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Alan Turing's automatic computing engine : the master codebreaker's struggle to build the modern computer

著者: Alan Mathison Turing; B Jack Copeland
出版商: Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2005.
版本/格式:   图书 : 英语查看所有的版本和格式
数据库:WorldCat
提要:
The mathematical genius Alan Turing (1912-1954) was one of the greatest scientists and thinkers of the 20th century. Now well known for his crucial wartime role in breaking the ENIGMA code, he was the first to conceive of the fundamental principle of the modern computer-the idea of controlling a computing machine's operations by means of a program of coded instructions, stored in the machine's 'memory'. In 1945  再读一些...
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提及的人: Alan Mathison Turing
材料类型: 互联网资源
文件类型: 书, 互联网资源
所有的著者/提供者: Alan Mathison Turing; B Jack Copeland
ISBN: 0198565933 9780198565932
OCLC号码: 56539230
注意: Includes index.
Includes previously unpublished writings by Turing.
描述: xx, 553 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
内容: The National Physical Laboratory / Eileen Magnello --
The creation of the NPL Mathematics Division / Mary Croarken --
The origins and development of the ACE project / B. Jack Copeland --
The Pilot ACE at the National Physical Laboratory / James H. Wilkinson --
Turing and the computer / B. Jack Copeland and Diane Proudfoot --
The ACE and the shaping of British computing / Martin Campbell-Kelly --
From Turing machine to 'electronic brain' / Teresa Numerico --
The Pilot ACE instruction format / Henry John Norton --
Programming and the Pilot ACE / J.G. Hayes --
The Pilot ACE : from concept to reality / Robin A. Vowels --
Applications of the Pilot ACE and the DEUCE / Tom Vickers --
The ACE test assembly, the Pilot ACE, the Big ACE, and the Bendix G15 / Harry D. Huskey --
The DEUCE--a user's view / Robin A. Vowels --
The ACE simulator and the cybernetic model / Michael Woodger --
The pilot model and the Big ACE on the web / Benjamin Wells --
How valves work / David O. Clayden --
Recollections of early vacuum tube circuits / Maurice Wilkes --
Circuit design of the Pilot ACE and the Big ACE / David O. Clayden --
Proposed electronic calculator (1945) / Alan M. Turing --
Notes on memory (1945) / Alan M. Turing --
The Turing-Wilkinson lecture series (1946-7) (edited with an introduction by B. Jack Copeland) / Alan M. Turing and James H. Wilkinson --
The state of the art in electronic digital computing in Britain and the United States (1947) / Harry D. Huskey.
责任: edited by B. Jack Copeland.
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摘要:

The mathematical genius Alan Turing (1912-1954) was one of the greatest scientists and thinkers of the 20th century. Now well known for his crucial wartime role in breaking the ENIGMA code, he was the first to conceive of the fundamental principle of the modern computer-the idea of controlling a computing machine's operations by means of a program of coded instructions, stored in the machine's 'memory'. In 1945 Turing drew up his revolutionary design for an electronic computing machine-his Automatic Computing Engine ('ACE'). A pilot model of the ACE ran its first program in 1950 and the production version, the 'DEUCE', went on to become a cornerstone of the fledgling British computer industry. The first 'personal' computer was based on Turing's ACE. This book describes Turing's struggle to build the modern computer. The first detailed history of Turing's contributions to computer science, this text is essential reading for anyone interested in the history of the computer and the history of mathematics. It contains first hand accounts by Turing and by the pioneers of computing who worked with him. As well as relating the story of the invention of the computer, the book clearly describes the hardware and software of the ACE-including the very first computer programs. The book is intended to be accessible to everyone with an interest in computing, and contains numerous diagrams and illustrations as well as original photographs. The book contains some previously unpublished work by Turing as well as data that has only recently been declassified, and there are in addition chapters describing Turing's path-breaking research in the fields of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Artificial Life (A-Life). The book has an extensive system of hyperlinks to The Turing Archive for the History of Computing, an on-line library of digital facsimiles of typewritten documents by Turing and the other scientists who pioneered the electronic computer.

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