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Analyse économique des biens durables de consommation

Author: Gilles Caire; Denis Kessler
Publisher: [S.l.] : [s.n.], 1997.
Dissertation: Thèse de doctorat : Sciences économiques : Paris 10 : 1997.
Edition/Format:   Thesis/dissertation : Thesis/dissertation : FrenchView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
DANS LE SYSTEME FRANCAIS DE COMPTABILITE NATIONALE, LES MENAGES SONT SUPPOSES "CONSOMMER IMMEDIATEMENT LES BIENS QU'ILS ACHETENT, Y COMPRIS LES BIENS DURABLES". OR CETTE CONVENTION NE PERMET PAS D'APPREHENDER CORRECTEMENT LA COMPLEXITE DES ARTICULATIONS TEMPORELLES ENTRE FLUX D'ACHATS, STOCK DETENU ET SATISFACTION TIREE DES SERVICES RENDUS SUR LA DUREE DE VIE DES BIENS DURABLES. ET C'EST JUSTEMENT CETTE COMPLEXITE
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Material Type: Thesis/dissertation
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Gilles Caire; Denis Kessler
OCLC Number: 490455763
Description: 1 vol., 353 p.
Other Titles: Economic analysis of the demand for consumer durables
Responsibility: Gilles Caire ; sous la direction de Denis Kessler.

Abstract:

DANS LE SYSTEME FRANCAIS DE COMPTABILITE NATIONALE, LES MENAGES SONT SUPPOSES "CONSOMMER IMMEDIATEMENT LES BIENS QU'ILS ACHETENT, Y COMPRIS LES BIENS DURABLES". OR CETTE CONVENTION NE PERMET PAS D'APPREHENDER CORRECTEMENT LA COMPLEXITE DES ARTICULATIONS TEMPORELLES ENTRE FLUX D'ACHATS, STOCK DETENU ET SATISFACTION TIREE DES SERVICES RENDUS SUR LA DUREE DE VIE DES BIENS DURABLES. ET C'EST JUSTEMENT CETTE COMPLEXITE QUI CREE UNE DYNAMIQUE EXTREMEMENT VOLATILE DE LA DEMANDE. EN PRENANT POUR POINT D'APPUI LE POSTULAT INVERSE -L'ACHAT DE BIENS DURABLES CONSTITUE UNE FORME D'INVESTISSEMENT MATERIEL-, CETTE THESE A POUR OBJET DE PROPOSER UN CADRE UNIFIE D'ANALYSE ECONOMIQUE DE LA DEMANDE DE BIENS DURABLES, ET D'EN ILLUSTRER EMPIRIQUEMENT L'INTERET SUR LE CAS FRANCAIS. PAR UNE REFLEXION SUR LA NOTION DE DURABILITE, LA PARTIE PRELIMINAIRE VISE A DISCERNER LES RELATIONS ENTRE AGE ET VALEURS -D'USAGE ET D'ECHANGE- DU BIEN, ET PROPOSE UNE ESTIMATION DE LA VALEUR ET DES INEGALITES DE REPARTITION DU STOCK EN BIENS DURABLES DES MENAGES FRANCAIS. PUIS, DANS UNE LOGIQUE PATRIMONIALE, LA PARTIE 1 ELABORE UNE VOIE COHERENTE D'INTEGRATION DU STOCK DE BIENS DURABLES AU SEIN DES CHOIX D'OPTIMISATION INTERTEMPORELLE DU CONSOMMATEUR PAR LA CONSTRUCTION D'UN PRIX PERIODIQUE DE DENTENTION, LE COUT D'USAGE. CONFORMEMENT A UNE PERSPECTIVE BECKERIENNE, LA PARTIE 2 ENVISAGE ALORS LE BIEN DURABLE COMME UN FACTEUR DE PRODUCTION MENAGERE S'INSERANT AU SEIN D'UN ARBITRAGE ENTRE SERVICES PRODUITS DOMESTIQUEMENT ET SERVICES MARCHANDS. ENFIN, PAR L'INTRODUCTION D'IMPERFECTIONS DE MARCHE (INDIVISIBILITES, COUTS DE TRANSACTION, CONTRAINTES D'EMPRUNT), L'ANALYSE S'ELARGIT DANS LA PARTIE 3 A LA PRISE EN COMPTE DE POSSIBLES DISCORDANCES ENTRE FLUX DE SERVICES DESIRES ET STOCK EFFECTIVEMENT DETENU, PAR AVANCEMENT / RETARDEMENT DES ACHATS DE REMPLACEMENT, DISCORDANCES CONTRIBUANT A RENOUVELER LES TERMES DU DEBAT SUR LA STABILITE DE LA FONCTION DE CONSOMMATION.

ACCORDING TO THE FRENCH NATIONAL ACCOUNTING SYSTEM, HOUSEHOLDS ARE SUPPOSED "TO CONSUME WITHOUT DELAY THE GOODS THEY BUY, INCLUDING DURABLE GOODS". HOWEVER THIS CONVENTION DOES NOT ALLOW US TO TAKE INTO ACCOUNT CORRECTLY THE TEMPORAL LINKS BETWEEN PURCHASE FLOWS, ADDING TO STOCK ALREADY HELD, AND SATISFACTION GAINED FROM THE CONSUMPTION OF SERVICES RENDERED DURING THE LIFETIME OF THE GOODS. AND IT IS PRECISELY THIS COMPLEXITY WHICH CREATES AN EXTREMELY VOLATILE DYNAMIC OF DEMAND. IF WE TAKE THE OPPOSITE POINT OF VIEW -THE PURCHASE OF CONSUMER DURABLES IS A KIND OF CAPITAL INVESTMENT- THE PURPOSE OF THIS WORK IS TO SUGGEST A UNIFIED FRAMEWORK OF ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF THE DEMAND FOR CONSUMER DURABLES, AND TO ILLUSTRATE EMPIRICALLY ITS INTEREST FOR THE FRENCH CASE. BY MEANS OF A REFLECTION ON THE NOTION OF DURABILITY, THE PRELIMINARY PART AIMS TO DISCERN THE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN THE AGE AND THE USE-AND-EXCHANGE VALUES OF THE GOODS, AND OFFER AN ESTIMATE OF THE VALUE AND THE INEQUALITIES IN THE DIVISION OF THE STOCK OF CONSUMER DURABLES IN FRENCH HOUSEHOLDS. FOLLOWING A PATRIMONIAL LOGIC, PART 1 SUGGESTS A COHERENT INTEGRATING WAY FOR DURABLES WITHIN CONSUMER INTERTEMPORAL CHOICES OF OPTIMIZATION, BY BUILDING UP A PERIODICAL OWNING PRICE, THE USER COST. ACCORDING TO A BECKERIAN PERSPECTIVE, THE SECOND PART CONSIDERS DURABLE GOODS AS A FACTOR OF THE HOUSEHOLD'S PROCDUCTION, WITH THE PURPOSE OF ARBITRATION BETWEEN DOMESTICALLY PRODUCED SERVICES AND MARKETABLE SERVICES. FINALLY, BY THE INTRODUCTION OF PHENOMENA OF IRREVERSIBILITY (INDIVISIBILITY, TRANSACTION COSTS, BORROWING CONSTRAINTS) THE ANALYSIS BROADENS IN PART 3 TO INCLUDE POSSIBLE DISCORDS BETWEEN THE FLOW OF REQUIRED SERVICES AND STOCK EFFECTIVELY HELD BACK BY ADVANCING/POSTPONING DECISIONS OF REPLACEMENT DEMAND, SO MANY WAYS ALLOWING US TO RENEW THE DEBATE ON THE STABILITY OF THE FUNCTION OF CONSUMPTION.

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