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Artificial life models in hardware

Author: Andrew Adamatzky; Maciej Komosinski
Publisher: Dordrecht ; New York : Springer, ©2009.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:

Focusing on topics and areas based on non-traditional thinking, and new and emerging paradigms in bio-inspired robotics, this book examines the design and real-world implementation of artificial life  Read more...

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Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Andrew Adamatzky; Maciej Komosinski
ISBN: 9781848825291 1848825293 1848825307 9781848825307 1849968489 9781849968485
OCLC Number: 416294362
Description: xviii, 267 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
Contents: 1 The History and Future of Stiquito: A Hexapod Insectoid Robot / James M. Conrad, Jonathan W. Mills 1 --
1.1 Introduction 1 --
1.2 The Origins of Stiquito 1 --
1.3 Engineering a Commercial Stiquito 3 --
1.4 How the Stiquito Insect Walks 4 --
1.5 Microprocessor Control and Stiquito Controlled 7 --
1.6 The Extended Analog Computer as a Biologically Based Stiquito Controller 9 --
1.6.1 Description of the Extended Analog Computer (EAC) 9 --
1.6.2 The EAC as Neuromorphic Hybrid Device 10 --
1.6.3 A Proprioceptic Nervous System Model 11 --
1.6.4 EAC as an Analog Nervous System for Stiquito 11 --
1.7 The Sessile Stiquito Colony 13 --
1.7.1 The Failure of Indiana University's Hexapod Stiquito Colony 13 --
1.7.2 Moving Data, Sessile Robots, Robot Sex 15 --
1.7.3 The Evolution of the Colony 15 --
1.7.4 Extinction? 17 --
1.8 Educational Uses of Stiquito 17 --
1.9 The Future of Stiquito 18 --
References 19 --
2 Learning Legged Locomotion / Fumiya Iida, Simon Bovet 21 --
2.1 Introduction 21 --
2.2 Learning from Delayed Reward 22 --
2.2.1 One-legged Hopping Robot 22 --
2.2.2 Learning to Hop Over Rough Terrain 24 --
2.3 Learning from Implicit Reward 26 --
2.3.1 Four-legged Running Robot 27 --
2.3.2 Learning to Follow an Object 28 --
2.4 Conclusion 31 --
References 32 --
3 Salamandra Robotica: A Biologically Inspired Amphibious Robot that Swims and Walks / Alessandro Crespi, Auke Jan Ijspeert 35 --
3.1 Introduction 35 --
3.1.1 Robots as Tools for Biology 36 --
3.1.2 Related Work 37 --
3.1.3 Central Pattern Generator Model 38 --
3.2 Robot's Design 44 --
3.2.1 First Prototype 44 --
3.2.2 Body Elements 44 --
3.2.3 Limb Elements 46 --
3.2.4 Design Problems 47 --
3.3 Hardware 47 --
3.3.1 Body Elements 48 --
3.3.2 Limb Elements 52 --
3.3.3 Locomotion Controller Circuit 53 --
3.4 Experiments 54 --
3.4.1 Speed as Function of Drive 54 --
3.4.2 Kinematic Measurements 55 --
3.5 Future Work 60 --
3.6 Conclusion 61 --
3.6.1 Realization of an Amphibious Salamander Robot 61 --
3.6.2 Central Pattern Generators in Robots 62 --
3.6.3 Contributions to Biology 62 --
References 63 --
4 Multilocomotion Robot: Novel Concept, Mechanism, and Control of Bio-inspired Robot / Toshio Fukuda, Tadayoshi Aoyama, Yasuhisa Hasegawa, Kosuke Sekiyama 65 --
4.1 Introduction 65 --
4.2 Multilocomotion Robot 66 --
4.2.1 Diversity of Locomotion in Animals 66 --
4.2.2 Multilocomotion Robot 68 --
4.3 Gorilla Robot 71 --
4.3.1 Gorilla Robot I 72 --
4.3.2 Gorilla Robot II 73 --
4.3.3 Gorilla Robot III 74 --
4.4 Evaluation of the Gorilla Robot on Slopes as Quadruped Hardware 75 --
4.4.1 Evaluation of Joint Torque in Quadruped Walk on a Slope 75 --
4.4.2 Simulation Analysis 78 --
4.4.3 Experiment 81 --
4.4.4 Discussion 82 --
4.5 Previous Works Using the Gorilla Robot 82 --
4.6 Summary 84 --
References 85 --
5 Self-regulatory Hardware: Evolutionary Design for Mechanical Passivity on a Pseudo Passive Dynamic Walker / Hiroshi Yokoi, Kojiro Matsushita 87 --
5.1 Introduction 87 --
5.2 Background 88 --
5.3 Evolutionary Design System of Legged Robots 89 --
5.3.1 Three-dimensional Physics World 89 --
5.3.2 Coupled Evolution Part 90 --
5.3.3 Evaluation Methods 91 --
5.4 Evolutionary Design of Biped Robots 92 --
5.4.1 Morphological and Control Configuration for Biped Robots 92 --
5.4.2 Results of First Evolutionary Design 93 --
5.4.3 Additional Setup Condition for the Second Evolutionary Design 96 --
5.4.4 Results of the Second Evolutionary Design 97 --
5.4.5 Development of a Novel Pseudo Passive Dynamic Walker 100 --
5.5 Conclusion 101 --
References 102 --
6 Perception for Action in Roving Robots: A Dynamical System Approach / Paolo Arena, Sebastiano De Fiore, Luca Patane 103 --
6.1 Introduction 103 --
6.2 Control Architecture 105 --
6.2.1 Perceptual System 106 --
6.2.2 Action Selection Layer 110 --
6.3 Hardware Devices 113 --
6.3.1 Spark Main Board 114 --
6.3.2 Rover II 115 --
6.4 Hardware Implementation 117 --
6.5 Experiments 122 --
6.5.1 Experimental Setup 123 --
6.5.2 Experimental Results 124 --
6.6 Summary and Remarks 129 --
6.7 Conclusion 130 --
References 130 --
7 Nature-inspired Single-electron Computers / Tetsuya Asai, Takahide Oya 133 --
7.1 Introduction 133 --
7.2 A Single-electron Reaction-diffusion Device for Computation of a Voronoi Diagram 134 --
7.3 Neuronal Synchrony Detection on Single-electron Neural Networks 140 --
7.4 Stochastic Resonance Among Single-Electron Neurons on Schottky Wrap-Gate Devices 150 --
7.5 Single-electron Circuits Performing Dendritic Pattern Formation with Nature-inspired Cellular Automata 151 --
7.6 Summary and Future Works 155 --
References 157 --
8 Tribolon: Water-Based Self-Assembly Robots / Shuhei Miyashita, Max Lungarella, Rolf Pfeifer 161 --
8.1 Introduction 161 --
8.2 Self-Assembly Robots 162 --
8.2.1 The "ABC Problem" 164 --
8.3 Tribolon: Water-Based Self-Assembly Robots 164 --
8.3.1 Passive Tile Model 165 --
8.3.2 Self-propelled Model: Tiles with Vibration Motors 167 --
8.3.3 Connectable Model: with Peltier Connector 175 --
8.3.4 Scale-Free Self-Assembly: Size Matters 180 --
8.4 Speculations About Life 181 --
References 182 --
9 Artificial Symbiosis in EcoBots / Ioannis A. Ieropoulos, John Greenman, Chris Melhuish, Ian Horsfield 185 --
9.1 Introduction 185 --
9.1.1 Artificial Symbiosis 187 --
9.1.2 Microbial Fuel Cells 188 --
9.2 Materials and Methods 190 --
9.2.1 MFC Setup for Robot Runs 190 --
9.2.2 Robot Design and Principle of Operation 191 --
9.2.3 Experimental Setup 196 --
9.3 Results 198 --
9.3.1 EcoBot-I 198 --
9.3.2 EcoBot-II 201 --
9.4 Discussion 205 --
9.5 Conclusions 209 --
References 210 --
10 The Phi-Bot: A Robot Controlled by a Slime Mould / Soichiro Tsuda, Stefan Artmann, Klaus-Peter Zauner 213 --
10.1 Introduction 213 --
10.2 Physarum Polycephalum as Information Processor 214 --
10.3 Cellular Robot Control 215 --
10.3.1 The First Generation of the & Phi;-bot: Tethered Robot Design 215 --
10.3.2 The Second Generation of the & Phi;-bot: On-Board Cellular Controller 219 --
10.4 Computation, Control, and Coordination in the & Phi;-Bot: Material for a Theory of Bounded Computability 223 --
10.4.1 Computation and the Syntactic Efficiency and Reliability of Computational Media 225 --
10.4.2 Control and the Semantic Generality of Computational Media 226 --
10.4.3 Coordination and the Pragmatic Versatility of Computational Media 227 --
10.5 Conclusion 230 --
References 231 --
11 Reaction-Diffusion Controllers for Robots / Andrew Adamatzky, Benjamin De Lacy Costello, Hiroshi Yokoi 233 --
11.1 Introduction 233 --
11.2 BZ Medium 236 --
11.3 Robot Taxis 236 --
11.4 Open-Loop Parallel Actuators 242 --
11.5 Closed-Loop Control of Robotic Hand 251 --
11.6 Physarum Robots 255 --
11.7 Conclusion 260 --
References 263.
Responsibility: Andrew Adamatzky, Maciej Komosinski, editors.

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From the reviews:"This book presents various contributions to the construction of life-like artifacts that globally show adaptation and evolution, as in the artificial life paradigm. ... The book is Read more...

 
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