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Ancient West Asian civilization : geoenvironment and society in the pre-Islamic Middle East

Author: Akira Tsuneki; Shigeo Yamada, (Archaeologist); Kenʼichirō Hisada
Publisher: Singapore : Springer, [2017]
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
This book explores aspects of the ancient civilization in West Asia, which has had a great impact on modern human society--agriculture, metallurgy, cities, writing, regional states, and monotheism, all of which appeared first in West Asia during the tenth to first millennia BC. The editors specifically use the term "West Asia" since the "Middle East" is seen as an Eurocentric term. By using this term, the book hopes  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Conference papers and proceedings
Congresses
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Tsuneki, Akira.
Ancient West Asian Civilization : Geoenvironment and Society in the Pre-Islamic Middle East.
Singapore : Springer Singapore, ©2016
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Akira Tsuneki; Shigeo Yamada, (Archaeologist); Kenʼichirō Hisada
ISBN: 9789811005541 9811005540 9811005532 9789811005534
OCLC Number: 957700011
Notes: "The publication of this book is closely related to the symposium "Facilitating the Study of West A sian Civilization: What Does Ancient West Asia Tell Us?" held in Tokyo June 28-29, 2014."--Preface.
Description: 1 online resource
Contents: Preface; Contents; Chapter 1: Introduction: The Aim of Study of Ancient West Asian Civilization; 1.1 The Terms West Asia and€Ancient West Asian Civilization; 1.2 The Necessity of€New Perspectives from€Ancient West Asian Civilization; 1.3 Natural Environment and€Its Significance for€Civilization; 1.4 Societal Elements and€Technologies That Originated in€Ancient West Asia; 1.5 Toward Urbanization; 1.6 Aim of€This Book; References; Part I: Environment and People of Ancient West Asia; Chapter 2: Geology Based Culture?; 2.1 Outline of€West Asia; 2.2 Plate Tectonics of€West Asia. 2.3 Continental and€Regional Topography of€West Asia2.3.1 General View of€West Asian Topography; 2.3.2 The Origin of€the€Desert; 2.3.3 Limestone Caves; 2.4 Geological Features of€West Asia; 2.4.1 General View; 2.4.2 Carbonate Rock; 2.4.2.1 Coral and€Zooxanthellae; 2.4.2.2 Formation of€Carbonate Rock Bodies; 2.4.3 Siliceous Rocks; 2.4.4 Ophiolite; 2.4.4.1 From the€Formation of€Basaltic Magma to€Its Extrusion; 2.4.4.2 Question About the€Formation of€Ophiolites; 2.4.5 History of€Geological Feature in€West Asia; 2.5 Richness of€Mineral Deposits in€West Asia; 2.5.1 Petroleum. 2.5.2 Metallic Minerals2.5.3 Raw Materials for€Stone Tools; 2.6 Conclusions; References; Chapter 3: A Brief Review of€the€Geology of€West Asia; 3.1 Topography and€People; 3.2 Geography; 3.3 General Geology; 3.3.1 Type and€Thickness of€the€Crust; 3.3.2 Crustal Geodynamics and€Major Tectonic Plates of€WA; 3.4 Mineral Resources of€WA; 3.4.1 Mineralization Phases; 3.4.2 Mineral Provinces; 3.5 Energy Resources in€WA; 3.6 Conclusion; References; Chapter 4: Paleoclimatic Changes and€Human Cultural Evolution in€West Asia; 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Paleoclimatic Changes and€Wet Arabia. 4.3 Late Pleistocene€- Holocene Environmental Changes in€Arabia4.4 Climatic Changes and€Their Impact; 4.5 Summary; References; Chapter 5: Earthquake Activity in€West Asia: Seismicity in€the€Mediterranean Sea and€Evaluation of€the€Strong Motion for€the€AD 365 Crete Earthquake Using the€Stochastic Green's Function; 5.1 Introduction; 5.2 Mythology of€the€Earthquake and€Tsunami; 5.2.1 The Presence of€Giants; 5.2.2 Poseidon: God of€the€Sea; 5.3 Crustal Movements; 5.4 Seismic Activity; 5.4.1 Ancient Earthquake Damage; 5.4.1.1 Aptra; 5.4.1.2 Seismic Intensity Distribution of€Past Earthquake. 5.4.1.3 Seismic Hazard Map5.4.1.4 Earthquake Scale; 5.5 Estimation of€Earthquake Ground Motions; 5.5.1 Parameter Setting; 5.5.2 Small Event; 5.5.3 Site-Specific Data; 5.5.4 Estimation of€the€AD 365 Earthquake Ground Motions Waveforms; 5.6 Summary and€Conclusions; References; Part II: Great Transformations in Prehistory; Chapter 6: The Origins of€Agriculture; 6.1 Changing Perspectives on€the€Origin of€Agriculture; 6.2 The Core Area Hypothesis; 6.3 Critique of€the€Single Origin of€Crop Domestication; 6.4 Protracted Process of€Crop Domestication; 6.5 Multiple Origins of€Crop Domestication.
Responsibility: Akira Tsuneki, Shigeo Yamada, Ken-ichiro Hisada, editors.

Abstract:

This book explores aspects of the ancient civilization in West Asia, which has had a great impact on modern human society--agriculture, metallurgy, cities, writing, regional states, and monotheism, all of which appeared first in West Asia during the tenth to first millennia BC. The editors specifically use the term "West Asia" since the "Middle East" is seen as an Eurocentric term. By using this term, the book hopes to mitigate potential bias (i.e. historical and Western) by using a pure geographical term. However, the "West Asia" region is identical to that of the narrower "Middle East," which encompasses modern Iran and Turkey from east to west and Turkey and the Arabian Peninsula from north to south. This volume assembles research from different disciplines, such as the natural sciences, archaeology and philology/linguistics, in order to tackle the question of which circumstances and processes these significant cultural phenomena occurred in West Asia. Scrutinizing subjects such as the relations between climate, geology and human activities, the origins of wheat cultivation and animal domestication, the development of metallurgy, the birth of urbanization and writing, ancient religious traditions, as well as the treatment of cultural heritage, the book undertakes a comprehensive analysis of West Asian Civilization that provided the common background to cultures in various areas of the globe, including Europe and Asia. These contributions will attempt to demonstrate a fresh vision which emphasizes the common cultural origin between Europe and West Asia, standing in opposition to the global antagonism symbolized by the theory of "Clash of Civilizations."

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