|提及的人：||Charles Baudelaire; Charles Baudelaire|
|描述：||208 p. ; 23 cm.|
|内容：||1. The Two Baudelaires: Valery's Canonization of Les Fleurs du mal --
2. Defining and Defending Poetry: Sartre Versus Bataille --
3. The Caricatural Mechanism in Baudelaire's Poetry --
4. The Allegorical Architecture of Les Fleurs du mal --
5. Baudelaire Against Photography: An Allegory of Old Age.
The book concentrates on two key moments in the literary history of the twentieth century, the periods following each world war. At these junctures French intellectuals intensely reconsidered their cultural patrimony and articulated something like a modernist consciousness. Baudelaire stood at the center of this process, becoming a sacred figure of modernism, and his poetry contributed to a radical reorienting of aesthetic sensibilities.
For the post-World War I period, the author focuses on Paul Valery's essay "Baudelaire's Situation"; for post-World War II, on the virulent debate between Jean-Paul Sartre and Georges Bataille over the question of Baudelaire's "bad faith." She argues that Sartre's resistance to the sacralization of Baudelaire and to the continuing formulation of a modernist ideology actually suggests a valuable way of rethinking Baudelaire's poetry and critiquing the modern consciousness. She attempts to show that something like an "aesthetics of bad faith" exists, and that it is a useful concept for understanding modernism in relationship to its own history.
Throughout, Baudelaire's poetry is examined in detail, with a focus on its relationship to his writings on caricature, on the problem of the "secret architecture," and on the place of allegory in a symbolist poetics. In the closing chapter, the author analyzes Baudelaire's denunciation of photography, which reveals the various tensions (or "bad faith") implicit in the modernist consciousness.