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Beginner's guide to flux crystal growth

Author: Makoto Tachibana
Publisher: Tokyo, Japan : National Institute for Materials Science/Springer, [2017]
Series: NIMS monographs.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
This book introduces the principles and techniques of crystal growth by the flux method, which is arguably the most useful way to obtain millimeter- to centimeter-sized single crystals for physical research. As it is possible to find an appropriate solvent ("flux") for nearly all inorganic materials, the flux method can be applied to the growth of many crystals ranging from transition metal oxides to intermetallic  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Printed edition:
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Makoto Tachibana
ISBN: 9784431565871 4431565876
OCLC Number: 1008868220
Description: 1 online resource (ix, 130 pages) : illustrations.
Contents: ""Preface""; ""Contents""; ""1 Introduction""; ""1.1 Single Crystals in Solid-State Research""; ""1.1.1 What Is a Single Crystal?""; ""1.1.2 Appropriate Size of Crystals for Solid-State Research""; ""1.1.3 Types of Crystals Frequently Studied in Solid-State Physics""; ""1.1.4 Single Crystals in Other Fields of Study""; ""1.2 Overview of Flux Growth""; ""1.3 Other Methods of Crystal Growth""; ""1.3.1 Melt Growth Techniques""; ""1.3.2 Solution Growth Techniques""; ""1.3.3 Vapor Growth Techniques""; ""1.3.4 Comparison of Different Methods""; ""1.4 Literature on Flux Growth""; ""References"" ""2 Mechanisms of Crystal Growth from Fluxed Solutions""""2.1 Crystal Morphology""; ""2.2 Mechanisms of Flux Crystal Growth""; ""2.2.1 Solubility and Supersaturation""; ""2.2.2 Nucleation""; ""2.2.3 Layer-by-Layer Growth""; ""2.2.4 Spiral Growth""; ""2.2.5 Hopper Growth and Dendritic Growth""; ""2.2.6 Summary of Growth Mechanisms""; ""2.3 Imperfections in Crystals""; ""References""; ""3 Phase Diagrams for Flux Growth""; ""3.1 Introduction""; ""3.2 Simple Eutectic System""; ""3.3 Examples of Eutectic Systems""; ""3.4 Incongruently Melting Compounds""; ""3.5 Solid Solutions"" ""3.6 Oxygen Partial Pressure and Oxidation State""""3.7 Determination of Phase Diagrams""; ""3.7.1 Quenching Method""; ""3.7.2 Solubility Determination""; ""3.7.3 Hot-Stage Microscopy""; ""3.7.4 Differential Thermal Analysis""; ""References""; ""4 Choosing a Flux""; ""4.1 Properties of an Ideal Flux""; ""4.2 Typical Fluxes for Oxide Growth""; ""4.2.1 Lead- and Bismuth-Based Polar Compounds""; ""4.2.2 Network-Forming Borates""; ""4.2.3 Complex-Forming Vanadates, Molybdates, and Tungstates""; ""4.2.4 Simple Ionic Alkali Halides and Carbonates""; ""4.2.5 Oxidizing Alkali Hydroxides"" ""4.2.6 Other Considerations""""4.3 Fluxes for Intermetallic Compounds""; ""References""; ""5 Equipment and Experimental Procedures""; ""5.1 Furnaces""; ""5.1.1 Vertical Tube Furnace""; ""5.1.2 Box Furnace""; ""5.1.3 Heating Elements""; ""5.1.4 Summary of Furnaces""; ""5.2 Crucibles""; ""5.2.1 Platinum""; ""5.2.2 Silica Glass""; ""5.2.3 Alumina""; ""5.2.4 Tantalum""; ""5.3 Starting Materials""; ""5.3.1 Chemicals Used in Oxide Growth""; ""5.3.2 Metals""; ""5.4 Growth of Oxide Crystals in Air""; ""5.4.1 Preparation""; ""5.4.2 Growth""; ""5.4.3 Removal of Crystals"" ""5.4.4 Cleaning of Platinum Crucibles""""5.5 Flux Growth in a Protective Atmosphere""; ""5.5.1 Use of a Crucible Inside a Silica Glass Tube""; ""5.6 Some Notes on Handling the Grown Crystals""; ""References""; ""6 Examples of Flux-Grown Crystals""; ""6.1 BaFe2As2""; ""6.2 CdCr2Se4""; ""6.3 CuGeO3""; ""6.4 Dy2Ti2O7""; ""6.5 KNiF3""; ""6.6 KTiOPO4""; ""6.7 La0.7Pb0.3MnO3""; ""6.8 MgSiO3""; ""6.9 PbZn1/3Nb2/3O3""; ""6.10 SmB6""; ""6.11 TbMn2O5""; ""6.12 VO2""; ""References""; ""Appendix: Flux-Grown Crystals Published in Journal of Crystal Growth since 1975""
Series Title: NIMS monographs.
Responsibility: Makoto Tachibana.

Abstract:

This book introduces the principles and techniques of crystal growth by the flux method, which is arguably the most useful way to obtain millimeter- to centimeter-sized single crystals for physical  Read more...

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