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Alpine treelines : functional ecology of the global high elevation tree limits

Author: Christian Körner; Susanna Riedl
Publisher: Basel ; London : Springer, ©2012.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:

This book examines the treeline phenomenon from sub-arctic to equatorial latitudes, exploring tree morphology, anatomy, climatology, stress physiology, treeline modeling, paleo-ecology and more.  Read more...

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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Christian Körner; Susanna Riedl
ISBN: 9783034803953 3034803958
OCLC Number: 779864987
Description: xi, 220 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 24 cm
Contents: Machine generated contents note: 1.High elevation treelines --
1.1.The task --
1.2.Previous works --
2.Definitions and conventions --
2.1.The life form `tree' --
2.2.Lines and transitions --
2.3.Limitation, stress and disturbance --
2.4.Altitude-related and other environmental drivers --
2.5.Treeline nomenclature --
3.Treeline patterns --
3.1.Treeline taxa --
3.2.The summit syndrome and other treeline depressions --
3.3.Mass elevation effect --
3.4.Treeline elevation --
3.5.Time matters --
3.6.Forest structure near treeline --
4.Treeline climate --
4.1.Specific aspects of treeline climatology --
4.2.Criteria to define temperature regimes at treeline --
4.3.Treeline temperatures in different bioclimatic regions --
4.3.1.Subarctic and boreal zone (45-68° N) --
4.3.2.Cool temperate zone (45-47° N, 44° S) --
4.3.3.Warm temperate zone (28-42° N, 36° S) --
4.3.4.Subtropical zone (19° S, 19° N) --
4.3.5.Equatorial tropics (6° N to 3° S) --
4.3.6.Mediterranean `treelines' (38 --
42° N) Note continued: 4.3.7.The Nothofagus and Metrosideros case --
4.3.8.Treeline temperatures across bioclimatic zones --
4.4.Seedbed and branch temperatures --
4.5.Whole forest temperatures --
5.Global mountain statistics based on treeline elevation --
5.1.Mountain geostatistics --
5.2.Elevational belts --
5.3.Global treeline ecotones --
6.Structure and stature of treeline trees --
6.1.Foliage properties --
6.2.Wood properties --
6.3.Bark properties --
6.4.Root traits --
6.5.Tree stature --
6.6.Dry matter allocation in treeline trees --
7.Growth and development --
7.1.Tree growth near the treeline --
7.1.1.In situ growth of seedlings --
7.1.2.In situ growth of saplings and adult trees --
7.2.Xylogenesis at the treeline --
7.2.1.In situ cambial activity --
7.2.2.Apical growth dynamics --
7.3.Root growth --
7.4.Phenology at the treeline --
8.Evolutionary adjustments to life at the treeline --
8.1.Phylogenetic selection --
8.2.Genotypic responses of growth and development Note continued: 8.3.Genotypic responses of physiological traits --
9.Reproduction, early life stages and tree demography --
9.1.Amount and quality of seeds at high elevation --
9.2.Germination, seedling and sapling stage --
9.3.Tree demography at the treeline --
10.Freezing and other forms of stress --
10.1.Stress at the treeline in a fitness context --
10.2.Mechanisms and principles of freezing resistance --
10.3.Freezing resistance in treeline trees --
10.4.Other forms of stress at the treeline --
10.4.1.Freeze-thaw cycles and hydraulic failure --
10.4.2.Winter desiccation --
11.Water, nutrient and carbon relations --
11.1.Tree water relations during the growing season --
11.2.Nutrient relations --
11.3.Carbon relations --
12.Treeline formation --
currently, in the past and in the future --
12.1.Causes of current treelines --
12.2.Treelines in the recent past --
12.3.Treelines in the distant past (Holocene) --
12.4.Treelines in the future.
Other Titles: Functional ecology of the global high elevation tree limits
Responsibility: Christian Körner ; illustrations by Susanna Riedl.

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From the reviews:"Christian Koerner synthesizes the extensive literature on alpine treelines and presents new explanations and a theory for global treeline formation. ... Photos are particularly well Read more...

 
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