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Avoiding the Dire Straits : an inquiry into Food Provisions and Scurvy in Maritime and Military History of China and wider East Asia.

Author: Mathieu Torck
Publisher: Wiesbaden : Harrassowitz Verlag, 2014.
Series: East Asian economic and socio-cultural studies., East Asian maritime history.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
Scurvy is known to be one of the most gruesome pathological phenomena that, in the course of centuries, has made innumerable victims. Long distance seafaring operations, war zones, prisons and crop failures all created breeding grounds for the vitamin C defi ciency disease, which was commonly characterized by swelling and bleeding gums and internal haemorraghes in the limbs. While the history of scurvy is rather  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Torck, Mathieu.
Avoiding the Dire Straits : An inquiry into Food Provisions and Scurvy in Maritime and Military History of China and wider East Asia.
Wiesbaden : Harrassowitz Verlag, ©2014
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Mathieu Torck
ISBN: 9783447191883 3447191880
OCLC Number: 881611958
Description: 1 online resource (289 pages).
Contents: Table of contentsPrologue: building up towards an interdisciplinary project; Prologue: building up towards an interdisciplinary project; Introduction: hypothesis, methodology, survey; CHAPTER I; The issue of scurvy in Western history; 1.1. Origins and records: land scurvy; 1.2. The scourge of sea voyages; 1.3. The physicians' approach; 1.4. Backgrounds to the long road: sailors, surgeons, supplies and causes; 1.5. Looking across cultural horizons: the non-Western experience; 1.6. The triggering factor: haptoglobin polymorphism and vitamin C; CHAPTER II; Remarkable medical writings. 2.1. Qingtui yagan: scurvy seen through Chinese eyes2.1.1. Preliminary bibliographical enquiries; 2.1.2. Textual origin and genealogy; 2.1.3. Scurvy in the qingtui yagan chapter of the Yizong jinjian; 2.1.3.1. Introduction: diagnosis; 2.1.3.2. Historical background and causes; 2.1.3.3. Treatments: survey; 2.1.3.4. Horse milk and horse brain; 2.1.3.5. Tonics; 2.1.3.6. Bloodletting; 2.1.3.7. Ointment; 2.1.3.8. Additional cures; 2.1.3.9. Incurable cases; 2.1.4. Evaluation; 2.1.5. Qingtui yagan in later works and commentaries; 2.2. Supplying in the army; CHAPTER III. Of junks and compasses: opening the curtain on the food suppliesof pre-modern Chinese seamen3.1. A quest for data; 3.2. Geographical environment; 3.3. The origins of Chinese seafaring activities; 3.4. Maritime exploits in the Spring and Autumn and Warring States periods; 3.5. Heightened maritime activity during Qin and Han dynasties; 3.6. Sea travellers and their accounts; 3.7. "Floating gardens": images of a forgotten technique; 3.8. The Quanzhou shipwreck; 3.9. The Mongols at sea; 3.10. Zheng He's long distance voyages; 3.11. Korean castaways; 3.12. From Ming to Qing. 3.13. Trading junks, pirates and Western witnesses in the Eastern Seas3.14. The case of the Japanese drifters: the ultimate evidence; 3.15. Touching new horizons: Chinese emigration to the Americas; 3.16. Fujian: overseas seasonal labour and the vegetable experience; CHAPTER IV; Fresh water on a salty sea; 4.1. A life-saving necessity; 4.2. Tea: the "magical" potion; CHAPTER V; Introduction of Western knowledge into China: theory versus practice; 5.1. The infusion of Western medical knowledge. 5.2. An outbreak of scurvy in twentieth century China Outbreakof scurvy in twentieth century ChinaCHAPTER VI; Quantifying the pre-modern Chinese sailor's diet: a reconstructive attempt; Conclusions and epilogue; Bibliography; Index.
Series Title: East Asian economic and socio-cultural studies., East Asian maritime history.

Abstract:

Scurvy is known to be one of the most gruesome pathological phenomena that, in the course of centuries, has made innumerable victims. Long distance seafaring operations, war zones, prisons and crop failures all created breeding grounds for the vitamin C defi ciency disease, which was commonly characterized by swelling and bleeding gums and internal haemorraghes in the limbs. While the history of scurvy is rather well-known from a Western perspective, the higher proneness to scurvy of Asian peoples in comparison to Europeans, Polynesians and other peoples, as proven in recent biochemical studie.

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