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Attachment structures and adhesive secretions in arachnids

Author: Jonas O Wolff; Stanislav Gorb
Publisher: Cham, Switzerland : Springer, 2016.
Series: Biologically-inspired systems, 7.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
This book surveys attachment structures and adhesive secretions occurring in this class of animals and discusses the relationships between structure, properties, and function in the context of evolutionary trends, and biomimetic potential. Topics comprise mechanical attachment devices, such as clamps, claws, hooks, spines and wraps, as well as hairy and smooth adhesive pads, nano-fibrils, suction cups, and viscid  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Printed edition:
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Jonas O Wolff; Stanislav Gorb
ISBN: 9783319457130 3319457136 3319457128 9783319457123
OCLC Number: 966287987
Description: 1 online resource.
Contents: Preface; Contents; Chapter 1: Overview; 1.1 Introduction; 1.2 The Arachnid Orders; 1.2.1 Spiders (Araneae); 1.2.2 Scorpions (Scorpiones); 1.2.3 Harvestmen (Opiliones); 1.2.4 Whip-Spiders (Amblypygi); 1.2.5 Whip-Scorpions (Uropygi); 1.2.6 Camel Spiders (Solifugae); 1.2.7 Pseudoscorpions (Pseudoscorpiones); 1.2.8 Mites and€Ticks (Acari); 1.2.9 Hooded Tickspiders (Ricinulei); 1.2.10 Micro-Whipscorpions (Palpigradi); 1.3 Material and€Methods; 1.3.1 Literature Survey and€Material Origin; 1.3.2 Light Microscopy; 1.3.3 Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM); 1.3.4 High Speed Videography (HSV). 1.3.5 Pull-off Force Measurements1.4 Terminology; 1.5 Distribution of€Attachment Principles Among Arachnids; 1.5.1 Spiders; 1.5.2 Harvestmen; 1.5.3 Mites and€Ticks; References; Chapter 2: Mechanical Attachment Devices; 2.1 Claws; 2.2 Spines and€Pointed Hairs; 2.2.1 Spines; 2.2.2 Microtrichious Setae; 2.3 Other Interlocking Devices; 2.3.1 Hooks and€Platelets; 2.3.2 Mechanical Mating Plugs in€Spiders; 2.3.3 Interlocking of€Silk Threads; 2.4 Pincers and€Clamps; 2.4.1 Chelicerae; 2.4.2 Chelae; 2.4.3 Clamping Legs; 2.4.4 Raptorial Legs; 2.4.5 Cucullus; 2.5 Expansion Anchors; 2.6 Lock-and-Key. 2.7 Wrapping2.7.1 Silk Wrapping; 2.7.2 The Prehensile Feet of€Harvestmen; References; Chapter 3: Tape- and€Spatula-Shaped Microstructures; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Spatulate Setae; 3.3 Spatulate Microtrichia; 3.3.1 Tenent Setae of€Spiders; 3.3.2 Tenent Microtrichia of€Trombidiform Mites; 3.4 Spatulate Surface Structures; 3.5 Micro-tapes; References; Chapter 4: Nano-fibres; 4.1 Cribellate and Aciniform Silk; 4.1.1 Cribellar Capture Thread; 4.1.2 Bridging Threads and€Wrapping Silk; 4.2 Particle Catching Setae; 4.3 Fibrillar Locomotory Pads Lacking Spatula; References. Chapter 5: Mushroom-Shaped Microstructures5.1 Introduction; 5.2 Cuticular Mushroom-Shaped Microstructures; 5.3 Mushroom-Shaped Secretion Products; 5.3.1 Anal Stalks of€Tortoise Mites (Uropodina); 5.3.2 Spermatophores; 5.3.3 Spider Silk Anchors; References; Chapter 6: Suction Cups; 6.1 Introduction; 6.2 Adanal Suckers in€Mites; 6.3 Sucker-Like Mouthparts; References; Chapter 7: Soft Adhesive Pads; 7.1 Introduction; 7.2 Cushion-Like Arolium; 7.2.1 Prenymphal Arolium in€Scorpions; 7.2.2 Nymphal Arolium in€Harvestmen (Opiliones: Laniatores); 7.2.3 Camel Spiders; 7.2.4 Mites and€Ticks. 7.2.5 Spiders7.3 Disc-Like Arolium; 7.4 Transverse Lip Arolium; 7.4.1 Whip-Spiders; 7.4.2 Pseudoscorpions; 7.4.3 Anystid Mites; 7.5 Other Smooth Adhesive Pads; References; Chapter 8: Adhesive Secretions; 8.1 Introduction; 8.2 Viscid Glue; 8.2.1 Viscid Silk; 8.2.2 Ejection of€Viscid Glue onto Prey; 8.2.3 Viscid Prey Capture Glue in€Harvestmen; 8.2.4 Glandular Setae in€Mites; 8.2.5 Egg Casings and€Brood Sacs; 8.3 Solidifying Glue; 8.3.1 Silk with€a€Solidifying Glue Coat; 8.3.2 Egg Cases; 8.3.3 Amorphous Mating Plugs; 8.3.4 Soil Crypsis; 8.3.5 Cementing of€Mouthparts in€Ticks and€Mites.
Series Title: Biologically-inspired systems, 7.
Responsibility: Jonas O. Wolff, Stanislav N. Gorb.

Abstract:

This book surveys attachment structures and adhesive secretions occurring in this class of animals and discusses the relationships between structure, properties, and function in the context of  Read more...

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