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The ancient Maya

作者: Robert J Sharer; Loa P Traxler
出版商: Stanford, Calif. : Stanford University Press, 2006.
版本/格式:   打印圖書 : 英語 : 6th ed所有版本和格式的總覽
資料庫:WorldCat
提要:
Of Archaic and Early Preclassic developments -- Patterns in the evolution of Mesoamerican civilization -- 5. The emergence of Maya civilization in the Middle Preclassic -- The emergence of complex societies -- Markers of complex societies -- The Pacific plain in the Middle Preclassic -- Middle Preclassic commodities and monuments -- The highlands in the Middle Preclassic -- The lowlands in the Middle Preclassic --  再讀一些...
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其他的實體格式: Online version:
Sharer, Robert J.
Ancient Maya.
Stanford, Calif. : Stanford University Press, 2006
(OCoLC)607567980
Online version:
Sharer, Robert J.
Ancient Maya.
Stanford, Calif. : Stanford University Press, 2006
(OCoLC)607826153
資料類型: 網際網路資源
文件類型 圖書, 網際網路資源
所有的作者/貢獻者: Robert J Sharer; Loa P Traxler
ISBN: 0804748160 9780804748162 0804748179 9780804748179
OCLC系統控制編碼: 57577446
描述: xxxiv, 931 pages : illustrations, maps ; 25 cm
内容: Introduction --
Discovery and conquest by Europeans --
The fate of the Maya heritage --
The meaning of Maya civilization --
Foreign domination and rebirth of the Maya heritage --
The destruction of the Maya heritage --
1. The setting of Maya civilization --
Natural and cultural subdivisions of the Maya Area --
The Pacific Coastal plain --
The highlands --
The lowlands --
The consequences of ecological diversity --
2. Archaeology and Maya civilization --
Reconstructing the past --
Changing perspectives on the Maya past --
Models of past societies --
Development of complex society and civilization --
The evolution of civilizations --
Understanding the evolution of Maya civilization --
The Maya economy --
Maya social and political systems --
Maya ideology and religion --
The ancient Maya world --
Elite and nonelite views of the ancient Maya --
Chronology --
3. History and Maya civilization --
Time and Maya history --
Numerals --
The calendar --
Measuring the cycles of time --
Recording the cycles of time --
Sources of Maya history --
The Maya chronicles --
Ancient writing systems --
Pre-Columbian Maya texts --
Ancient Maya writing --
Milestones in decipherment --
Contributions to understanding the ancient Maya --
History and Maya civilization --
4. The origins of Maya civilization --
The chronology of pre-Columbian development --
The Archaic : origins of highland and coastal cultural traditions --
The Early Preclassic : agriculture, warfare, and evidence of complex society --
Preclassic developments on the Gulf Coast of Mexico --
Preclassic developments in highland Mexico. Summary of Archaic and Early Preclassic developments --
Patterns in the evolution of Mesoamerican civilization --
5. The emergence of Maya civilization in the Middle Preclassic --
The emergence of complex societies --
Markers of complex societies --
The Pacific plain in the Middle Preclassic --
Middle Preclassic commodities and monuments --
The highlands in the Middle Preclassic --
The lowlands in the Middle Preclassic --
Middle Preclassic communities --
The rise of complex society in the lowlands --
Further Middle Preclassic developments in the lowlands --
Summary : the Middle Preclassic precursors of Maya civilization --
6. The origins of Maya states in the Late Preclassic --
Late Preclassic Maya civilization and writing traditions--
The Late Preclassic Isthmian tradition --
The Late Preclassic Southern Maya --
Highland-lowland interaction in the Preclassic --
The Maya lowlands in the Late Preclassic --
Patterns of Late Preclassic rulership --
Preclassic developments in the Northern lowlands --
Late Preclassic lowland Maya civilization --
Decline in the terminal Preclassic --
Summary : reconstructing the Maya Preclassic --
7. The expansion of Maya states in the Early Classic --
The Early Classic and the origins of Maya civilization --
The Southern Maya area in the Classic Period --
The Classic transition in the lowlands --
The expansion of states in the Maya lowlands --
Competition and warfare in the Classic lowlands --
The Early Classic in the Maya lowlands --
The rise of Tikal in the Early Classic (ca. 100-378) --
Neighboring centers in the central lowlands (ca. 328-416). Strangers in the lowlands (378-456) --
Expansion into the Southeastern area (406-37) --
Archaeology, history, and Copan's Dynastic founding (ca. 400-470) --
The founder of Quirigua --
The rise of the Calakmul Dynasty (435-561) --
The Calakmul-Caracol alliance --
Prosperity and problems at Tikal (458-562) --
The defeat of Tikal (562) --
Summary : the Early Classic states of the Maya lowlands --
8. The Apogee of Maya states in the Late Classic --
Ascendancy of Calakmul (562-695) --
The resurgence of Tikal (682-768) --
Rise and fall of the Petexbatun Kingdom (682-802) --
The end of the Calakmul Dynasty (695-909) --
Recovery and decline at Caracol (798-859) --
The end of the Tikal Dynasty (768-869) --
Expansion of the Usumacinta polities --
Expansion of the Western polities --
Expansion of the Southeastern polities --
Summary : development of states in the Late Classic lowlands --
9. Transformations in the Terminal Classic --
Decline in the Classic heartland --
The downfall of Classic Maya states --
Explanations for the end of Maya states --
A scenario for the downfall of Classic Maya states --
Survival and revival of Classic enclaves --
Transformation in the Terminal Classic --
The transitional regional traditions --
The rise of the Northern lowland polities --
Polities in Northwestern Yucatan --
Polities in Northeastern Yucatan --
The rise of Chichen Itza --
The Itza economy --
The Itza state --
The cult of K'uk'ulkan --
Changes in the Southern Maya area --
Summary: culmination and transition in the Terminal Classic. 10. Reformulation and revival in the Postclassic --
The downfall of Chichen Itza --
The rise of Mayapan --
The Mayapan state --
The fall of Mayapan and the rise of petty states --
The East Coast of Yucatan --
Revival of fortunes in the Central lowlands --
The Southern Maya area in the Postclassic --
Summary : reformulation and revival in the Postclassic --
Overview : changing perspectives on Maya civilization --
11. The ancient Maya economy --
The political economy --
The social economy --
Mobilization of labor --
Ancient Maya subsistence --
Reconstructing the patterns of subsistence --
Production of goods --
Distribution of goods --
The importance of trade --
Spatial and temporal patterns of long-distance trade --
12. The organization of Maya society --
Reconstructing the social landscape --
Maya society in the Pre-Columbian ea --
Marriage and the family --
Ancient Maya households --
Settlement in the Maya lowlands --
Social stratification --
Residential and descent groups --
Residential groups and the house model. Reconstructing the political landscape --
Diving kings and the hierarchy of power --
Maya polities --
Cycles of growth and decline --
State organizational models --
The basis of political power --
13. Maya ideology and religion --
Maya world view --
Origins of Maya ideology --
Transformations by outsiders --
Cosmology --
Maya deities --
Rituals and ceremonies --
Royal rituals of the Classic Period --
Ritual of the Postclassic and Conquest Periods --
The ideological foundations of Maya Civilization --
Epilogue. The conquest of the Maya --
First contacts, 1502-25 --
The period of conquest, 1524-1697 --
The subjugation of the Southern Maya by Pedro de Alvarado, 1524-27 --
The subjugation of Yucatan by the Montejos, 1527-46 --
The independent Itza, 1525-1696 --
The subjugation of the Itza, 1696-97 --
Appendix. Dates for K'atun and Half-K'atun endings.
責任: Robert J. Sharer with Loa P. Traxler.
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摘要:

This book traces the evolution of Maya civilization through the Pre-Columbian era, a span of some 2,500 years from the origins of complex society within Mesoamerica to the end of the Pre-Columbian  再讀一些...

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