.4. Summary -- 6. CHAPTER SIX- CONCLUSION -- 6.1. Grand Summary.-6.2. Contribution of the Book -- 6.3. RAIC and Global Bioethics -- BIBLIOGRAPHY.."@en
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