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Air attack against wildfires : understanding U.S. Forest Service requirements for large aircraft

Author: Edward G Keating; RAND Homeland Security and Defense Center.
Publisher: Santa Monica, Calif. : Rand Corporation, 2012.
Series: Rand Corporation monograph series.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"An aging fleet of contracted fixed-wing airtankers and two fatal crashes in 2002 led the U.S. Forest Service to investigate how to recapitalize its fleet of airtankers. The Forest Service asked RAND for assistance in determining the composition of a fleet of airtankers, scoopers, and helicopters that would minimize the total social costs of wildfires, including the cost of large fires and aircraft costs. The  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Air attack against wildfires.
Santa Monica, CA : Rand Corporation, 2012
(OCoLC)805044015
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Edward G Keating; RAND Homeland Security and Defense Center.
ISBN: 9780833079725 0833079727
OCLC Number: 810289043
Notes: "RAND Homeland Security and Defense Center."
Description: 1 online resource (xxv, 114 pages) : illustrations (some color), color map.
Contents: Introduction --
Background --
The costs of large fires --
The costs of large aircraft --
The RAND national model --
The RAND local resources model --
Concluding remarks --
Appendix A: Equations used to construct high and low fire cost estimates --
Appendix B: Trends in fire aviation demand through 2030.
Series Title: Rand Corporation monograph series.
Responsibility: Edward G. Keating [and others] ; sponsored by the United States Forest Service.

Abstract:

"An aging fleet of contracted fixed-wing airtankers and two fatal crashes in 2002 led the U.S. Forest Service to investigate how to recapitalize its fleet of airtankers. The Forest Service asked RAND for assistance in determining the composition of a fleet of airtankers, scoopers, and helicopters that would minimize the total social costs of wildfires, including the cost of large fires and aircraft costs. The research team developed two separate but complementary models to estimate the optimal social cost-minimizing portfolio of initial attack aircraft -- that is, aircraft that support on-the-ground firefighters in containing a potentially costly fire while it is still small. The National Model allocates aircraft at the national level, incorporating data on ten years of historical wildfires, and the Local Resources Model provides a more nuanced view of the effect of locally available firefighting resources, relying on resource allocation data from the Forest Service's Fire Program Analysis system. Both models favor a fleet mix dominated by water-carrying scoopers, with a niche role for retardant-carrying airtankers. Although scoopers require proximity to an accessible body of water, they have two advantages: shorter cycle times to drop water and lower cost. Two uncertainties could affect the overall optimal fleet size, however: future improvements in the dispatch of aircraft to fires and the value attributed to fighting already-large fires with aircraft."--Page 4 of cover.

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