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Back to the earth : an introduction to archaeology

Author: John P Staeck
Publisher: Mountain View, Calif. : Mayfield Pub. Co., 2002.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:

This is a brief overview of archaeology that provides a ready understanding of the basic concepts and core issues in contemporary archaeological theory, methods of excavation and analysis and  Read more...

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Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: John P Staeck
ISBN: 0767411080 9780767411080 007115003X 9780071150033
OCLC Number: 45466119
Description: xvii, 371 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 23 cm
Contents: 1. Introducing the past --
What archaeology is --
Archaeology, anthropology, and culture --
Archaeology and history --
Archaeology and classical studies --
Archaeology and geography --
Archaeology and the natural sciences --
Everything else and the kitchen sink, too --
The goals of archaeology --
Goal one : discovering the past --
Goal two : reconstructing culture history --
Goal three : explaining culture process and interpreting past cultures --
Goal four : cultural resource management --
Goal five : education --
What archaeology is not --
Summary --
For further information --
2. Order in the record : material, space, and time in archaeology --
Material : the first frontier --
Artifacts --
Features --
Ecofacts --
What is lost --
Space : the second frontier --
Early assumptions --
Modern approaches --
Time : the third frontier --
Time, space, and material culture intertwined --
The three-age approach --
Systems of nomenclature --
How we approach the past --
Summary --
For further information --
3. Interpreting the past --
-isms and -ists --
Processual archaeology --
Postprocessualism and critiques of the new archaeology --
Making it work in the real world --
Culture history --
Behavioral archaeology --
Archaeology as human ecology --
Exchange systems and archaeological theory --
Cultural evolution --
Archaeology as natural selection --
Contextual archaeology --
Cognitive archaeology --
Marxist archaeology --
Feminist and gender archaeology --
Summary --
For further information --
Original essay : the Gottschall site --
4. Finding the past --
Reconnaissance preceding fieldwork --
Literature search --
Remote sensing --
Ground-proofing methods --
Pedestrian survey --
Subsurface survey --
Putting it together --
Sampling basics --
Summary --
For further information. 5. Excavating the past --
The decision to excavate --
Statistical sampling --
Methodological standards --
Digging into the past --
Vertical approaches --
Horizontal approaches --
Levels, layers, and preserving context --
Special recovery techniques --
Archaeological dating --
Relative dating --
Chronometric dating --
Summary --
For further information --
Original essay : the Sindh Archaeological Project : fieldwork at the edge --
6. Stone in the archaeological record --
The processes of flintknapping --
What is stone --
The anatomy of a flake --
Hammering away --
Punching away --
Ground stone tool technology --
Summary --
For further information --
7. Pottery in the archaeological record --
Why archaeologists study ceramics --
Materials and manufacture --
Materials --
Methods of construction --
Surface treatments and decorations --
Firing --
How archaeologists study ceramics --
Technological studies --
Ethnoarchaeological studies --
Stylistic studies --
Summary --
For further information --
8. Metals and glass in the archaeological record --
Metals --
Copper, an ancient medium --
Bronze and brass --
Iron and steel in the ancient world --
Iron and steel in the historic era --
Functional categories : the case of munitions --
Glass --
The making of glass --
Decorations --
Summary --
For further information --
9. Organic materials in the archaeological record --
Plants --
Macrobotanical remains --
Microbotanical remains --
Animals --
Nonhuman bone --
Human remains --
Putting it all together : environmental reconstruction --
Summary --
For further information --
Original essay : pursuing the past with middle range theory --
10. The preservation of the archaeological record --
Cultural resource management --
Laws and archaeology --
Looting and archaeology --
Summary --
For further information --
Glossary.
Responsibility: John P. Staeck.
More information:

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