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Analytical Biogeography : an Integrated Approach to the Study of Animal and Plant Distributions

Author: Alan A Myers; Paul S Giller
Publisher: Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands, 1988.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Biogeography may be defined simply as the study of the geographical distribution of organisms, but this simple defmition hides the great complexity of the subject. Biogeography transcends classical subject areas and involves a range of scientific disciplines that includes geogra phy, geology and biology. Not surprisingly, therefore, it means rather different things to different people. Historically, the study of  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Printed edition:
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Alan A Myers; Paul S Giller
ISBN: 9789400911994 9400911998 9789401070331 9401070334
OCLC Number: 840304445
Description: 1 online resource
Contents: I Biogeographic Perspectives --
1 Process, Pattern and Scale in Biogeography --
II Biogeographic Patterns --
2 Biogeographic Patterns: A Perceptual Overview --
2.1 Introduction --
2.2 Patterns --
2.3 Approaches to biogeography --
2.4 Aims of biogeography: a question of levels --
2.5 Pure biogeography: the biogeographical system --
2.6 Levels, and their implications for historical patterns --
2.7 Summary and conclusions --
3 Species Diversity --
3.1 Introduction --
3.2 Definition and measurement --
3.3 The patterns --
3.4 Hypotheses --
3.5 Evaluation of hypotheses --
3.6 Conclusions --
4 Relationship of Species Number To Area, Distance And Other Variables --
4.1 Introduction --
4.2 Description of the phenomena --
4.3 Explanation of the species --
area effect --
4.4 The nature of environmental heterogeneity --
4.5 The effect of other variables on the species --
area --
4.6 Consequences of the species --
area effect --
5 Endemism: A Botanical Perspective --
5.1 Introduction --
5.2 Biogeographical significance --
5.3 A measure of endemism --
5.4 Extent of and ecological variation in endemism --
5.5 Endemism from various viewpoints --
5.6 Endemism in contemporary biogeography --
5.7 The future --
III Biological Processes in Biogeography --
6 Adaptation --
6.1 What is adaptation? --
6.2 Species' distributions --
6.3 Comparisons among species --
6.4 Mole rats --
a transition to the genetic level --
6.5 Variation within species --
6.6 Adaptation and stressful environments --
6.7 Conclusion --
6.8 Summary --
7 Speciation --
7.1 Introduction --
7.2 The nature of species --
7.3 Modes of speciation --
7.4 Biogeography and speciation --
7.5 Conclusions --
8 Extinction --
8.1 Introduction --
8.2 Diversity --
8.3 Turnover --
8.4 Biases affecting extinction patterns --
8.5 Extinction patterns --
8.6 Extinction susceptibility --
8.7 Extinction causes and processes --
8.8 Conclusions --
9 Ecological Interactions --
9.1 Introduction --
9.2 Background --
9.3 Community characteristics --
9.4 Species' characteristics --
9.5 Complementarities in species' distributions and abundances: bridging the community and individual- species approaches --
9.6 Conclusion --
IV Biogeographic Reconstruction --
10 Refugia --
10.1 Introduction --
10.2 The Pleistocene rain forest refugia hypothesis --
10.3 Testing strategies --
10.4 Conclusions --
11 Phylogenetic Biogeography --
11.1 Introduction --
11.2 Phylogenetic biogeography --
11.3 Vicariance biogeography --
11.4 Dispersal biogeography --
11.5 Significance of fossils to biogeographic hypothesis --
11.6 Conclusions --
12 Cladistic Biogeography --
12.1 Introduction --
12.2 Cladistics and biogeography --
12.3 Applications of cladistics to biogeography --
12.4 Cladistic biogeography --
12.5 Conclusions --
13 Panbiogeography: Method and Synthesis in Biogeography --
13.1 Space-time and biogeography: philosophical considerations --
13.2 Panbiogeography and phylogeny --
13.3 Spatial analysis in biogeography --
13.4 Dispersal, vicariance and panbiogeographic models of Southern Hemisphere and New Zealand biogeography: a comparison --
13.5 Conclusions --
14 From Fossils To Earth History: Applied Historical Biogeography --
14.1 Relevant parts of the biogeographical system and overview of methods --
14.2 Constraints --
14.3 Methods based on distributional change --
14.4 Methods based on originations --
14.5 Discussion --
14.6 Conclusions --
15 Experimental Island Biogeography --
15.1 Introduction --
15.2 An equilibrium theory --
15.3 Implications of island biogeography theory --
15.4 Summary --
References.
Responsibility: edited by Alan A. Myers, Paul S. Giller.

Abstract:

At one end of the gradient, ecological biogeography is concerned with ecological processes occurring over short temporal and small spatial scales, whilst at the other end, historical biogeography is  Read more...

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