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|Named Person:||Edith Abbott; Grace Abbott; Jane Addams; Owen Addis; Herman Nathan Adler; Harland H Allen; John Peter Altgeld; Wallace Walter Atwood; Zonia Baber; Frank M Bailey; Charles Sumner Bacon; Calvin Benham Baldwin; Courtenay Barber; Clifford Webster Barnes; Stringfellow Barr; Frank G Baudreau; Charles Christian Bauer; Gertrude Beeks; Stephen Benedict; Philip Bennett; Cyrus Bentley; William McCormick Blair; Henri Bonnet; Louise de Koven Bowen; Sophonisba P Breckinridge; Fletcher Sims Brockman; Philip King Brown; Nicholas Murray Butler; Howard S Bliss; Carrie Chapman Catt; Henry Porter Chandler; Edward C Carter; Edwin Henry Cassels; John H Clarke; Edwin M Clough; Everett Colby; Ruth Cranston; Cornelia B de Bey; John Dewey; Joseph Edward Davies; Flora J Cooke; William E Dodd; Emily Taft Douglas; William O Douglas; Paul Draper; Emma Dryer; W E B Du Bois; Ethel Sturges Dummer; Clark M Eichelberger; Victor Elting; Edwin Rogers Embree; Sherwood Eddy; Fyke Farmer; Arthur Burrage Farwell; Henry Baird Favill; Frederick V Field; Irving Fisher; Marshall Field; Patrick Geddes; Charles Whitney Gilkey; Charles Oliver Gray; Roger Sherman Greene; Arthur J Goldberg; G Stanley Hall; William Rainey Harper; William Torrey Harris; Stuart Hayden; Manley Oltmer Hudson; Herbert Hoover; Robert Maynard Hutchins; Wilbur S Jackman; Asa K Jennings; Florence Tye Jennison; Charles Hubbard Judd; Clay Judson; Leroy F Jackson; Florence Kelley; Paul Underwood Kellogg; Julia Clifford Lathrop; Walter Herman Carl Laves; J G C Lee; Henry Robinson Luce; Henry Winters Luce; Frank O Lowden; Salvador de Madariaga; Chauncey B McCormick; Cyrus Hall McCormick; Harriet Hammond McCormick; Medill McCormick; Stanley R McCormick; James G K McClure; James Gore King McClure; Mary Eliza McDowell; John T McManus; Adolf Meyer; John R Mott; Edgar Ansel Mowrer; Dwight Lyman Moody; Charles Edward Merriam; James G Patton; Allen Bartlit Pond; Jacob A Riis; Margaret Dreier Robins; Eleanor Roosevelt; Franklin D Roosevelt; Theodore Roosevelt; Anna Howard Shaw; William H Short; Ruth Hanna McCormick Simms; Perry Dunlap Smith; Ellen Gates Starr; Adlai E Stevenson; John Timothy Stone; Arthur Swetser; Harold F Swift; Marion Talbot; Graham Taylor; Harriet Taylor; Harry S Truman; Henry Usborne; Henry Van Dyke; Oswald Garrison Villard; Harriet E Vittum; Booker T Washington; William Allen White; George W Wickersham; Ray Lyman Wilbur; Aubrey Willis Williams; Harris Wofford; Y C James Yen; Adams family.; Blaine family.; McCormick family.|
|Document Type:||Archival Material|
|All Authors / Contributors:||
Anita McCormick Blaine
|Description:||393.1 c.f. (939 archives boxes, 16 record center cartons, 9 volumes, and 1 oversize folder)|
|Other Titles:||McCormick collection series 1E-2E.|
At about the age of thirty Anita Blaine came under the influence of Francis W. Parker and the movement toward a system of progressive education. She conceived of an ideal teacher-training institution under Parker's direction, and the Chicago Institute thus came into being. Her papers contain extensive records relating to this experimental school, including correspondence, minutes of trustee meetings, memoranda of conferences, financial statments, salary schedules, endowment agreements, and negotiations with the University of Chicago when that institution absorbed the Institute to form its School of Education.
Mrs. Blaine established the Francis W. Parker elementary school on Chicago's near north side and assisted its first principal, Flora J. Cooke. Her papers demonstrate the extent to which she gave of her own time to insure its success. Between 1905 and 1907 her service as a member of Chicago's Board of Education produced a large file of minutes, reports, recommendations, and correspondence relating to Chicago's public schools. Although less personally involved, her concern for education expanded to include institutions throughout the country and abroad, as documented in her correspondence.
Convinced that inherited wealth was a trust to be used in behalf of others--the papers are replete with letters and drafts of ideas expressing this principle--Anita Blaine did not confine her activities to education. Correspondence, reports, speeches, and proposals reveal that she was simultaneously working with corporations and individuals involved in child welfare and social reform, particularly in Chicago. Through the years her activities created a large file relating to the Chicago City Council and many of its bureaus and committees. The papers contain ample evidence of her readiness to express her views to other persons of influence, and in 1936 she appeared on weekly radio in behalf of the Good Neighbor League, as evidenced by correspondence and clippings.
Mrs. Blaine's greatest interest was in finding a means to achieve permanent world peace. This concern is reflected in the great number of manuscripts in the 1920's and 1930's relating to various organizations which she supported, especially the World Citizens Association, organized in 1938 in her home to research and publicize the need for world co-operation. She served the association as vice-chairman, contributed funds, and co-authored The World at the Crossroads. With the approach of World War II, the papers pertain also to her work on the executive committee of the International Rescue Committee to aid refugees from Fascist countries, and her support of the Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies. Among other things she helped plan and finance the Pocono Pines (Pennsylvania) Conference to discuss extra-governmental ways to resolve differences between peoples. Out of this came her million-dollar gift to the Foundation for World Government, for which her papers contain the Foundation's correspondence, minutes, speeches, memoranda, agreements, bank statements, records of grants, and audits.
Correspondence relating to politics and other matters was carried on with presidents and other noteworthy individuals, and her service with the women's division of the Illinois Political Action Committee led her to become one of the moving forces in creation of the Progressive Party. For the Henry A. Wallace presidential campaign of 1948 a file contains correspondence with Wallace and others, memoranda of meetings in her home, speeches, and records of her large contributions.
In addition to these causes that claimed most of her attention, the papers contain a variety of materials relating to many other philanthropies and interests. For instance, she corresponded with James G. K. McClure, Sr., John Timothy Stone, and Andrew C. Zenos of the McCormick Theological Seminary in Chicago; Charles Oliver Gray of Tusculum College; Chauncy B. McCormick concerning the Art Institute of Chicago and Polish relief; Fletcher S. Brockman, Sherwood Eddy, and John R. Mott regarding the Young Men's Christian Association and other topics; Harriet Taylor of the Young Women's Christian Association; Dwight L. Moody and Emma Dryer relating to their Bible work; Henry Winters Luce concerning Peking University in China; William Plumer Jacobs of the Thornwell Orphanage in South Carolina; James G. K. McClure, Jr. of the Farmer's Federation of North Carolina; and Henry Van Dyke of Princeton. She received letters and reports from psychiatrists Adolf Meyer and William Alanson White, and cooperated with her brothers in contributing to psychiatric research at Johns Hopkins University. A large gift to the Chinese people in 1943 was followed by notes from Madame Chiang Kai-shek, to whom she presented the fund.
Although there is evidence that institutional religion was less important to her than to her mother, the papers show much concern for her own Fourth Presbyterian Church, the ministerial fund, and mission work of the Presbyterian Church in the United States. She also continued to support many of the other causes supported by her parents.
In behalf of her many projects she received letters and landscape designs from Warren H. Manning. Included in her correspondence are also letters from Britishers interested in psychic phenomena--Helen V. Alvey, Arthur Conan Doyle, and Oliver Lodge--a subject that increasingly intrigued her in her later years. The files on Cyrus Bentley and his son, Richard, and those of McCormick Estates and the International Harvester Company provide the most complete record of Mrs. Blaine's financial situation. As her friend and personal attorney, Cyrus Bentley helped manage her business affairs and took an active part in many of the same organizations as she.
Letters, clippings, photographs, ledgers, and memoranda concerning her family and personal business show her to have been in close contact with her mother and brothers. Because the activities, finances, and trusteeships of Nettie McCormick and her children Cyrus, Jr., Anita, and Harold were so interlocking, they held many conferences, for most of which minutes are filed. As a trustee for the care and estates of her incompetent sister and brother, Virginia and Stanley, voluminous correspondence was carried on by Anita with their many companions, doctors, and lawyers. In addition to a large number of friends, Mrs. Blaine corresponded with many members of the Adams, Blaine, and McCormick families.
- Abbott, Edith, -- 1876-1957.
- Abbott, Grace, -- 1878-1939.
- Addams, Jane, -- 1860-1935.
- Addis, Owen.
- Adler, Herman Nathan, -- 1839-1911.
- Allen, Harland H.
- Altgeld, John Peter, -- 1847-1902.
- Atwood, Wallace Walter, -- 1872-1949.
- Baber, Zonia.
- Bailey, Frank M.
- Bacon, Charles Sumner, -- 1856-
- Baldwin, Calvin Benham, -- 1902-1975.
- Barber, Courtenay.
- Barnes, Clifford Webster, -- 1864-1944.
- Barr, Stringfellow, -- 1897-1982.
- Baudreau, Frank G.
- Bauer, Charles Christian, -- 1881-1939.
- Beeks, Gertrude.
- Benedict, Stephen.
- Bennett, Philip.
- Bentley, Cyrus.
- Blair, William McCormick, -- 1884-1982.
- Bonnet, Henri, -- 1888-1978.
- Bowen, Louise de Koven, -- 1859-1953.
- Breckinridge, Sophonisba P. -- (Sophonisba Preston), -- 1866-1948.
- Brockman, Fletcher Sims, -- 1867-1944.
- Brown, Philip King, -- 1869-1940.
- Butler, Nicholas Murray, -- 1862-1947.
- Bliss, Howard S. -- (Howard Sweetser), -- 1860-1920.
- Catt, Carrie Chapman, -- 1859-1947.
- Chandler, Henry Porter, -- 1880-
- Carter, Edward C. -- (Edward Clark), -- 1878-1954.
- Cassels, Edwin Henry, -- 1874-
- Clarke, John H. -- (John Hessin), -- 1857-1945.
- Clough, Edwin M.
- Colby, Everett, -- 1874-1943.
- Cranston, Ruth.
- de Bey, Cornelia B.
- Dewey, John, -- 1859-1952.
- Davies, Joseph Edward, -- 1876-1958.
- Cooke, Flora J. -- (Flora Juliette), -- 1864-1953.
- Dodd, William E. -- (William Edward), -- 1869-1940.
- Douglas, Emily Taft.
- Douglas, William O. -- (William Orville), -- 1898-1980.
- Draper, Paul.
- Dryer, Emma.
- Du Bois, W. E. B. -- (William Edward Burghardt), -- 1868-1963.
- Dummer, Ethel Sturges.
- Eichelberger, Clark M. -- (Clark Mell), -- 1896-1980.
- Elting, Victor, -- 1871-
- Embree, Edwin Rogers, -- 1883-1950.
- Eddy, Sherwood, -- 1871-1963.
- Farmer, Fyke.
- Farwell, Arthur Burrage.
- Favill, Henry Baird, -- 1860-1916.
- Field, Frederick V. -- (Frederick Vanderbilt), -- 1905-2000.
- Fisher, Irving, -- 1867-1947.
- Field, Marshall, -- 1893-1956.
- Geddes, Patrick, -- 1854-1952.
- Gilkey, Charles Whitney, -- 1882-1968.
- Gray, Charles Oliver.
- Greene, Roger Sherman, -- 1881-1947.
- Goldberg, Arthur J.
- Hall, G. Stanley -- (Granville Stanley), -- 1844-1924.
- Harper, William Rainey, -- 1856-1906.
- Harris, William Torrey, -- 1835-1909.
- Hayden, Stuart.
- Hudson, Manley Oltmer, -- 1886-
- Hoover, Herbert, -- 1874-1964.
- Hutchins, Robert Maynard, -- 1899-1977.
- Jackman, Wilbur S. -- (Wilbur Samuel), -- 1855-1907.
- Jennings, Asa K.
- Jennison, Florence Tye.
- Judd, Charles Hubbard, -- 1873-1946.
- Judson, Clay.
- Jackson, Leroy F. -- (Leroy Freeman), -- 1881-1958.
- Kelley, Florence, -- 1859-1932.
- Kellogg, Paul Underwood, -- 1879-1958.
- Lathrop, Julia Clifford, -- 1858-1932.
- Laves, Walter Herman Carl, -- 1902-
- Lee, J. G. C.
- Luce, Henry Robinson, -- 1898-1967.
- Luce, Henry Winters, -- 1868-1941.
- Lowden, Frank O. -- (Frank Orren), -- 1861-1943.
- Madariaga, Salvador de, -- 1886-1978.
- McCormick, Chauncey B.
- McCormick, Cyrus Hall, -- 1859-1936.
- McCormick, Harriet Hammond, -- d. 1921.
- McCormick, Medill, -- 1877-1925.
- McCormick, Stanley R., -- 1874-1947.
- McClure, James G. K. -- (James Gore King), -- 1848-1932.
- McClure, James Gore King.
- McDowell, Mary Eliza, -- 1854-1936.
- McManus, John T.
- Meyer, Adolf, -- 1866-1950.
- Mott, John R. -- (John Raleigh), -- 1865-1955.
- Mowrer, Edgar Ansel, -- 1892-1977.
- Moody, Dwight Lyman, -- 1837-1899.
- Merriam, Charles Edward, -- 1874-1953.
- Patton, James G. -- (James George), -- 1902-1985.
- Pond, Allen Bartlit, -- 1858-1929.
- Riis, Jacob A. -- (Jacob August), -- 1849-1914.
- Robins, Margaret Dreier.
- Roosevelt, Eleanor, -- 1884-1962.
- Roosevelt, Franklin D. -- (Franklin Delano), -- 1882-1945.
- Roosevelt, Theodore, -- 1858-1919.
- Shaw, Anna Howard, -- 1847-1919.
- Short, William H. -- (William Harrison), -- 1868-1935.
- Simms, Ruth Hanna McCormick, -- 1880-1944.
- Smith, Perry Dunlap.
- Starr, Ellen Gates.
- Stevenson, Adlai E. -- (Adlai Ewing), -- 1900-1965.
- Stone, John Timothy, -- 1868-1954.
- Swetser, Arthur.
- Swift, Harold F.
- Talbot, Marion, -- 1858-1948.
- Taylor, Graham, -- 1851-1938.
- Taylor, Harriet.
- Truman, Harry S., -- 1884-1972.
- Usborne, Henry.
- Van Dyke, Henry, -- 1852-1933.
- Villard, Oswald Garrison, -- 1872-1949.
- Vittum, Harriet E.
- Washington, Booker T., -- 1856-1915.
- White, William Allen, -- 1868-1944.
- Wickersham, George W. -- (George Woodward), -- 1858-1936.
- Wilbur, Ray Lyman, -- 1875-1949.
- Williams, Aubrey Willis, -- 1890-1965.
- Wofford, Harris.
- Yen, Y. C. James, -- 1893-1990.
- Adams family.
- Blaine family.
- McCormick family.
- American Association for Labor Legislation.
- American Association for the United Nations.
- American Civic Foundation.
- American Social Hygiene Association.
- Chicago Bureau of Public Efficiency.
- Chicago Council of Social Agencies.
- Chicago (Ill.). -- City Council.
- Chicago Institute, Academic and Pedagogic.
- Chicago Urban League.
- City Club of Chicago.
- Foundation for World Government.
- Fourth Presbyterian Church (Chicago, Ill.)
- Francis W. Parker School (Chicago, Ill.)
- Hull-House (Chicago, Ill.)
- Institute for Juvenile Research (Ill.)
- Juvenile Protective Association.
- League of Women Voters (U.S.)
- National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
- National Child Labor Committee (U.S.)
- Women's Trade Union League of Chicago.
- Child welfare.
- Education -- Illinois -- Chicago -- Experimental methods.
- Peace movements.
- Philanthropists -- Illinois -- Chicago.
- Progressivism (United States politics)
- Social reformers -- Illinois -- Chicago.
- Trusts and trustees.
- Women in charitable work -- Illinois -- Chicago.
- Chicago (Ill.)
- Chicago (Ill.) -- Politics and government.