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Application of ionic liquids on rare earth green separation and utilization

Author: Ji Chen
Publisher: Berlin : Springer, [2016] ©2016
Series: Green chemistry and sustainable technology.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
This book comprehensively details the applications of ionic liquids in rare earth green separation and utilization based on the unique interactions of ionic liquids with rare earth ions. It consists of nine chapters demonstrating the synthesis and properties of ionic liquids, coordination chemistry of ionic liquids and rare earth, ionic liquids as diluents, extractants, adsorption resins for rare earth extraction  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Application of ionic liquids on rare earth green separation and utilization.
Berlin : Springer, [2016]
(OCoLC)909327703
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Ji Chen
ISBN: 9783662475102 3662475103
OCLC Number: 923734238
Description: 1 online resource.
Contents: Preface; Contents; Contributors; Part I: Introduction; Chapter 1: Ionic Liquids in the Context of Rare Earth Separation and Utilization; 1.1 Rare Earths; 1.2 Overview of REs Resources and Associated Issues; 1.2.1 Primary Resource; 1.2.1.1 Bastnasite; 1.2.1.2 Monazite; 1.2.1.3 Ion-Absorbed RE Deposit; 1.2.2 Secondary Resource; 1.2.3 Advanced Nuclear Fuel System; 1.3 Separation History of REs; 1.3.1 Hazardous Issues Associated with Organic Dilute; 1.3.2 Overview of the Defects of Organic Extractant; 1.4 Ionic Liquids in RE Separation; 1.4.1 Introduction of Ionic Liquids; 1.4.2 Why Choose ILs? 1.4.3 Uniqueness of ILs for the Separation1.4.3.1 ILs Used as Solvent; 1.4.3.2 ILs Used as Extractant; 1.5 Solid-Liquid Separation Systems; 1.6 IL-Based RE Functional Materials; 1.7 Outlook; References; Part II: Chemistry of Ionic Liquids with Rare Earth; Chapter 2: Using Crystal Structures of Ionic Compounds to Explore Complexation and Extraction of Rare Earth Elements in Ionic ... ; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Inner-Sphere Interactions Between Metal Ions and Ionic Liquid Extractants: Bis(O, O-ethyl)dithiophosphate. 2.3 Inner- and Outer-Sphere Interactions in a Fully Ionic Environment: 1,2-di(4-Pyridyl)ethylene2.4 Ionic Interactions Between Charged Complexes of Different Metals: [Tb(NO3)2(OH2)5][Th(NO3)5(OH2)2]; 2.5 Conclusions; References; Part III: Ionic Liquids for the Extraction and Separation of Rare Earth; Chapter 3: Separating Rare-Earth Elements with Ionic Liquids; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Preparation of Ionic Liquids for Extraction; 3.2.1 Synthesis Methods; 3.2.2 Purification Methods; 3.3 Properties of Ionic Liquids for Extraction; 3.3.1 Volatility, Thermal Stability, and Flammability. 3.3.2 Viscosity3.3.3 Solubility and Degradation; 3.4 Recycling Rare-Earth Elements with Ionic Liquid-Based Extractants; 3.4.1 Solvent Extraction Separation of La3+ and Ba2+; 3.4.2 TALSPEAK-Like Extraction of REEs with Task-Specific ILs; 3.4.3 Mechanism Study of TALSPEAK-Like Extraction of REEs; 3.4.4 Extracting REEs from Aqueous Solution with Methylimidazole in Ionic Liquids; 3.5 Conclusions; References; Chapter 4: Ionic Liquid-Based Extraction and the Application to Liquid Membrane Separation of Rare Earth Metals; 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Extraction System for Rare-Earth Metals Using ILs. 4.2.1 Extraction Using Industrial Extractants4.2.2 Extraction Using a Novel Extractant; 4.2.3 Application of IL DODGAA System; 4.3 IL-Based Liquid Membrane System; 4.4 Conclusions; References; Chapter 5: Application of Ionic Liquid Extractants on Rare Earth Green Separation; 5.1 General; 5.2 Preparation and Classification of ILs for REEs Separation; 5.2.1 General Terms and Signs for Extraction Procedure; 5.2.1.1 Distribution Ratio (D); 5.2.1.2 Extraction Efficiency (E%); 5.2.1.3 Separation Factor (beta); 5.2.1.4 Stripping Ratio (St); 5.2.2 Preparation of Bif-ILEs.
Series Title: Green chemistry and sustainable technology.
Responsibility: Ji Chen, editor.

Abstract:

This book comprehensively details the applications of ionic liquids in rare earth green separation and utilization based on the unique interactions of ionic liquids with rare earth ions. It consists of nine chapters demonstrating the synthesis and properties of ionic liquids, coordination chemistry of ionic liquids and rare earth, ionic liquids as diluents, extractants, adsorption resins for rare earth extraction and separation, electrodeposition of rare earth metals in ionic liquids, and preparation of rare earth material with the aid of ionic liquids. It is both interesting and useful to chemists, metallurgists and graduate students working on fundamental research of ionic liquids as well as professionals in the rare earth industry. It provides considerable insights into green chemistry and sustainable processes for rare earth separation in order to meet the environmental challenge of rare earth metallurgy around the globe, especially in China. Ji Chen is a Professor of Chemistry at the Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China.

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