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Basics of Ecotoxicology.

Author: Donald W Sparling
Publisher: Milton, UNKNOWN : CRC Press, 2017.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Donald W Sparling
ISBN: 1351655477 9781351655477 9781351655460 1351655469
OCLC Number: 1002011669
Description: 1 online resource (238) : illustrations
Contents: Cover --
Half Title --
Title Page --
Copyright Page --
Table of Contents --
Preface --
Acknowledgments --
Author --
Section I An introduction to ecotoxicology --
Chapter 1: What Is Ecotoxicology? --
1.1 Introduction-What Do We Mean By 'Ecotoxicology'? --
1.2 How Did the Science of Ecotoxicology Come About? --
1.3 What Does It Take to Be an Ecotoxicologist? --
1.4 Objectives of This Book --
1.5 Chapter Summary --
1.6 Self-Test --
References --
Chapter 2: Basic Chemistry for Ecotoxicologists --
2.1 Introduction --
2.2 Elements and Periodic Chart --
2.2.1 Elements --
2.2.2 Periodic Chart of Elements --
2.3 Chemical Reactions --
2.4 Chemical Groups of Greatest Interest to Ecotoxicologists --
2.4.1 Metals --
2.4.2 Organic Molecules --
2.5 Comments on the Fate and Transport of Chemical Contaminants in the Environment --
2.5.1 Metals --
2.5.2 Radioactive Elements --
2.5.3 Organic Molecules --
2.6 Chemicals of Major Interest --
2.6.1 Polychlorinated Biphenyls and Similar Chemicals --
2.6.2 Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons --
2.6.3 Organochlorine Pesticides --
2.6.4 Currently Used Pesticides --
2.6.5 Metals and Metalloids --
2.6.6 Other Chemicals --
2.7 Units of Measurement --
2.8 Chapter Summary --
2.9 Self-Test --
References --
Chapter 3: Some Ways Contaminants Affect Plants and Animals --
3.1 Introduction --
3.2 Generalized Effects of Contaminants --
3.3 Physical or Mechanical Blockage --
3.4 Malformations --
3.5 Interference with Enzyme Activity --
3.5.1 Chelation --
3.5.2 Receptor Binding --
3.5.3 Neurotransmitter Interference --
3.5.4 Effects of Contaminants on Plants --
3.6 Impingements on the Immune System --
3.7 Contaminant-Induced Endocrine Disruption --
3.8 Genotoxicity --
3.9 Cytochrome P450 and Other Metabolic Systems --
3.10 So How Do Ecotoxicologists Study These Effects? --
3.11 Chapter Summary --
3.12 Self-Test. 7.4.4 Persistence --
7.4.5 Examples of OCP Concentrations in Environmental Sources --
7.4.6 Concentrations of OCPs in Animals --
7.4.7 Biological Effects of Organochlorine Pesticides --
7.5 Chapter Summary --
7.6 Self-Test --
References --
Chapter 8: Contaminants of Increasing Concern --
8.1 Introduction --
8.2 Plastics --
8.3 Pharmaceuticals --
8.4 Nanoparticles --
8.5 Acid Deposition --
8.6 Chapter Summary --
8.7 Self-Test --
References --
Section III Higher Level Effects, Analysis of Risk, and Regulation of Chemicals --
Chapter 9: Studying the Effects of Contaminants on Populations --
9.1 Introduction --
9.2 How Might Contaminants Influence the Characteristics of Populations? --
9.2.1 Density Dependence and Independence --
9.2.2 Abundance --
9.2.3 Sex Ratios --
9.2.4 Age Structure --
9.3 Contaminants and Life Table Analyses --
9.4 Chapter Summary --
9.5 Self-Test --
References --
Chapter 10: How Contaminants Can Affect Community and Ecosystem Dynamics --
10.1 Introduction --
10.2 Aspects of Community Ecology --
10.2.1 Species Richness, Diversity, and Abundance --
10.2.2 Food Chains and Webs --
10.2.3 Symbiotic Relationships --
10.2.4 Ecological Succession --
10.2.5 Community Sensitivity --
10.3 Contaminants and Ecosystems --
10.4 Chapter Summary --
10.5 Self-Test --
References --
Chapter 11: Risk Assessment --
11.1 Introduction --
11.2 Brief Overview of the History of Risk Assessment --
11.3 What Is an Ecological Risk Assessment Like? --
11.4 Assessing Risk to Organisms --
11.5 Uncertainty in Risk Assessments --
11.6 Vulnerability Analysis --
11.7 Risk Management --
11.8 Chapter Summary --
11.9 Self-Test --
References --
Chapter 12: Domestic and Global Regulation of Environmentally Important Chemicals --
12.1 Introduction --
12.2 International Authorities --
12.2.1 The United Nations. 12.2.2 Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development --
12.2.3 European Union --
12.3 National Regulation of Contaminants --
12.3.1 State Department --
12.3.2 Department of Defense --
12.3.3 Department of Agriculture --
12.3.3.1 U.S. Forest Service --
12.3.3.2 Natural Resources Conservation Service --
12.3.4 Department of the Interior --
12.3.4.1 Fish and Wildlife Service --
12.3.4.2 Bureau of Land Management --
12.3.4.3 U.S. Geological Survey --
12.3.4.4 Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement --
12.3.5 Department of Commerce --
12.3.5.1 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration --
12.3.5.2 U.S. Coast Guard --
12.3.6 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency --
12.3.6.1 Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA, 1938) --
12.3.6.2 Clean Air Act (1970) --
12.3.6.3 Clean Water Act (1972) --
12.3.6.4 Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA, 1976) --
12.3.6.5 Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA, 1976) --
12.3.6.6 Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA, 1980) --
12.3.6.7 Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA, 1996) --
12.4 Regulation at the State and Municipal Levels --
12.5 Chapter Summary --
12.6 Self-Test --
References --
Chapter 13: Future Perspectives and Concluding Remarks --
13.1 Introduction --
13.2 Does Looking Backward Tell Us Anything about Where the Science is Headed? --
13.3 What Is the Current Status of Ecotoxicology? --
13.4 Where Should the Science Head? --
13.4.1 Conduct Studies on the Huge Inventory Under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) --
13.4.2 Effects of Multiple Contaminants on Organisms --
13.4.3 Increased Consideration by Regulatory Agencies for Relevant Species --
13.4.4 Alternative Methods --
13.4.5 Develop Realistic Scenarios --
13.4.6 Increase Study of Higher Level Effects. 13.4.7 Gain More Information on Nanoparticles and Their Effects --
13.4.8 Encourage Advancements in Environmental Chemistry and Risk Assessment --
References --
Glossary --
Index.

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"This textbook covers the fundamental concepts of environmental toxicology in an engaging and informative way. Taking the reader on a journey through the history of toxicology through emerging Read more...

 
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