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|Named Person:||August Meier; Elliott M Rudwick; Bayard Rustin; Preston T King|
|Document Type:||Archival Material|
|All Authors / Contributors:||
|Notes:||Printed material transferred to General Research and Reference Division.
Manuscript transferred to Literary and Scholarly Manuscripts Collection in the Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
The Personal Papers series consists of biographical material, and information about Pioneer Youth Camp, a racially integrated, progressive camp that he attended for several summers, including a history Meier wrote during his teens about the camp and a manuscript concerning his experiences with the camp. The personal correspondence between Meier and his parents and brother as well as with friends provide detailed accounts of Meier's activities and the development of his thinking process while at Oberlin College.
Correspondence written while a graduate student at Columbia University includes discussions of his opinions about black related issues and his research for his dissertation. The Education subseries encompasses his undergraduate files from Oberlin College including reports regarding a student effort to desegregate barber shops on campus. There is also a copy of his Master's thesis entitled, "The Emergence of Negro Nationalism: a Study of Ideologies from the American Revolution to the First World War" (1948). The manuscript and numerous versions of his Ph. D. dissertation, "Negro Racial Thought in the Age of Booker T. Washington, ca. 1880-1915" forms part of this series.
The Organizational Memberships - National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Newark Branch series, 1948-1958, reflects Meier's role as secretary in the 1950s and includes a resolution on Jim Crow in the armed forces, minutes of meetings and resolutions.
The Teaching Career series, 1932-1995, spans Meier's long career as a history professor at six colleges. Of significance is correspondence with Preston King, Meier's graduate student and research assistant, discussing their common interests regarding black intellectual thought and other issues. Meier's position as Charles S. Johnson's research assistant is documented by notes, correspondence and a course outline. Also of interest are Meier's Kent State University graduate student files, which are restricted.
The subseries Correspondence: Colleagues, 1973-1994 consists of Meier's correspondence regarding his publications and those his colleagues authored, conferences he organized and attended, reviews of articles and manuscripts, and letters of recommendation. Among Meier's many correspondents are John H. Bracey, Eugene D. Genovese, Herbert G. Gutman, Robert A. Hill, Darlene Clark Hine, Preston King, Kenneth Kusmer, David Levering Lewis, James McPherson, William and Jane Pease, Wilson Record and Sterling Stuckey. The subseries Correspondence: Publishers, 1963-1998, contains Meier's correspondence with his numerous publishers concerning books, journal articles and book reviews.
The series Editor/Scholarly Publications, 1967-1976, incorporates four subseries including "Atheneum Negro in American Life Series," which documents Atheneum's efforts to reprint books in the field of black studies in paperback format, and original studies on historical and contemporary topics in African-American life after 1968. The University of Illinois Press, "Blacks in the New World" 1967-1998 subseries documents Meier's role as editor of approximately sixty out of sixty-two books published by this press. The subseries has been divided into two units - Books Published and Manuscripts Not Published. The latter includes files for proposals that were rejected at the outset as being outside the scope of the series or for other reasons. The subseries includes correspondence between Meier, editor and associate director of the press, Richard L. Wentworth, and John H. Bracey, co-editor commencing in 1991, and the authors. The subseries University Publications of America "Black Studies Research Sources" deals with the selection of archival collections from archival and manuscript repositories for micropublication.
The series Professional Activities, 1945-1998, covers Meier's career excluding his teaching and editorship positions. The series includes his published articles as well as conference papers, speeches and lectures he presented, 1944-1995.
The Professional Affiliations subseries, 1952-1998, reflects Meier's active participation in several national historical associations, namely the American Historical Association, Organization of American Historians, and the Southern Historical Association. The Grants and Scholarships subseries, 1951-1990, includes proposals for research, correspondence and progress reports for organizations which supported Meier's research. The subseries National Endowment for the Humanities, 1972-1991, documents Meier's relationship with this funding agency as an evaluator of grant applications. Other NEH files concern two seminars Meier taught for college teachers entitled "Black Protest Movement in Twentieth Century America" funded by the Endowment.
The Civil Rights Movement Research Files, 1940-1995 includes an Interviews subseries, 1961-1985, consisting of notes and summaries for about two hundred interviews Meier and Elliot Rudwick conducted with individuals about their roles in the civil rights movement, many of whom were active in the Congress for Racial Equality (CORE) and the NAACP. The Bayard Rustin subseries, 1942-1979, includes Meier's interviews and notes concerning Rustin's role in CORE and non-violent protest, and his participation in the planning of the 1943 and 1963 March on Washington movements. The subseries States, 1943-1998, contains notes, interviews, correspondence and printed material documenting the civil rights struggles in various cities and states. The greatest amount of material represents Illinois, Maryland (especially Meier's participation in student led protests in Baltimore), Mississippi (significantly the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party and the Delta Ministry) and Danville and Lynchburg in Virginia.
Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee material, 1960-1969, consists of notes from interviews Meier conducted with former members about their roles with SNCC, as well as SNCC activities in several states including the Freedom Schools in Mississippi. The General Civil Rights Movement Printed Material subseries (1960-1965 bulk) serves as a resource file on various civil rights organizations and subjects, such as education, student activism and sit-ins, Northern Student Movement Coordinating Committee, Students for a Democratic Society, and voter registration.
The Research Files for Publication series encompasses notes, drafts, reference material, printed material, correspondence and data for sixteen of Meier's books and articles. They are "A Study of the Racial Ancestry of the Mississippi College Negro," "The Emergence of Negro Nationalists (a Study in Ideology)," "From Conservative to Radical: the Ideological Development of W.E.B. DuBois," "History of the Negro Upper Class in Atlanta, Georgia, 1890-1958," "Negro Thought in America, 1880-1915," and "Congress of Racial Equality: a Study in the Civil Rights Movement, 1942-1968," "Along the Color Line: Explorations in the Black Experience," "Black Detroit and the Rise of the UAW, 1976-1981," "Communist Unions and the Black Community: the Case of the Transport Workers Union, 1934-1944," "Black History and the Historical Profession" (including the notes for approximately 175 interviews with historians, and "Black Leaders of the Nineteenth Century." Similar research files exist for projects that did not result in publications, including a study of the "Negro Upper Class" in cities other than Atlanta.
The final series are papers pertaining to Elliott Rudwick and his research interests in black studies, black Detroit and other topics.
- Meier, August, -- 1923-2003.
- Rudwick, Elliott M.
- Rustin, Bayard, -- 1910-1987.
- King, Preston T., -- 1936-
- University of Illinois (System). -- Press.
- Atheneum (New York, N.Y.)
- University Publications of America (Firm)
- Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (U.S.)
- National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. -- Newark Branch.
- Congress of Racial Equality.
- Pioneer Youth Camp (Kingston, N.Y.)
- African American historians.
- Historians -- United States.
- African Americans -- Mississippi.
- African Americans -- Maryland.
- African Americans -- Civil rights.
- African Americans -- Civil rights -- Southern States.
- African Americans -- Suffrage.
- African Americans -- Education.
- African Americans -- History -- 1877-1964.
- African Americans -- History -- 1964-
- African Americans -- Study and teaching.
- African American college teachers.