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Artificial intelligence : its scope and limits

Author: James H Fetzer
Publisher: Dordrecht ; Boston : Kluwer Academic Publishers, ©1990.
Series: Studies in cognitive systems, v. 4.
Edition/Format:   Book : EnglishView all editions and formats
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Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Fetzer, James H., 1940-
Artificial intelligence.
Dordrecht ; Boston : Kluwer Academic Publishers, c1990
(OCoLC)645004698
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: James H Fetzer
ISBN: 0792305051 9780792305057
OCLC Number: 21409906
Description: xvii, 338 p. : ill. ; 23 cm.
Contents: I: Metamentality.- 1. What is Artificial Intelligence?.- Criteria of Intelligence.- The Turing Test.- The Chinese Room.- The Korean Room.- Varieties of Intelligence.- Rationality.- Intentionality.- Humanity.- The Aim of this Inquiry.- Behaviorism.- Extensionality.- Reductionism.- 2. Symbol Systems and Semiotic Systems.- Peirce's Theory of Signs.- Abstract and Physical Systems.- Causal and Semiotic Systems.- The Varieties of Semiotic Systems.- Symbol and Causal Systems.- Symbol and Semiotic Systems.- The Symbol and Semiotic-System Hypotheses.- What about Humans and Machines?.- What Difference Does It Make?.- 3. Theories of Language and Mentality.- The Computational Conception.- The Parsing Criterion.- Ambiguity and Synonymy.- The Representational Conception.- The Language of Thought.- The Substitutional Criterion.- The Dispositional Conception.- A Theory of Cognition.- The Functional Role Criterion.- Fundamentally Different Systems.- II: Knowledge and Expertise.- 4. The Nature of Knowledge.- Conditions of Knowledge.- The Classic Definition.- Certainty vs. Fallibility.- A Refined Conception.- Language Frameworks.- Analytic Sentences.- A Priori Knowledge.- Modes of Modality.- The Condition of Truth.- Truth and Meaning.- Austin's Conventions.- Appropriate Beliefs.- 5. Varieties of Knowledge.- Ordinary Knowledge.- Common Sense.- Defeasible Reasoning.- Scientific Knowledge.- Laws of Nature.- Lawlike Sentences.- Maximal Specificity.- Epistemic Scorekeeping.- The Frame Problem.- 6. Expert Systems.- The General Conception.- The Choice of an Expert.- The Nature of Expertise.- Scientific Expertise.- Expert Production Systems.- Logical Structure.- Epistemic Contents.- Truth vs. Practicality.- Varieties of Expert Systems.- The Expert System.- The Knowledge-Processing System.- The Expert-Aided Knowledge-Processing System.- III: Representation and Verification.- 7. Knowledge Representation.- Semantic Networks.- Logical Structure.- Epistemic Contents.- Scripts and Frames.- Scripts as Sequences of Frames.- Scripts as Modes of Understanding.- Selecting a Representation Scheme.- Logical Structures.- Epistemic Contents.- Has the Role of Logic Been Misconceived?.- 8. Program Verification.- The Comparison with Mathematics.- Concepts of Verification.- Probable Verifications.- Two Kinds of Complexity.- Theorems, Algorithms, and Programs.- The Deeper Disanalogy.- Programs as Causal Models.- Abstract and Target Machines.- The Ambiguity of "Program Verification".- Programs as Applied Mathematics.- Testing Computer Programs.- Complexity and Reliability.- 9. Minds, Bodies, and Machines.- The Nature of Mind.- Human Cognition.- Machine Mentality.- Minds and Bodies.- Laws of Human Beings.- Laws of Digital Machines.- Other Minds.- Computers and Cognition.- The Cognitive Computer.- Why People Think Computers Can't.- References.- Numbered Definitions.- List of Figures.- Index of Names.- Index of Subjects.
Series Title: Studies in cognitive systems, v. 4.
Responsibility: James H. Fetzer.
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'The book ... has been produced with considerable care. ... this book provides a top class summary of the problems of Knowledge Representation ... the arguments used ... are careful and rigorous. It Read more...

 
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