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Altered loading during walking and sit-to-stand is affected by quadriceps weakness after total knee arthroplasty.
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Altered loading during walking and sit-to-stand is affected by quadriceps weakness after total knee arthroplasty.

著者: RL Mizner 所属: Department of Physical Therapy, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716, USA.; L Snyder-Mackler
エディション/フォーマット: 記事/論文 記事/論文 : English
出版:Journal of orthopaedic research : official publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society, 2005 Sep; 23(5): 1083-90
データベース::MEDLINE®/ PubMed®
その他のデータベース: ArticleFirstBritish Library Serials
概要:
PURPOSE: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) successfully reduces pain, but has not achieved comparable improvements in function. We hypothesized that quadriceps strength affects performance by altering loading and movement patterns during functional tasks. METHODS: Fourteen subjects with isolated, unilateral TKA were tested three months after surgery. Quadriceps strength was assessed isometrically and kinematics,  続きを読む
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ドキュメントの種類: 記事
すべての著者/寄与者: RL Mizner 所属: Department of Physical Therapy, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716, USA.; L Snyder-Mackler
ISSN:0736-0266
言語注記: English
固有識別子 111672806
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概要:

PURPOSE: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) successfully reduces pain, but has not achieved comparable improvements in function. We hypothesized that quadriceps strength affects performance by altering loading and movement patterns during functional tasks. METHODS: Fourteen subjects with isolated, unilateral TKA were tested three months after surgery. Quadriceps strength was assessed isometrically and kinematics, kinetics, and EMG were collected during level walking and sit-to-stand (STS). Function was assessed using the timed up and go test (TUG), stair climbing test (SCT), and the 6 min walk test (6MW). RESULTS: Functional performance was significantly related to the quadriceps strength of both legs, but was more strongly related to the uninvolved strength (involved rho=-0.43 with TUG; -0.65 with SCT; 0.64 with 6MW) (uninvolved rho=-0.63 with TUG; -0.68 with SCT; 0.77 with 6MW). During STS, subjects shifted weight away from the operated limb (p<0.01). Quadriceps muscle activity and the extension moments at the knee and hip were smaller in the involved compared to the uninvolved (p<0.05). The amount of asymmetry in knee excursion during weight acceptance in gait, the asymmetry in weight bearing from sit-to-stand, and the uninvolved hip extension moment during STS were related to the amount of asymmetry in quadriceps strength (rho>0.56, p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Quadriceps weakness in patients with TKA has a substantial impact on the movement patterns and performance of the knee during functionally important tasks.

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