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The American system of criminal justice

Author: George F Cole; Christopher E Smith
Publisher: Belmont, CA : West/Wadsworth, ©1998.
Edition/Format:   Book : English : 8th edView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
This book, which is intended to be used as a textbook in an introductory course in criminal justice in America, covers the criminal justice process, the police, the courts, corrections, and the juvenile justice system. From defining what behavior is labeled criminal to deciding the fate of offenders who are caught, the process of criminal justice is a social process subject to many influences other than written law.  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Textbooks
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: George F Cole; Christopher E Smith
ISBN: 0534525334 9780534525330 0534525342 9780534525347
OCLC Number: 37187379
Description: xxv, 667 p. : ill. (some col.), map ; 29 cm.
Contents: Preface --
Part I. The criminal justice process. Chapter 1. Crime and justice in America --
Chapter 2. Crime, victimization, and criminal behavior --
Chapter 3. Criminal justice and the rule of law --
Part II. Police. Chapter 4. Police --
Chapter 5. Police operations --
Chapter 6. Policing : issues and trends --
Part III. Courts. Chapter 7. Court --
Chapter 8. Prosecution and defense --
Chapter 9. Pretrial processes --
Chapter 10. Trial and post-trial processes --
Chapter 11. Punishment and sentencing --
Part IV. Corrections. Chapter 12. Corrections --
Chapter 13. Community corrections : probation and intermediate sanctions --
Chapter 14. Prisons : their goals and management --
Chapter 16. Prison society --
Chapter 16. Release and supervision in the community --
Part V. The Juvenile justice system. Chapter 17. Juvenile justice --
Epilogue : crime and justice in the year 2010 --
Appendix A. Constitution of the United States : criminal justice amendments --
Appendix B. Understanding and using criminal justice data --
References --
Glossary --
Name index --
Subject index --
Credits.
Other Titles: Criminal justice
Responsibility: George F. Cole, Christopher E. Smith.

Abstract:

This book, which is intended to be used as a textbook in an introductory course in criminal justice in America, covers the criminal justice process, the police, the courts, corrections, and the juvenile justice system. From defining what behavior is labeled criminal to deciding the fate of offenders who are caught, the process of criminal justice is a social process subject to many influences other than written law. In introducing the study of this process, the three chapters of part one of this book provide a broad framework for analyzing how American society -- through its police, courts, and corrections -- attempts to deal with criminal behavior. The three chapters of part two examine the police as the key unit of the criminal justice system, as it confronts crime in the community. One chapter traces the history of policing and reviews its functions and organization. A second chapter explores the daily operations of the police, and the third chapter analyzes current issues and trends in policing. In part three, five chapters examine the process by which guilt is determined in accordance with the law's requirements, as well as the processes and underlying philosophies of the punishment that further separates the convicted from the acquitted. An overview of the court is followed by discussions of prosecution and defense, pretrial processes, trial and posttrial processes, and punishment and sentencing. The five chapters of part four address how the American criminal justice system deals with those who are convicted and sentenced. The chapters discuss how various influences have molded the way American society manages those who violate its laws. Topics considered include community corrections (probation and intermediate sanctions); prisons (their goals and management); prison society; and release and supervision in the community. Part five is a single chapter on the juvenile justice system. Following an overview of youth crime in the United States, the development of juvenile justice is traced, followed by a profile of the juvenile justice system and the juvenile justice process. Some juvenile justice problems and perspectives are identified, and the parameters of the debate on whether juvenile offenders should be tried as adults are outlined. Study aids are provided for each chapter.

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schema:description"Preface -- Part I. The criminal justice process. Chapter 1. Crime and justice in America -- Chapter 2. Crime, victimization, and criminal behavior -- Chapter 3. Criminal justice and the rule of law -- Part II. Police. Chapter 4. Police -- Chapter 5. Police operations -- Chapter 6. Policing : issues and trends -- Part III. Courts. Chapter 7. Court -- Chapter 8. Prosecution and defense -- Chapter 9. Pretrial processes -- Chapter 10. Trial and post-trial processes -- Chapter 11. Punishment and sentencing -- Part IV. Corrections. Chapter 12. Corrections -- Chapter 13. Community corrections : probation and intermediate sanctions -- Chapter 14. Prisons : their goals and management -- Chapter 16. Prison society -- Chapter 16. Release and supervision in the community -- Part V. The Juvenile justice system. Chapter 17. Juvenile justice -- Epilogue : crime and justice in the year 2010 -- Appendix A. Constitution of the United States : criminal justice amendments -- Appendix B. Understanding and using criminal justice data -- References -- Glossary -- Name index -- Subject index -- Credits."@en
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