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|Named Person:||Bernard Shaw; Alphonse Daudet; Bernard Shaw; Clyde Fitch|
|Material Type:||Thesis/dissertation, Manuscript|
|Document Type:||Book, Archival Material|
|All Authors / Contributors:||
Randy B Kapelke
|Notes:||Submitted to the Dept. of Drama.|
|Description:||viii, 373 leaves : ill. ; 29 cm.|
|Responsibility:||by Randy B. Kapelke.|
The authorities failed for five reasons. First, crusades against the plays did not originate from genuine public outrage but from performers eager for free publicity and from disingenuous editors, often from "yellow" newspapers, hoping to profit from coverage of theatre-related scandal.
Secondly, authorities, usually from Tammany Hall, had reputations for corruption and ignorance that rendered them unfit as censors. They failed to prove that they were morally capable of judging theatre, a respected art.
Thirdly, the productions' prestigious elements (their playwrights, audiences, theatres, place in theatre history and others) significantly benefited the defenses' side. Sophisticated New Yorkers, including play jury members, were hardly shocked by suggestive plays, and were loathe to punish theatres with rich traditions or endanger their contribution to dramatic art. This analysis draws from sociologist Pierre Bourdieu's theories.
Fourthly, the performers' status in society, as professionals and as charismatic leaders (according to Max Weber's notion), gave their sides an advantage in public opinion. Actor's Equity battled censorship.
Finally, play defenders argued that the productions taught morality more effectively than could moralists, who were often ridiculed and had become culturally marginalized.
Too often, scholars merely examine censorship's agents and mechanisms. This dissertation calls for further efforts to understand the complexities associated with the fight against censorship.
- Theater -- Censorship -- New York (State) -- New York.
- Daudet, Alphonse, -- 1840-1897. -- Sapho.
- Shaw, Bernard, -- 1856-1950. -- Mrs. Warren's profession.
- Fitch, Clyde, -- 1865-1909. -- Sapho.
- Daudet, Alphonse, -- 1840-1897 -- Censorship.
- Shaw, Bernard, -- 1856-1950 -- Censorship.
- Fitch, Clyde, -- 1865-1909 -- Censorship.