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Agriculture, geology, and society in antebellum South Carolina : the private diary of Edmund Ruffin, 1843

Author: Edmund Ruffin; William M Mathew
Publisher: Athens : University of Georgia Press, ©1992.
Edition/Format:   Book : Biography : State or province government publication : English
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
The centerpiece of this book is the diary kept by the celebrated agricultural reformer Edmund Ruffin during the eight months in 1843 in which he conducted an agricultural and geological survey of South Carolina. A vivid and highly informative account, the document offers a unique understanding of the state's plantation economy during the late antebellum period. Ruffin believed that amelioration and diversification
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Genre/Form: Diaries
History
Named Person: Edmund Ruffin; Edmund Ruffin; Edmund Ruffin
Material Type: Biography, Government publication, State or province government publication, Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Edmund Ruffin; William M Mathew
ISBN: 0820313246 9780820313245
OCLC Number: 22860736
Description: xvi, 368 pages : illustrations, map ; 24 cm
Contents: Introduction: The South Carolina Agricultural Survey of 1843 --
Private Diary of Edmund Ruffin, Agricultural Surveyor in South Carolina, 1843. pt. I. Winter and Spring: The Low Country. 1. Arrival in Charleston (26 January-30 January). 2. Scenes of Desolation on Cooper River (31 January). 3. By the Cooper Rice Lands to Mepkin and Mulberry Bluffs (1 February-4 February). 4. Along the Santee Canal to Black Oak (4 February-6 February). 5. Return to Charleston (6 February-7 February). 6. Ashley River Plantations (8 February-9 February). 7. Conversation and Work in Charleston (10 February-11 February). 8. Visit to Edmund Ravenel at the Grove (13 February-15 February). 9. Ashley River and the Lost Village of Dorchester (16 February-20 February). 10. Long-Staple Cotton on James Island (21 February-22 February). 11. Letter Writing and Specimen Analysis in Charleston (22 February-25 February). 12. Sociable and Improving Planters on Edisto Island (26 February-28 February). 13. Jehossee Island and the Edisto Agricultural Society (1 March). 14. West through Colleton (2 March-4 March). 15. Sea Islands of Beaufort (4 March-8 March). 16. In and around Beaufort Town (8 March-10 March). 17. Broad River to Savannah River by Grahamville and Purysburg (11 March-14 March). 18. Getting through Barnwell and Orangeburgh (15 March-18 March). 19. Springs, Sinks, and Marl Exposures at Eutaw (18 March-20 March). 20. Embanking and Marling on the Santee (21 March-24 March). 21. The Cymbee of Woodboo (25 March). 22. By the Santee Canal (25 March-27 March). 23. The Abandonment of Pineville (28 March). 24. Santee Marlers (29 March-30 March). 25. Hunting Alligators (30 March). 26. Santee River to Waccamaw River: Pine Barrens and Poor Whites (31 March). 27. Georgetown Sandhills and Ocean (1 April-2 April). 28. The Pee Dee Delta (3 April-4 April). 29. Georgetown Shells, Fish Pestilence, and Coastal Floods (5 April). 30. Sandy Island (6 April-8 April). 31. Black River and Lower Pee Dee (9 April-13 April). 32. In Marion: Geological Investigations on the Pee Dee (13 April-18 April). 33. Marion-Williamsburgh Borderlands: Trials of a Surveyor (19 April). 34. Cattle Country of Williamsburgh (20 April-22 April). 35. To Charleston and Home to Virginia (23 April-25 April). pt. II. Early Summer: Middle Country. 36. Back in Charleston and on Cooper River (10 May-12 May). 37. Renewed Eutaw, Santee, and Cooper Investigations (13 May-15 May). 38. "Magnificent & Beautiful Exposures of Marl" at Vance's Ferry (16 May). 39. Along the Santee in Orangeburgh (17 May-20 May). 40. Excursion to Columbia (21 May-24 May). 41. Between the Santee and the Edisto in Orangeburgh (24 May-27 May). 42. Barnwell District: Springs, Marl, and a Rattlesnake (27 May-4 June). 43. Barnwell District: Sales-Day Marlers and Malarial Mill Ponds (5 June-6 June). 44. Silver Bluff, Shell Bluff, and Savannah Swamps (7 June-8 June). 45. At Home with James Hammond (9 June-15 June). 46. Wasted Time in Augusta and Edgefield (16 June-19 June). 47. Columbia: South Carolina College and Millwood (20 June-23 June). 48. Richland, Statesburgh, and the "Richardson Settlement" (24 June-25 June). 49. "Indigo Marl Deposites" in Sumter (26 June-27 June). 50. In and around the Sandhills of Sumter (27 June-30 June). 51. Unwell at Columbia and the Monticello Convention (1 July-8 July). 52. To Charleston, Indisposed, and Home to Virginia (9 July-11 July). pt. III. Late Summer and Early Fall: Toward the Mountains. 53. Return to Columbia and Buggy to Fairfield (22 August-27 August). 54. Union and Spartanburgh: Limestone Springs and Gold Mines (28 August-1 September). 55. Legume Culture and a Company Hotel in Spartanburgh (1 September). 56. Iron and Lime Production in York (2 September-3 September). 57. Illness in Limestone Springs and an Address to the Planters of Spartanburgh (4 September-11 September). 58. Over the Line into North Carolina (12 September-13 September).
Responsibility: edited by William M. Mathew.

Abstract:

The centrepiece of this book is the diary kept by the agricultural reformer Edmund Ruffin during the eight months in 1843 in which he conducted an agricultural and geological survey of South  Read more...

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Linked Data


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schema:description"Beginning in late January, Ruffin's field work took him through scenes of abandonment and desolation, down stumpy cart paths in unfamiliar terrain, and through thickly overgrown swamps, exposing him to severe weather and disease. During his travels through the state, he examined marl deposits, visited numerous plantations, met with agricultural societies and eminent South Carolinians, and even hunted alligators. Ruffin completed his survey by mid-September."@en
schema:description"The ineffectiveness of Ruffin's reform proposals does not detract from the significant documentary value of his diary. His succinct and pointed narrative, written with intense interest in the lands and customs he observed, recaptures for the modern reader the physical and social environments of South Carolina two decades before the Civil War."@en
schema:description"This volume goes well beyond mere documentary reproduction. William M. Mathew offers an extended biographical supplement devoted to the prominent South Carolinians encountered by Ruffin, giving special attention to their farming practices and political philosophies. In his introduction, Mathew recounts the preoccupations underlying Ruffin's survey and the reasons why it fell far short of its objectives. The South Carolina agricultural and political leadership operated with only the crudest of economic ideas: its rhetorical vocabulary of "diversification" and "overproduction" was never refined, and there was little effort to address the apparent contradiction of applying crop-boosting methods to an already inflated cotton sector. Finally, Ruffin found that many planters simply did not wish to bother with the laborious methods that he recommended."@en
schema:description"The centerpiece of this book is the diary kept by the celebrated agricultural reformer Edmund Ruffin during the eight months in 1843 in which he conducted an agricultural and geological survey of South Carolina. A vivid and highly informative account, the document offers a unique understanding of the state's plantation economy during the late antebellum period. Ruffin believed that amelioration and diversification programs would relieve the agricultural depression of the state and help preserve its embattled system of slavery. At the request of Governor James Henry Hammond, Ruffin examined the different farming methods in use and the resources available for improvement. A published report of 1843 was the formal outcome; the diary was his private running commentary."@en
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