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The battle behind the wire : U.S. prisoner and detainee operations from World War II to Iraq

Author: Cheryl BenardEdward O'ConnellCathryn Quantic ThurstonAndrés VillamizarElvira N Loredo; et al; All authors
Publisher: Santa Monica, CA. : RAND, ©2011.
Series: Rand Corporation monograph series, MG-934-OSD.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
Although prisoner of war and detainee operations ultimately tend to become quite extensive, military planners and policymakers have repeatedly treated such operations as an afterthought. In reality, such operations can be a central part of the successful prosecution of a conflict. Determining how to gain knowledge from, hold, question, influence, and release captured adversaries can be an important component of  Read more...
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Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Cheryl Benard; Edward O'Connell; Cathryn Quantic Thurston; Andrés Villamizar; Elvira N Loredo; Thomas Sullivan; Jeremiah E Goulka; International Security and Defense Policy Center.; National Defense Research Institute (U.S.); Rand Corporation.; United States. Department of Defense. Office of the Secretary of Defense.; et al
ISBN: 9780833050458 0833050451
OCLC Number: 692230742
Notes: "RAND National Defense Research Institute."
"This research was sponsored by the Office of the Secretary of Defense and conducted within the International Security and Defense Policy Center of the RAND National Defense Research Institute"--Pref.
Description: xxiv, 102 p. : col. ill., col. map ; 23 cm.
Contents: The recurring importance of prisoner and detainee operations --
U.S. programs for German prisoners in World War II --
Korean war prisoner programs --
Prisoner and detainee operations in Vietnam --
Detainee operations in Iraq --
Conclusions and recommendations --
Appendix: The legal source of MNF-I's authority to intern for security.
Series Title: Rand Corporation monograph series, MG-934-OSD.
Other Titles: United States prisoner and detainee operations from World War II to Iraq
United States prisoner and detainee operations from World War two to Iraq
Responsibility: Cheryl Benard ... [et al.].

Abstract:

Although prisoner of war and detainee operations ultimately tend to become quite extensive, military planners and policymakers have repeatedly treated such operations as an afterthought. In reality, such operations can be a central part of the successful prosecution of a conflict. Determining how to gain knowledge from, hold, question, influence, and release captured adversaries can be an important component of military strategy and doctrine, both during the conflict and in reconstruction afterward. This monograph finds parallels in U.S. prisoner and detainee operations in World War II, Korea, Vietnam, and Iraq: underestimation of the number to be held, hasty scrambling for resources to meet operational needs, and inadequate doctrine and policy. During the later phases of military operations, an attempt is often made to educate prisoners and detainees and influence their social and political values. The results of a survey by RAND researchers of Iraq detainees contravene many assumptions that had been guiding decisions related to detainee operations. The survey found that local and personal motives, along with nationalism, were more prevalent than religious ones and that detainees were often economic opportunists rather than illiterates seeking economic subsistence through the insurgency. Recommendations include that detailed doctrine should be in place prior to detention and that detainees should be surveyed when first detained.

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