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Applied physiology in intensive care medicine

Author: Michael R Pinsky
Publisher: Dordrecht ; New York : Springer, ©2009.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : 2nd edView all editions and formats
Summary:
This second, revised edition of Applied Physiology in Intensive Care Medicine aims to help overcome the fundamental unevenness in clinicians' understanding of applied physiology, which can lead to suboptimal treatment decisions. It is divided into three sections. The first comprises a series of "physiological notes" that concisely and clearly capture the essence of the physiological perspectives underpinning our  Read more...
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Michael R Pinsky
ISBN: 9783642017681 3642017681 9783642017698 364201769X
OCLC Number: 401157463
Notes: "The articles in this book appeared in the journal 'Intensive care medicine' between 2002 and February 2009"--Title page verso.
Description: xvi, 469 pages : illustrations
Contents: Machine generated contents note: 1.Physiological Notes --
1.1.Pulmonary --
1.1.1.Respiratory Mechanics --
Intrinsic (or auto-) positive end-expiratory pressure during controlled mechanical ventilation / Laurent Brochard --
Intrinsic (or auto-) positive end-expiratory pressure during spontaneous or assisted ventilation / Laurent Brochard --
Work of breathing / Belen Cabello / Jordi Mancebo --
Interpretation of airway pressure waveforms / Evans R. Fernandez-Perez / Rolf D. Hubmayr --
Measurement of respiratory system resistance during mechanical ventilation / Claude Guerin / Jean-Christophe Richard --
Understanding wasted/ineffective efforts in mechanically ventilated COPD patients using the Campbell diagram / Theodoros Vassilakopoulos --
1.1.2.Gas exchange --
Dead space / Umberto Lucangelo / Luis Blanch --
The multiple inert gas elimination technique (MIGET) / Peter D. Wagner Note continued: Alveolar ventilation and pulmonary blood flow: the V[subscript A]/O[subscript T] concept / Enrico Calzia / Peter Radermacher --
Mechanisms of hypoxemia / Robert Rodriguez-Roisin / Josep Roca --
Pulse oximetry / Amal Jubran --
Effects of body temperature on blood gases / Andreas Bacher --
Venous oximetry / Frank Bloos / Konrad Reinhart --
Relation between PaO[subscript 2]/F[subscript 1]O[subscript 2] ratio and F[subscript 1]O[subscript 2]: a mathematical description / Jerome Aboab / Bruno Louis / Bjorn Jonson / Laurent Brochard --
Hypoxemia due to increased venous admixture: influence of cardiac output on oxygenation / Jukka Takala --
1.2.Cardiovascular --
Pulmonary vascular resistance: A meaningless variable? / Robert Naeije --
Pulmonary artery occlusion pressure / Michael R. Pinsky --
Clinical significance of pulmonary artery occlusion pressure / Michael R. Pinsky --
Pulmonary capillary pressure / Jukka Takala Note continued: Ventricular interdependence: how does it impact on hemodynamic evaluation in clinical practice? / Francois Jardin --
Cyclic changes in arterial pressure during mechanical ventilation / Francois Jardin --
1.3.Metabolism and Renal Function --
Lactic acidosis / Daniel De Backer --
Defining renal failure: physiological principles / Rinaldo Bellomo / John A. Kellum / Claudio Ronco --
Hypotension during intermittent hemodialysis: new insights into an old problem / Frederique Schortgen --
1.4.Cerebral Function --
Intracranial pressure. Part one: Historical overview and basic concepts / Peter J. D. Andrews / Giuseppe Citerio --
Intracranial pressure. Part two: Clinical applications and technology / Giuseppe Citerio / Peter J. D. Andrews --
Neuromonitoring in the intensive care unit. Part one: Intracranial pressure and cerebral blood flow monitoring / Anuj Bhatia / Arun Kumar Gupta Note continued: Neuromonitoring in the intensive care unit. Part two: Cerebral oxygenation monitoring and microdialysis / Anuj Bhatia / Arun Kumar Gupta --
2.Physiological Reviews --
2.1.Measurement techniques --
Fluid responsiveness in mechanically ventilated patients: a review of indices used in intensive care / Karim Bendjelid / Jacques-Andre Romand --
Different techniques to measure intra-abdominal pressure (IAP): time for a critical re-appraisal / Manu L. N. G. Malbrain --
Tissue capnometry: does the answer lie under the tongue? / Alexandre Toledo Maciel / Jacques Creteur / Jean-Louis Vincent --
Noninvasive monitoring of peripheral perfusion / Alexandre Lima / Jan Barker --
Ultrasonographic examination of the venae cavae / Antoine Vieillard-Baron / Francois Jardin --
Passive leg raising / Xavier Monnet / Jean-Louis Teboul --
2.2.Physiological processes --
Sleep in the intensive care unit / Sairam Parthasarathy / Martin J. Tobin Note continued: Magnesium in critical illness: metabolism, assessment, and treatment / J. Luis Noronha / George M. Matuschak --
Pulmonary endothelium in acute lung injury: from basic science to the critically ill / Stylianos E. Orfanos / Irene Mavrommati / Ioanna Korovesi / Charis Roussos --
Pulmonary and cardiac sequelae of subarachnoid haemorrhage: time for active management? / Carol S. A. MacMillan / Ian S. Grant / Peter J. D. Andrews --
Permissive hypercapnia --
role in protective lung ventilatory strategies / John G. Laffey / Donall O'Croinin / Paul McLoughlin / Brian P. Kavanagh --
Right ventricular function and positive pressure ventilation in clinical practice: from hemodynamic subsets to respirator settings / Francois Jardin / Antoine Vieillard-Baron --
Acute right ventricular failure --
from pathophysiology to new treatments / Alexandre Mebazaa / Peter Karpati / Estelle Renaud / Lars Algotsson Note continued: Red blood cell rheology in sepsis / Michael Piagnerelli / Karim Zouaoui-Boudjeltia / Michel Vanhaeverbeek / Jean-Louis Vincent --
Stress-hyperglycemia, insulin and immunomodulation in sepsis / Paul E. Marik / Murugan Ragavanh --
Hypothalamic-pituitary dysfunction in critically ill patients with traumatic and nontraumatic brain injury / Ioanna Dimopoulou / Stylianos Tsagarakis --
Matching total body oxygen consumption and delivery: a crucial objective? / Pierre Squara --
Normalizing physiological variables in acute illness: five reasons for caution / Brian P. Kavanagh / L. Joanne Meyer --
Interpretation of the echocardiographic pressure gradient across a pulmonary artery band in the setting of a univentricular heart / Shane M. Tibby / Andrew Durward --
Ventilator-induced diaphragm dysfunction: the clinical relevance of animal models / Theodoros Vassilakopoulos Note continued: Understanding organ dysfunction in hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis / Elie Azoulay / Caroline Creput / Lionel Galicier / Sophie Buyse --
3.Seminal Studies in Intensive Care --
Manipulating afterload for the treatment of acute heart failure. A historical summary / Claude Perret / Jean-Francois Enrico --
Nosocomial pneumonia / Waldemar G. Johanson / Lisa L. Dever --
The introduction of positive endexpiratory pressure into mechanical ventilation: a retrospective / Konrad J. Falke --
Elastic pressure-volume curves in acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome / Bjorn Jonson --
The concept of "baby lung" / Luciano Gattinoni / Antonio Pesenti --
The effects of anesthesia and muscle paralysis on the respiratory system / Lennart Edmark / Goran Hedenstierna --
Diaphragmatic fatigue during sepsis and septic shock / Sophie Lanone / Camille Taille / Jorge Boczkowski / Michel Aubier Note continued: The use of severity scores in the intensive care / Jean-Roger Le Gall --
Oxygen transport --
the oxygen delivery controversy / Daniel De Backer / Jean-Louis Vincent --
Organ dysfunction during sepsis / Suveer Singh / Timothy W. Evans --
Ventilator-induced lung injury: from the bench to the bedside / Lorraine N. Tremblay / Arthur S. Slutsky --
Remembrance of Weaning Past: the Seminal Studies / Martin J. Tobin --
Interactions between respiration and systemic hemodynamics. Part I: basic concepts / Francois Feihl / Alain F. Broccard --
Interactions between respiration and systemic hemodynamics. Part II: practical implications in critical care / Francois Feihl / Alain F. Broccard.
Other Titles: Intensive care medicine.
Responsibility: M.R. Pinsky [and others] (eds.).

Abstract:

Revised and updated for this second edition, this compendium is essential to the effective delivery of acute care medicine and has been written by renowned experts in the field. It will serve as an  Read more...

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From the reviews of the second edition: "This is a collection of physiologic papers from reviews presented in Intensive Care Medicine from 2002 to early 2009. Presentations from major figures in Read more...

 
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   schema:description "Note continued: Magnesium in critical illness: metabolism, assessment, and treatment / J. Luis Noronha / George M. Matuschak -- Pulmonary endothelium in acute lung injury: from basic science to the critically ill / Stylianos E. Orfanos / Irene Mavrommati / Ioanna Korovesi / Charis Roussos -- Pulmonary and cardiac sequelae of subarachnoid haemorrhage: time for active management? / Carol S. A. MacMillan / Ian S. Grant / Peter J. D. Andrews -- Permissive hypercapnia -- role in protective lung ventilatory strategies / John G. Laffey / Donall O'Croinin / Paul McLoughlin / Brian P. Kavanagh -- Right ventricular function and positive pressure ventilation in clinical practice: from hemodynamic subsets to respirator settings / Francois Jardin / Antoine Vieillard-Baron -- Acute right ventricular failure -- from pathophysiology to new treatments / Alexandre Mebazaa / Peter Karpati / Estelle Renaud / Lars Algotsson"@en ;
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