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The basics of bioethics

Author: Robert M Veatch
Publisher: Upper Saddle River, N.J. : Prentice Hall, ©2003.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : 2nd edView all editions and formats
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An introductory textbook for short courses in schools of medicine, nursing, and other health professions; continuing education; undergraduate courses in philosophy, religion and the social sciences;  Read more...

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Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Veatch, Robert M.
Basics of bioethics.
Upper Saddle River, N.J. : Prentice Hall, ©2003
(OCoLC)605424617
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Robert M Veatch
ISBN: 0130991619 9780130991614
OCLC Number: 49699433
Description: xvii, 205 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
Contents: 1. A map of the terrain of ethics --
The levels of moral discourse --
The level of the case --
Rules and rights (codes of ethics) --
Normative ethics --
Metaethics --
A full theory of bioethics --
Key concepts --
Bibliography --
Works on basic ethics --
Works on biomedical ethics --
2. The Hippocratic oath and its challengers : a brief history --
The Hippocratic tradition --
The Hippocratic oath --
Modern codes in the Hippocratic tradition --
The collapse of the Hippocratic tradition --
Codes and oaths breaking with the Hippocratic tradition --
Sources from outside professional medicine --
Key concepts --
Endnotes for chapter 2 --
Bibliography --
3. Defining death, abortion, and animal welfare : the basis of moral standing --
Persons, humans, and individuals : the language of moral standing --
The concept of moral standing --
Moral and nonmoral uses of the term person --
Moral and nonmoral uses of the word human --
Defining death --
A cardiac definition of death --
A whole-brain-oriented definition of death --
The higher-brain definition of death --
Definitions and moral standing --
Abortion --
Symmetry between definition of death and abortion --
Possible basis for a breakdown in the symmetry --
The moral status of non-human animals --
Key concepts --
Endnotes for chapter 3 --
Bibliography --
The definition of death --
Abortion --
Moral standing of non-human animals --
4. Problems in benefiting and avoiding harm to the patient --
What counts as a benefit? --
Subjective vs. objective estimates of benefit and harm --
Medical vs. other personal benefits --
Conflicting goals within the medical sphere --
Ways to balance benefits and harms --
Bentham and arithmetic summing --
Comparing the ration of benefits to harms --
First of all, do no harm --
The problem of medical paternalism --
Key concepts --
Endnotes for chapter 4 --
Bibliography --
5. The ethics of respect for persons : lying, cheating, and breaking promises and why --
Physicians have considered them ethical --
The principle of fidelity --
The ethics of confidentiality --
The principle of autonomy and the doctrine of informed consent --
The concept of autonomy --
Positive and negative rights --
Informed consent, autonomy, and therapeutic privilege --
Standards of disclosure for consent to be adequately informed --
The principle of veracity : lying and the duty to tell the truth --
The change in physician attitudes --
Accounting for the change in attitudes --
Key concepts --
Endnotes for chapter 5 --
Bibliography. 6. The principle of avoiding killing --
Active killing vs. allowing to die --
Distinguishing active killing from allowing to die --
New legal initiatives for physician-assisted suicide --
Stopping vs. not starting --
The distinction between direct and indirect killing --
The distinction between ordinary and extraordinary means --
The meaning of the terms --
The criteria for classifying treatments morally expendable --
The subjectivity of all benefit and harm assessments --
Withholding food, fluids, CPR, and medications --
Key concepts --
Endnotes for chapter 6 --
Bibliography --
7. Death and dying : the incompetent patient --
Formerly competent patients --
The principle of autonomy extended --
Substituted judgment --
Going beyond advance directives --
Mechanisms for expressing wishes --
Issues to be addressed in an advance directive --
Never-competent patients without family or other pre-existing surrogates --
The principles --
The legal standard --
Who should be the surrogate? --
Never-competent patients with family surrogates --
What is the standard underlying this family discretion? --
Key concepts --
Endnotes --
Bibliography --
8. Social ethics of medicine : allocation of resources, transplantation, and human subjects research --
The need for a social ethic for medicine --
The limits of the ethics of individual relations --
The social ethical principles for medical ethics --
Allocation of health care resources --
The demand for health care services --
The inevitability of rationing --
Ethical responses to the pressures for cost containment --
The role of the clinician in allocation decisions --
Organ transplantation --
Is performing transplants "playing God"? --
Procurement of organs --
Organ allocation --
Research involving human subjects --
Distinguishing research and innovative therapy --
Social ethics for research involving human subjects --
Key concepts --
Endnotes for chapter 8 --
Bibliography --
Social ethical theory --
Allocation of scarce medical resources --
Organ transplantation --
Research involving human subjects --
9. Human control of life : genetics, birth technologies and modifying human nature --
The human as created and as creator --
Medical manipulation as playing God --
Having dominion over the earth --
Genetics and the control of human reproduction --
Genetics --
New reproductive technologies --
Key concepts --
Endnotes for chapter 9 --
Bibliography --
10. Resolving conflicts among principles --
Different concepts of duty --
Absolute, exceptionless duties --
Prima facie duties --
Duty proper --
Theories of conflict resolution --
Single principle theories --
Ranking (lexically ordering) principles --
Balancing --
Combining ranking and balancing --
Ways of reconciling social utility and justice --
Translating principles to rules --
Conclusion --
Key concepts --
Endnotes --
Bibliography --
11. The virtues in bioethics --
Virtue lists --
Professional virtues --
Secular virtues --
Religious virtues --
Care as a virtue --
Problems with the virtues --
The wrong virtue problem --
The naked virtue problem --
Conclusion --
Key concepts --
Bibliography --
Appendix --
Hippocratic oath --
Principles of medical ethics (2001) of the American Medical Association.
Responsibility: Robert M. Veatch.

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"As a leader and pioneer in the field, Veatch is very solid in terms of accuracy." - Kyle Fedler, Ashland University"I've used the Veatch book in teaching bioethics in short courses to non-philosophy Read more...

 
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