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Aid Paradoxes in Afghanistan : Building and Undermining the State

Author: Nematullah Bizhan
Publisher: London : Taylor and Francis, 2017.
Series: Routledge Studies in Middle East Development
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : English : First editionView all editions and formats
Summary:
"The relationship between aid and state building is highly complex and the effects of aid on weak states depend on donors' interests, aid modalities and the recipient's pre-existing institutional and socio-political conditions. This book argues that, in the case of Afghanistan, the country inherited conditions that were not favourable for effective state building. Although some of the problems that emerged in the  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Nematullah Bizhan
ISBN: 9781315170701 1315170701 1351692658 9781351692656
OCLC Number: 993979764
Description: 1 online resource : text file, PDF.
Contents: Revenues and state building; Research method; Book outline; PART I Conceptual framework: aid and state building; 1 Aid and state building; Introduction ; Why are state revenue sources relevant?; Tax states; Aid-dependent states; The effects of oil revenue; Distinction between aid and oil-revenue rentier effects; Conclusion; PART II The history of revenue and state formation in Afghanistan, 1747-2000; Reliance on external revenue: Afghanistan from 1747 to 2000 Introduction; The society: an inheritance of history; Relying on tribute for state building: the importance of external revenue to the Durrani Empire (1747-1824); The Durrani Empire's ineffective tax system; Subsidies and state building: the loss of tribute and search for alternative revenue (1824-1879); alternative revenue (1824-1879); Institution building; Consolidation of a modern buffer state (1880-1919): the significance of subsidies and external military support; Civil and military administration; State-society relations. Amanullah Khan's reforms: the loss of subsidies, budget surplus and fiscal decline (1919-1929)Foreign aid and state building: reshaping the state-building process (1929-1978); process (1929-1978); The rise of a weak rentier state; Decline in foreign aid; The state and the mujahidin tanzīms (organizations) and sources of revenue: conflict in state-society relations (1978-2000); The mujahidin government financial crises and Pakistani aid to the Taliban; Conclusion; PART III Post-9/11 state building in Afghanistan; 3 Rebuilding an aid-based rentier state; Introduction. Establishing a new political orderBuilding the state institutions; Development planning and aid; Managing aid dependency: a challenge for state building; Access to foreign aid: a prime focus; Improving fiscal management; Aid modality: undermining institution building; Government preoccupation with foreign donors; Relations at the administration level; Relations in regard to senior appointments; Conclusion; 4 Reforms and setbacks: rebuilding the revenue system; Introduction; State revenue sources; Aiding the revenue reforms; Reforming revenue policy and laws; Reforming revenue administration. Improving revenue infrastructureConfrontation and consultation; Failing to enforce tax compliance; Failing to prevent illegal taxation and extortion; Ambiguity to end aid dependency; Fragmenting the tax system; Conclusion; 5 Budget spending: fiscal fragmentation and patronage; Introduction; Some improvements in government budget transparency; The citizens' role; Underreported on-budget items; Poor off-budget transparency; Secret cash payments; Conclusion; 6 Interactions between the state and society; Introduction; Reinforcing the state-society inherited gap; Commanders; Traditional actors.
Series Title: Routledge Studies in Middle East Development
Responsibility: Nematullah Bizhan.

Abstract:

"The relationship between aid and state building is highly complex and the effects of aid on weak states depend on donors' interests, aid modalities and the recipient's pre-existing institutional and socio-political conditions. This book argues that, in the case of Afghanistan, the country inherited conditions that were not favourable for effective state building. Although some of the problems that emerged in the post-2001 state building process were predictable, the types of interventions that occurred, including an aid architecture which largely bypassed the state, the subordination of state building to the war on terror, and the short horizon policy choices of donors and the Afghan government, reduced the effectiveness of the aid and undermined effective state building. By examining how foreign aid affected state building in Afghanistan since the US militarily intervened in Afghanistan in late 2001 until the end of President Hamid Karzai's first term in 2009, this book reveals the dynamic and complex relations between the Afghan government and foreign donors in their efforts to rebuild state institutions. The work explores three key areas: how donors supported government reforms to improve the taxation system, how government reorganized the state's fiscal management system, and how aid dependency and aid distribution outside the government budget affected interactions between state and society. Given that external revenue in the form of tribute, subsidies and aid has shaped the characteristics of the state in Afghanistan since the mid-eighteenth century, this book situates state building in a historical context. This book will be invaluable for practitioners and anyone studying political economy, state building, international development and the politics of foreign aid."--Provided by publisher.

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