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Arctic Adaptations : Native Whalers and Reindeer Herders of Northern Eurasia.

Author: Igor Krupnik; Marcia Levenson
Publisher: Lebanon : Dartmouth College Press, 2014.
Series: Arctic Visions Series.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
The evolving culture of indigenous communities in Siberia.
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Krupnik, Igor.
Arctic Adaptations : Native Whalers and Reindeer Herders of Northern Eurasia.
Lebanon : Dartmouth College Press, ©2014
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Igor Krupnik; Marcia Levenson
ISBN: 9781611686852 1611686857
OCLC Number: 898102504
Notes: Natural Resource Utilization.
Description: 1 online resource (390 pages).
Contents: Cover; Half-title; Title; Copyright; Contents; List of Illustrations; Preface to the Russian Edition; Preface to the American Edition; CHAPTER ONE Arctic Context and Research Design; Defining the Boundaries of the Arctic: Geography, Ecology, and Anthropology; Subsistence; Classification Systems for Arctic Subsistence; Studies of Arctic Subsistence: North America; Studies of Arctic Subsistence: Siberia; Adaptation; The ""Equilibrium Societies""; Research Methodology; Focus of the Present Study; CHAPTER TWO Sea-Mammal Hunters of the Arctic Coast; Historical Setting; Traditional Resource Use. Exploited TerritoryThe Hunting Community; The Material Basis of Subsistence; Needs of the Eskimo Community; Production in the Eskimo Economy; Analysis of the Food Balances; Ecological Pressures of Native Subsistence; Eskimo Adaptations; CHAPTER THREE Reindeer Pastoralists of the Inland Tundra; Introduction; Reindeer Nomadism and Its Resource Strategies; Land Use and Pasture Rotation; Demography of the Nomadic Community; Domestic Animal Stocks; Subsistence Implements and Their Recycling; Consumption Needs of the Pastoralist Community; Productivity of the Herding Economy. Analysis of Subsistence BalancesConclusion; CHAPTER FOUR The Challenge of Change in the Arctic Environment; Introduction; Climatic Change in the Eurasian Arctic; Extreme Natural Phenomena; Fluctuations in Wildlife Populations; Epizootics in the Domestic Animal Population; Summary: The Arctic as a Human Econiche; CHAPTER FIVE The Rise of Reindeer Pastoralism in the Arctic; Introduction; Ethnohistorical Records on Reindeer Pastoralism; Explanatory Models; Ecological Model; Social vs. Environmental Agents of Change; Transition to the Reindeer Economy: The Earliest Records. Interactions Between Wild and Domestic HerdsOther Factors in the Pastoralist Transition; Pastoralism and Population Growth; The Established Pastoralist Economy; Summary and Conclusions; CHAPTER SIX The Evolution of Maritime Hunting; Introduction; Climatic Models of Eskimo Subsistence Trends; The ""Adaptation"" Framework; Trends and Recurrent Cycles in Eskimo Resource Utilization; Population Dynamics and Shifts on the Arctic Coast; Changes in Hunting Implements and Techniques; Factors in Maritime Subsistence Transitions; Maritime Subsistence in the Western Eurasian Arctic. The Dual Subsistence ModelCHAPTER SEVEN The Aboriginal Hunter in the Arctic Ecosystem; Population Continuity; Health, Mortality, and Population Increase; More on Infanticide in the Arctic; Ecopopulation Strategies; Migrations and Population Growth; Population Models; Harvest Techniques in the Arctic; Cases of Indigenous Overkill; Overkill and Harvest Strategies; Overkill and ""Rationality"" in Aboriginal Subsistence; Arctic versus Boreal Subsistence; CHAPTER EIGHT Arctic Adaptations and Paleolithic Society; Prehistoric Hunting Tactics; Settlement Patterns of the Prehistoric Population.
Series Title: Arctic Visions Series.

Abstract:

The evolving culture of indigenous communities in Siberia.

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