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|Additional Physical Format:||Print version:
Basic Principles of External Skeletal Fixation Using the Ilizarov and Other Devices.
Dordrecht : Springer, ©2012
|Material Type:||Document, Internet resource|
|Document Type:||Internet Resource, Computer File|
|All Authors / Contributors:||
|Notes:||7.5 Identification of the Type and Size of the External Supports Corresponding to the Selected Transosseous Elements and Their Insertion Levels While Allowing for Module Transformation.|
|Description:||1 online resource (1596 pages)|
|Contents:||The Basic Principles of External Skeletal Fixation Using the Ilizarovand Other Devices; Copyright Page; Dedication; Foreword; Dear Colleagues!; Contents; Contributors; Introduction; Part I: General Aspects of External Fixation; 1: General and Special Aspects of External Fixation; 1.1 Historical Background and Classification; 1.2 Advantages and Disadvantages, Indications and Contraindications; 1.3 Equipment; 1.4 General Terms of External Fixation Constructs; 2: Biomechanical Principles; 2.1 Relationship Between the Transosseous Elements and the Surrounding Tissues. 2.2 Control of Bone Fragment Position2.2.1 Moving the External Supports with the Transosseous Modules Fixing the Bone Fragments; 2.2.2 Moving the Transosseous Elements Relative to the External Supports; External Supports and Modules Remain Immobile; 2.3 Control of Bone Fragment Rigidity; 2.3.1 Number of Transosseous Elements; 2.3.2 Diameter and Type of Transosseous Elements; 2.3.3 Wire Tension; 2.3.4 Levels of Transosseous Element Insertion; 2.3.5 Plane of Orientation of the Transosseous Elements; 2.3.6 Distance from the Bone to the External Support; 2.3.7 External Support Geometry. 2.3.8 Number of Connecting Rods3: Internal Contradictions of External Fixation. Combined External Fixation; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Method of the Unified Designation of External Fixation (MUDEF); 3.3 Reference Positions; 3.4 Use of Different Types of Transosseous Elements and External Support; 3.5 Module Transformation; 3.6 Minimum Number of External Supports and Transosseous Elements; 3.7 Computer Navigation; 3.8 Converting to Internal Fixation; 4: Method of Unified Designation of External Fixation (MUDEF); 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Symbols Used; 4.3 Coordinates; 4.3.1 Levels; 4.3.2 Positions. 4.4 Designation of Transosseous Elements4.4.1 Designation of K-wires; 4.4.2 Designation of Half-Pins; 4.5 Designation of the External Support Frame; 4.6 Designation of the Entire Device; 4.7 Additional Data; 5: Atlas for the Insertion of Transosseous Element Reference Positions; 5.1 Upper Arm; 5.2 Ulna; 5.2.1 Ulna, Mid-Position; 5.2.2 Ulna, Supination; 5.2.3 Ulna, Pronation; 5.3 Radius; 5.3.1 Radius, Mid-Position; 5.3.2 Radius, Supination; 5.3.3 Radius, Pronation; 5.4 Femur; 5.5 Tibia; 5.6 Foot; 5.6.1 Cross-Sectional Cuts; 5.6.2 Oblique Cuts; 5.7 Pelvis; 6: Preoperative Preparation. 6.1 Introduction6.2 X-Ray Examination; 6.2.1 Fractures; 6.2.2 Deformities; 6.2.3 Imaging of the Lower Limbs; 6.2.4 X-Ray Examination of the Upper Limbs; 7: Principles of Frame Construction; 7.1 Identification of the Objectives; 7.2 Identification of the Optimal Levels for the Insertion of Transosseous Elements; 7.3 Identification of the Optimal Transosseous Elements on the Basis of Safe Positions and Reference Positions; 7.4 Identification of the Optimal Levels for Positioning the External Supports.|