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The behavioralist visits the factory : increasing productivity using simple framing manipulations

Author: Tanjim Hossain; John A List; National Bureau of Economic Research.
Publisher: Cambridge, MA : National Bureau of Economic Research, ©2009.
Series: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research : Online), working paper no. 15623.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"Recent discoveries in behavioral economics have led to important new insights concerning what can happen in markets. Such gains in knowledge have come primarily via laboratory experiments --a missing piece of the puzzle in many cases is parallel evidence drawn from naturally-occurring field counterparts. We provide a small movement in this direction by taking advantage of a unique opportunity to work with a Chinese  Read more...
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Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Tanjim Hossain; John A List; National Bureau of Economic Research.
OCLC Number: 495695205
Notes: "December 2009."
Title from PDF file as viewed on 1/5/2010.
Description: 1 online resource (25, [7] pages) : illustrations.
Series Title: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research : Online), working paper no. 15623.
Responsibility: Tanjim Hossain, John A. List.

Abstract:

"Recent discoveries in behavioral economics have led to important new insights concerning what can happen in markets. Such gains in knowledge have come primarily via laboratory experiments --a missing piece of the puzzle in many cases is parallel evidence drawn from naturally-occurring field counterparts. We provide a small movement in this direction by taking advantage of a unique opportunity to work with a Chinese high-tech manufacturing facility. Our study revolves around using insights gained from one of the most influential lines of behavioral research--framing manipulations--in an attempt to increase worker productivity in the facility. Using a natural field experiment, we report several insights. For example, conditional incentives framed as both "losses" and "gains" increase productivity for both individuals and teams. In addition, teams more acutely respond to bonuses posed as losses than as comparable bonuses posed as gains. The magnitude of the effect is roughly 1%: that is, total team productivity is enhanced by 1% purely due to the framing manipulation. Importantly, we find that neither the framing nor the incentive effect lose their importance over time; rather the effects are observed over the entire sample period. Moreover, we learn that worker reputation and conditionality of the bonus contract are substitutes for sustenance of incentive effects in the long-run production function"--National Bureau of Economic Research web site.

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