RT Book, Whole DB /z-wcorg/ DS http://worldcat.org ID 785504478 LA 31 articles in English; 6 in French. T1 Beyond the screen : institutions, networks and publics of early cinema A1 Braun, Marta., PB John Libbey ; Distributed in Asia and North America by Indiana University Press PP New Barnet, U.K.; Bloomington YR 2012 SN 9780861967032 0861967038 9780253006592 0253006597 AB Early moving pictures were not only "harmless entertainment" or "a business, pure and simple," as the U.S. Supreme Court defined the medium in 1915. Looking beyond the screen of a century ago, the essays in this collection recover an often utopian vision for cinema, imagined to have emancipatory potential to educate and motivate audiences to act together as publics. In national and local contexts from Europe, North America and around the world, cinema entered the domains of science and health education, social and religious uplift, labour organizing and political campaigning. Early movies of all sorts were shown to prisoners, shoppers, news readers, church and museum-goers, and students of all ages. These essays collectively consider non-theatrical cinema, documenting the people, institutions, and publics who worked to make movies more than entertainment.